january plumbing – gtg

There are two (2) different types of water pumps used to provide water to your home or business Submersible and Jet Wall pumps. We have the products and knowledge to install, replace, or repair a water system that fits your needs.

Submersible Pumps

Submersible well pumps are long cylinders usually 3 to 5 inches in diameter and 2 to 4 feet long. Submersible pumps can be set several hundred feet deep in the well if needed. The electric motor and the pump are installed as one unit in the water in the well. An electric cable is attached to the motor, and a pipe comes up the well from the pump to the top of the well. When the pump switches on, the motor runs and turns a series of impellers that push water up out of the well. A submersible well pump delivers more water – and more pressure – compared to a jet well pump of the same horsepower.

Jet Well Pumps

Jet well pumps are not installed in the water and may be installed in or outside of a 24″ bored well or outside of a 6″ drilled well. A jet well pump provides less water per minute and less pressure than a submersible well pump of the same horsepower. Jet pumps use more electricity than submersible pumps.

Shallow Well Jet Pumps

Jet pumps work by pumping water under pressure through an ejector into a discharge pipe coming up from the well. As the jet of high pressure water is forced into the discharge pipe, it creates a vacuum and causes water to be drawn from the well. Back at the surface, some of the water is piped to the plumbing system and some is routed back to the ejector to raise more water from the well. Shallow well jet pumps are not effective at depths below 25 ft at sea level but have the advantage of having no working parts down the well and so can be used in narrow diameter wells. Shallow well pumps have one pipe going down in the well into the water.

Deep Well Jet Pumps

Deep well jet pumps are similar to shallow well jet pumps but the ejector is installed down the well instead of being attached to the pump. Deep well jet pumps can pull water from depths of 90 ft. Deep well jet pumps have two pipes going down in the well into the water.

Pump Tanks

Pump Tanks or water storage tanks are used in conjunction with well pump water systems. There are different sizes and different material types – either – fiberglass or steel. The proper size pump tank to use with a water system depends on the GPM (gallons per minute) of water a water pump will pump at a given water pressure. It is best for a pump to run at least 1 minute when it cuts on and before it cuts off to prevent motor damage. Constant starting and stopping of a pump is the primary reason for failure of the water pump’s motor. Sometimes the pump tank may be water logged (tank completely full of water) to be the cause of pump cutting on & off to often. If so, the pump tank needs to be replaced with the correct size tank. The proper way to size a pump tank for a water pump can be performed by using this chart.






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plumbing 12/31/18 – gtg




Cleaning Your Drain of Bad Smells


Draining a Washing Machine

In this case, you can drain the machine, one pail of water at a time, by cutting the end off the rear drain hose and letting the water pour into a bucket. (You should have several containers lined up so you don’t have to set the drain hose down and go looking for another container). Beware! If your washer is hooked up to the U-bend in a sink, removing the drain hose means that any water down the sink will end up on the floor! So, don’t pour the water from the pail into the sink. Once you have the water out of the machine and can work with the hose, replace the hose in the drain, and let the machine spin out the water.
If your machine hasn’t been recently installed, either the pump isn’t working or there’s something blocking the drain. Some washing machines have a pump, filter and drain hose that can be accessed with relative ease, but others don’t, and you’ll probably need a repair person to fix what ails them. Some machines have a lock on the door that can’t be opened as long as there is water inside the machine. If you can find a way to drain the machine, then you can open the door and access the pump filter if there is one. Some washers have a filter at the front of the machine, and others have it behind a panel at the bottom of the washer. If you aren’t sure about the location of your machine’s internal organs, the owner’s manual should help you out. (You do have the owner’s manual, don’t you?)

You may be one of the lucky washer owners whose washer comes with a water pump filter that rests behind a flap. Lift the flap, and you may find a small drain hose. Unstop the hose and drain the water (slowly, painfully) into a pail or (if you’re lucky) a floor drain. This may take awhile because the container you drain into may not be very deep if the hose is close to the floor to start with. Gravity requires that the hose aim down to get maximum drainage, and you may not have much room in that direction unless your machine is up on concrete blocks.

If your machine doesn’t have a drain hose, you’ll have to drain it from the pipe at the back of the washer. The advantage here is that the drain is usually higher than the front pump filter drain hose would be: the draining will go faster until the water level falls below the height of the pipe. Remember, if you’re draining the washer from the hose that’s been connected to a waste water pipe, make sure you aren’t going to dump the drained water down any connected sink, or you’ll get a flood.

If you try to drain the washer by means of any hose and there’s little or no water coming out, you may have found a blockage. Socks are famous for blocking washers—they’re small enough to get sucked into a hose but too big to work their way free again. At this point, you’ll either need to take the pump filter apart (if you know about things like that), or call someone who knows about things like taking pump filters apart and get some expert assistance.

Fix Washing Machine from Bad Smells
You may have a washing machine that does its job, but gives you trouble when you aren’t using it. It smells awful—mildewed, sulfurous, nasty. It may even make your clothes smell bad when they’re washed, but more likely you’ll notice the stink when the washer is sitting empty. The good news is that even when your washer smells bad, it’s probably not going to be a mechanical issue, and you won’t need the washer repairman or a plumber to fix it. Isn’t that nice—you’ve just saved a lot of money!

If your washer has been recently installed, you will need to rule out the possibility that it wasn’t plumbed in correctly. Bad plumbing can cause the washer to fill with nasty old water that should have drained out the sewer pipe. A good installation should include a warranty so that if that turns out to be the problem, the installers should fix the trouble at no cost to you. (If they try to renege on the warranty or guarantee, don’t waste time arguing: call the Better Business Bureau and file a formal complaint). Incorrect plumbing can cause the waste water from the washer to re-enter the machine after it should have left the building. You can check for this possibility by looking at the washer when it hasn’t been running. If it has water seeping into it when it’s off, you have a problem with the waste water running back into the appliance and a plumber should some out to remedy the situation.

It’s possible for some well water to create bad smells in the washer because of minerals in the water. Washers with a well water problem will probably smell sulfurous, like rotten eggs. It will be the same smell as the water from the tap. If you haven’t already had problems with stinky well water, you should get a plumber to rule out the chance that sewer gas is the real culprit. If your washer is in a room where a toilet seal or sink trap has failed, the smell that seems to be coming from the washer may in fact be coming from a waste water pipe or a clogged vent. Sewer gas is dangerous: if you think there’s a chance that you’re smelling sewer gas, open the window (if there is one), leave the room, and call the plumber.

The more likely scenario is that your washing machine was running fine and developed a bad smell somewhere along the way of its normal functioning. This is common if you use inexpensive powder soaps that don’t really dissolve the way they should when they hit the water. Some cheap soaps won’t dissolve in cold water, and some really cheap soaps also won’t fully dissolve in hot water, which transforms the soap into a sticky mass. Powdered soaps can be the worst—you’ll probably have found that sometimes you get lumps of soap in the laundry after the rinse and spin cycles are completed. This is a great clue that the soap is also not dissolving in the washer. It may be caking up somewhere around the drum or in the various seals and pipes of the washer.

If your soap is caking up on your clothes, or if you need a hot wash to dissolve it, it’s worth paying a little more money to get a decent laundry detergent that will dissolve in cold water (saving you hot water charges) and wash completely away in the rinse. Sometimes, all you need to do to get rid of the bad smell in the washer is to start washing with a better detergent. In a few loads of laundry, the old soap goo will be washed away from the nooks and crannies of the washer and the stink will wash away with it. (If you want to hurry things along, do a load of wash on the hottest setting and with no clothes in the washer).

If there’s a chance that the smell in your washer comes from more than bad soap, you may want to do a serious wash cleaning. Lots of really grubby laundry (like washing farmer’s or mechanic’s clothes) can leave dirt and oil in the washer. It can build up in places where you can’t reach to wipe it out, and create a stinky environment). If you don’t have a septic tank, you can wash through a couple of cycles using laundry bleach and hot water: this will help wash away the accumulated dirt.

Other odor problems can come from not using the recommended amount of detergent for a load. If you use too much laundry soap, it can build up in the washer: if you don’t use enough, you may have dirt and oils from clothing staying inside the washer at the end of the cycle. Follow the directions on your laundry detergent.

If you want to use cold water to save money and energy, you may find that hard water prevents your clothes from getting as clean as you’d like. There are a few detergents out now that are made especially to dissolve and wash well in cold water. It may be worth trying one of those more specialized detergents.

Vinegar is a long-revered cleanser, and it has the added benefit of being harmless to septic systems. If you don’t want to put bleach into the sewer or septic, buy a gallon of cheap (usually about $1) white vinegar, and do a load of wash using hot water to clean out the washer. If you hate the waste of a whole load of laundry, it wouldn’t hurt a bit to send through a load of sheets, dish towels, clothes or anything else you’d like to give some extra cleaning. The vinegar will act as a natural bleach and clean out the washer at the same time.

Whatever special cleaning wash you decide to use, do a special load of wash every week or two for the purpose of keeping your washer clean. If you’re using the correct amount of a good detergent, periodically doing a wash in hot water, and not overloading the machine, a problem with a smelly washer should be permanently a thing of the past.



If you’ve ever read about Paris in the 1930s, you will have an understanding of the French drain the sewers of Paris were known worldwide for being nothing more than open trenches filled with human waste. Not too classy for the most elegant city on earth!

But these days even Paris has succumbed to the lure of installing pipes and wastewater management, and the open sewer is just a rank memory in all but the worst of slums. Building a french drain remain widely useful, although not for sewage they are perfect for diverting rainwater from foundations, basements, driveways and other places you would rather keep dry. French drains can in some cases be installed without pipes, by laying beds of gravel down in trenches under the topsoil, but for most building codes and to keep the water moving right where you want it, laying in a series of pipes makes the most sense.

Flooding occurs when the topsoil, which contains a lot of air, becomes saturated with water. If the area isn’t level, the water will flow downhill; if there’s no slope, it will stand where it is, taking a long time to work its way into the more compacted and often clayey soils beneath. Water that would normally flow downhill in a sheet of liquid topsoil finds it much easier to move through gravel and pipe, so it will naturally find its way into your trench.

If the slope in your yard isn’t perfectly obvious, rent a builder’s level to help you find the high and low points in the area you want to design a drain. Your yard may look fairly flat, but sometimes, although the slope isn’t apparent to the naked eye, it’s sufficient to send water on its way downhill. A level will help you find the lowest part of your property, which is where you’ll want your pipe to exit the ground.

You can control flooding around your house by digging a narrow trench about 6 inches wide and about 2 feet deep that wraps around three sides of your house and heads downhill. Dig the trenches in a U shape around your house, keeping the ditch between four and six feet from the foundation of your house. Once you have your trench dug, compact the earth in the bottom of it, and place your drainage pipe into the trench. Make sure the holes in the drain pipe are pointing down into the soil, or your trench won’t work because the holes will be immediately clogged with dirt. This is really important lots of people do everything right but then screw up the pipe by putting it in upside down, so their trenches never work. Point the holes down!

Once you have the pipe installed, cover it with 1 inch (or greater) washed, rounded gravel, filling the trench until it’s one inch from the surface of the ground. You can then place a strip of sod or soil planted with grass seed over the trench to make it look nice and help keep the gravel in place. If you have problems not just with sub-surface water but with water standing on top of the ground as well, you can just fill the trench all the way to the top with gravel: this will increase your drainage. If the sight of the trench will bother you, you can make it wider at the top and put some curves into it when you’re planning its course, so that the gravel becomes a winding path.

You don’t need tons of expensive equipment to install a French drain system. Any time you’re planning to dig into the ground, you should start by making sure there are no underground utility lines in the area you’re planning to trench. Buried electric cables, sewer or gas lines can kill you if you dig into them. At the very least, you may cut into a sewer line and make a big, expensive mess. So, make sure you know there’s nothing else buried before you start to dig!

You can rent a ditch digger or trencher (also called the Ditch Witch) from a place that rents building supplies, and you can buy the perforated drainage pipe from most hardware or home supply stores. The builder’s level is also something you can rent, and you can either pay to have the gravel delivered, or if you have access to a good sized truck, you can buy it much, much cheaper if you pick it up yourself. If you’re not confident in your ability to calculate the amount of gravel you’ll need, take the measurements of your trench (6 inches wide, 24 inches deep, 200 feet long, for example) to the place where you buy gravel and ask someone who works there to help you calculate the amount of gravel you need to buy. (This is good advice if you’re near a building supply store that’s not one of the huge chains: too many of the giant home stores employ teenagers who don’t have a clue about how to help you.)

What’s a Trench Drain?
You may hear the words “trench drain” and “French drain” used interchangeably, which can be confusing when you’re contemplating at home drain repairs. “Trench drain” means different things to different people, for the lay person, it’s a drain that’s constructed by digging a ditch or trench and either laying gravel, pipes or both into the drain. Trenches are used in creating French drains, which are ideal for draining water away from houses or from land into storm sewers, catchments or other areas where the water won’t pose as much of a problem. But to experts, trench drains may mean large, industrial drain systems that are built with trenches miles long and a hundred or more feet deep. Used in road building, city sewer systems and municipal drainage, trench drains are often the foundations on which entire cities rest.


Kitchen Grease Fires – Safety and Prevention

1. Keep small children and pets away from the stove or oven and out from underfoot in the kitchen
2. Always start with a dry pan! Even a little water will spatter if there’s grease in the pan as well.
3. Make sure your pot holders and oven mitts are truly heat proof (many of the cheap ones are decorative but won’t protect your hands). Keep them in easy reach of the stove (not in the drawer across the way).
4. Use wooden, not metal, spoons when stirring hot items.
5. Use a splash guard (a metal grid that fits over a pan) to keep hot grease from popping on you.
6. Make sure your roasts or frying meats are in pans or on boilers deep enough to hold the fats that will cook out. Otherwise, grease may pour into the oven or stove and catch fire.
Minimize the chances of getting burned by cooking at a lower temperature, and make sure you have pot holders and oven mitts within easy reach. The best way to handle a grease fire is to deprive it of oxygen. Without air, fire just goes out. Keep a lid near any meat you have frying: if the pan catches fire, quickly put the lid on to smother the flame. You can’t put out a grease fire with water: the water will actually cause the grease fire to leap from one place to another! Keep a large, opened box of baking soda, salt or flour near the burner: either one of these substances can smother a flame. If there is a fire, pour on plenty of the dry good and keep pouring until the fire is smothered. It never hurts to have a fully charged, recently inspected, fire extinguisher in the kitchen. Make sure you know how to use it. (There’s usually a pin to pull: after that, all you have to do is aim it at the fire).

Broilers can cause fires when grease pops up onto the heating element or if it catches fire on an open flame. Some cheap stoves may make the problem worse: inexpensive gaskets have been known to catch fire from a broiler flame. If the food itself has caught fire, it’s pretty simple to deal with it: just shake salt, baking soda or flour onto the pan. If you can reach the control, turn off the broiler as soon as you realize there’s a problem. If the oven itself is on fire, you can try shutting the door to put out the flame. If it’s an electric stove, unplug it. If it’s a gas stove, call the fire department. The important thing after any fore is to make sure there’s nothing smoldering, so never be shy about calling the local fire department to check if you have a stove or oven fire, even if you’ve managed to put it out.

Many grease fires start when people are deep frying foods. Deep fat fryers are equipped with safety features that prevent the fats from overheating and catching fire, but stove top deep fat frying can be dangerous. Most foods that are deep fried are perfectly good (and healthier for you) if they are pan-fried instead, and pan-frying minimizes the risk of using fats.

Kitchen fires at home are often easily dealt with as long as you don’t panic. Keeping lids available, using fire smothering substances and having an extinguisher nearby are good ideas, especially when cooking with fats.

If you are eating heart-smart or just don’t like the idea of using animal fats to cook with, you can still dispose of them easily. Bacon grease and other fats from meats should be allowed to cool before being scraped into the trash. Get as much of the grease out of the pan as possible before washing it with very hot, soapy water. The heat will help the grease melt into the water and the detergent will “saponify” it, emulsifying it and keeping it liquid on its trip through the drain. Follow up the pan washing with plenty of hot water and detergent down the drain, and if you have a garbage disposal, run it with hot soapy water as well to keep the grease from building up on the blades and walls of the disposal.

Teach everyone in your family not to put things down the drain, and you’ll have a much slighter chance of clogs. Treat your drains to a drink of microbial drain cleaner like Drainbo every week or two: it will help keep odor-causing bacteria out, and your drains fresh and clear.


Dealing with Grease Traps and Household Grease Disposal

Restaurants, from the diner to the fast food place to the chi-chi bistro, have better ways of dealing with fats than pouring them into old coffee cans and putting them into the trash. The grease trap was invented to take care of the fats, oils and greases (abbreviated as FOGs) that come from food preparation. Grease traps do more than prevent FOGs from entering the sewers in mass quantities: they provide a way to recycle greases, which can be used to make fuel. Some owners of diesel driven trucks and cars have discovered that a low tech filtering process can transform kitchen grease into clean, useful fuel that leaves a scent of French fries, not crude oil, behind. Recycling kitchen grease makes sense, and when it’s in large quantities, is makes a lot of sense: someday, the whole world may be powered by fats! If you have a grease trap, you can call a recycler that specializes in FOGs: at intervals, they will come and take the grease away for filtering and refining.

Grease traps work by providing a storage and collection area for kitchen greases that would otherwise wind up clogging up drains and creating havoc in the sewers. They are either designed on site to conform to the building code, or they can be purchased as entire units. They are designed to let in water, to let the grease float on top, and to provide a place for solids, which will drop to the bottom of the tank. The trap should be designed so that when water that enters the trap is warm, it cools before leaving the trap. When the water cools, the fats that may have been melted in the water also cool and harden, separating from the water to float on top of the trap. If the fats stay melted in warm water, they will move out of the trap with the water and enter the wastewater drains.

Grease traps can be underground tanks or areas inside the building, depending on the size and location of the restaurant as well as the local building code requirements. Building codes also determine the requirements for the size of a trap, which is important because an overloaded trap won’t work correctly. It’s also important to have the grease trap installed by a reputable company: some estimates say that around one-quarter of grease traps are installed incorrectly.

Grease traps are usually cleaned every other week or once a month, depending on the size of the trap and the amount of grease used in the kitchen. Most restaurants establish a cleaning schedule and assign it to employees—it’s one of the more unpleasant duties of a restaurant worker. The solids on the bottom of the tank as well as the FOGs from the top are removed in regular cleanings. Sediment and greases are disposed of in containers usually stored outside, and are protected from spilling. Grease trap cleaning and maintenance is important: if grease traps aren’t cleaned when they should be, they stop working, and the grease as well as the water flows through the trap and into the wastewater lines.

Failing to maintain a grease trap can result in violation of building codes, city ordinances and food safety regulations. It can result in fines and in costly plumbing repairs. There are companies that specialize in cleaning grease traps, so the harried restaurateur doesn’t need to bother with it. Otherwise, the cleaning may be relegated to bussers, dishwashers or waitpersons who have received proper and thorough training.



What to Do When They Meet
Tree roots may cause your sewer line to back up, sending raw sewage into the house. If they grow big enough, they may rupture sewer lines, meaning a lot of expensive and messy clean-up work. Old houses are notorious for problems with tree roots in sewer lines because the old sewage pipes were made of clay and joined together with mortar. Aside from the fact that we’ve all seen what moisture does to compounds made of cement, mortar crumbles over time. When a thirsty tree sends out its tiny roots in search of liquid and organic nutrients, the cracks in the mortar between the old cement sewage pipes make a perfect entry point for small rootlets. Even this wouldn’t be a big problem, except for the fact that as the roots find what they seek in the way of moisture and nutrition, they start to grow and grow. Eventually, there are big roots in the sewer.
When it comes to having tree roots in your sewer line, you don’t have too many effective choices. There are some products that you can put down the toilet, which claim to kill tree roots in sewage lines, but they often don’t take care of the problem adequately, and you can wind up with worse problems than before. The problem with these products is that sewer lines are rarely actually full: the sewage tends to rest in the bottom part of the line. For tree roots to be affected by chemicals in the sewer line, they would have to be immersed in them: otherwise, the ends of their rootlets may get burned (if they hang down far enough), but the main part of the root may stay above the remedy. The tree continues to prosper.

The best way to stop the roots that have joined the sewer is to convince them to go elsewhere by using copper sulfate in the soil around the sewer line. Trees hate copper sulfate, but homeowners live the stuff, because it may be all that stands between them and paying for a brand new sewer system.

The hardest part of using copper sulfate is in figuring out where your sewer lines actually lie. Not only do you need an accurate idea of where each line is, you also need to know the depth of the line at the point or points most likely invaded by tree roots. If your house is on a city sewer line, you can go to the city office and find exactly where your sewer tap is, and then trace the line (usually coming off the main at a 90 degree angle) back to your house. An even better option is to hire a sewer company that uses an endoscope type camera. They send the camera into the line and map the exact line for you, including the precise location of tree roots in the line. Electronics have also made it possible for sewer companies to tell you the depth of the line at any point along the way.

Once you have the information on location and depth of the sewer line where the roots are, you can use an earth auger to drill a 2.5 inch diameter hole in the ground above where the roots are in the sewer line. First, make sure there are no other utility lines where you plan to drill—call the electric, gas and cable company to make sure you have a free and safe access.

You’ll also want one or more lengths of 1.5 inch PVC pipe and a means of cutting it to the right length. You will drill straight down toward the sewer pipe, stopping when you get to a place 24-30 inches above the sewer line. You don’t want to go too far down, because the solution you’re going to pour into the PVC pipe should go into the soil above the sewer line. Cut the pipe to the length of the hole, and attach a threaded female adapter with a plug onto one end of the pipe. Once you have the hole drilled, put the pipe into the hole, and if it needs trimming to lie flush with the ground (and below the grass so you can’t run over it with the lawn mower), pull it out again and cut a little off the bottom until it fits just right. If you have a lot of roots in the lines, or a root that extends a long way through or near a line, you will probably want to insert a PVC pipe at each trouble point and every 6 feet or so along the line of trouble.

Now comes the big fun: take off the plug at the end, and pour copper sulfate into the pipe until it’s about half full of the crystals. You can buy copper sulfate at feed stores, nurseries and some old fashioned hardware stores. When the PVC pipe is half full, pour hot water into the pipe until it tops up and runs over a little bit. The copper sulfate is dissolved in the hot water, and starts to run into the soil around the ground. Tree roots hate copper sulfate, and will turn away. The ones in the sewer line will die.

Whenever you do something that’s not easily seen, such as putting pipes into the ground around your home, you can save yourself a lot of trouble later on by creating a record of the work you did. Use a camera, GPS or a hand made map to accurately show where you put the PVC pipes in your ground. Who knows, you may need to install sprinklers some day, or you may want to add pipes to counter other root systems: it’s important to know where things are laid. Put the map with your other important household maintenance papers so you never have to hunt for it.

The copper sulfate solution works, but it’s not a one shot deal. You need to reapply the copper sulfate every four months, or the copper sulfate will leach out of the soil and the trees will send new roots to the sewer. Make applying copper sulfate solution part of your regular routine—once a season, to keep the roots away.

Copper sulfate is a great solution for deterring tree roots, but it’s not an overnight one. It takes months for trees to get into the sewer, and it takes months to turn them back from it as well. You have to wait for the copper sulfate to take effect on the trees, and that will take some time. But it works, so it’s worth the wait.


Septic Tank Maintenance and Care – Other Possible Septic Cleaning Issues
Perc tests are one way to plan for things, since soil drainage is considered before the field is built and established limits prevent you from putting a septic field where the water table is too high or the soil not absorbent enough to handle all but extraordinary amounts of rain.

One thing that can destroy a drain field is a thirsty tree. Septic building experts should place the drain field where there are no tree roots likely to tap into, tear up other otherwise displace the plastic pipes that make up the leach lines. Tree roots can play havoc with a septic field, since they can travel for hundreds of feet in search of moisture, and are strong enough to tear up any kind of pipe you can lay. Drain fields should not be planted with deep-rooted plants; nor should they be used as parking or turnaround sites, since the weight of trucks or automobiles can compact the earth (preventing proper perking) and crush pipes.

Your house’s external drains are also important to the health and care of your septic. When an inch of rain falls in a storm, the roof of an average-sized house can run off over 50,000 gallons of water! If your gutters, downspouts and outside drains aren’t planned correctly, you may be delivering astounding amounts of water to the septic field without even knowing about it. Gutters should drain away from the house, but they shouldn’t be draining into your septic field, or it will soon be overwhelmed and become useless.

One of the most important things you should know about your septic system is that, in many ways, it is like any organic body. It can’t deal with inorganic waste; that is, waste that can’t be broken down naturally. For that reason, things like plastics, rubber, solvents and acids shouldn’t enter the septic system. “Disposable” diapers are diapers that should be disposed of by transport to a landfill rather than being flushed down the toilet, because they are made with plastic that will clog drains. If plastics do make their way into the septic tank, there they sit, since bacteria can’t break them down. Only organic things should be put into the septic system, and even those things should be broken into pieces small enough that they won’t wind up as a clog in a pipe somewhere between a plumbing fixture and the septic tank. If the septic tank itself has a healthy population of bacteria, those billions of little microbes will break the organic matter down even further. However, if the bacterial population has been decimated by the use of things like chlorine bleach or by acid or alkaline drain cleaners, the organic waste won’t be broken down and the tank will fill up faster than ever.

One of the things that can destroy the bacteria in your septic system is bleach. Chlorine bleach is found in cleanser, many household sprays and in laundry detergent.

A well-maintained septic system shouldn’t create any odor, and the smell of sewage coming from drains is a distinct warning sign that something is wrong. Coupled with toilets that suddenly flush slower than usual, sewage smells may indicate that the tank is full and must be pumped. If you have sewage smells even though your tank isn’t full and the plumbing seems to be working all right, you may have a problem with a sewer vent pipe. Sewer vent pipes vent sewer gas from plumbing fixtures to the outside of the house. If the vent pipes aren’t installed correctly, if they aren’t high enough or if they become clogged, you may wind up with sewer gas in the house. Sewer gas is dangerous on two counts: first, it contains methane, which is flammable and explosive. Second, sewer gas can suck the oxygen out of the house and cause death. Either way, you’re in big trouble, so if you smell sewer gas, don’t wait—open the windows, leave the room, and call a licensed plumber.


Common Septic Problems
When the field is planned, the builder should take into consideration things like soil composition, trees and ground water levels that may interfere with the field’s freedom of movement. Furthermore, before a septic system is constructed, county regulations require the soil have a “perc” test. The percolation test is a way of determining the amount of time and space required for the soil to effectively clean the draining water before the water reaches the water table. Places with heavy clay soils may not “perk” properly, so that any wastewater sent into the ground might just puddle up and sit. Some building sites can’t be approved for septic systems because the soil just won’t allow enough water to run through—any sewage would then become a health hazard, polluting the area and leading to diseases such as typhoid and cholera. (If you’ve ever wondered why slums often breed such diseases, it’s because some countries don’t regulate the sewage in poverty stricken areas, and people bathe in the same water they drink).
When the septic tank gets too full, it overflows, sending untreated sewage onto the surface of the ground. This even doesn’t go unnoticed for long, since a messy, smelly pool of water and who-knows-what will appear in the drain field. This can be expensive as well as distressing, since the tank will need pumping and the ground that has been contaminated with raw sewage will need to be cleaned up as well as possible and then left to recover. Sometimes the drain field has to be moved to another location, which can cost thousands of dollars.

Septic tanks can get too full when they aren’t pumped regularly; they can fill up fast if the homeowner does load after load of laundry without giving the tank time to recover and send the gray water to the leach field; they can become full very quickly when the leach lines have become plugged. There are any number of reasons for a tank to overflow, but if you pay attention to your water usage and keep the bacteria populations in the leach lines and septic tank, there shouldn’t be a problem with overflow.

Maintaining a septic system is easiest when you do a little preventive maintenance. Nothing could be easier! Once a week, using a bacterial drain cleaner like Drainbo, clean your toilet. Brushing Drainbo under the rim of the toilet deposits the beneficial bacteria that will kill other, odor-causing bacteria that will otherwise make your plumbing fixtures smell bad. Once the toilet is flushed, the bacteria travel along the plumbing lines. Some will cling to pipes or joints where material has built up, where they will digest the material, removing potential clogs before they start. Other bacteria will make its way to the septic tank, remaining to digest solid waste in the tank or cleaning out the leach lines in the drain field. The Drainbo bacteria do what the natural soil bacteria do when wastewater enters the drain field, but they do it faster, keeping the plumbing clean and clear.


water softeners-water purification – gtg



As an alternative to the more traditional water softeners is a Catalytic Water Softener. This type of system combines magnets and specific alloys to dissolve the minerals that are deposited in the water; technically it conditions the water rather than removing the minerals and discarding them, and they remain in the water.

These systems work by combining various metals that are semi-precious and precious to produce the catalyst. When the water is transported through a special chamber it has a dramatic fall in pressure which forms crystals made of the calcium in the water.

It is then transported to another compartment where the special catalysts are positioned. When the water moves over this specific surface more crystals are created and the next step passes through the super magnetic field.

The crystals remain in this chamber and within a few days they are completely dissolved. Once the water completely travels through all the chambers, the result is cleaner, fresher, softer water.

Advantages of Cleaner Water
It’s very clear that a Catalytic Water Softener is necessary when there’s evidence of white scale on sinks, pots, or showers, or the water feels “greasy”, or laundry detergent doesn’t produce suds or get the laundry cleaned, or the water tastes “funny”.

When the water is not hard, clothes get cleaner, and less laundry detergent is required, appliances that utilize water last longer because there is no build up in their pipes, and there no salt or other chemicals used so the water tastes better.

Also these systems are small enough to fit almost anywhere in the home. The main concern is that these do not remove the calcium and so water spots are still formed on tiles and sinks.

Preferred Models

SafeWater Softeners
When it becomes obvious that there are problems in the home because of the residue the water leaves, or the smell of the water, obviously the water has gotten harder over the years and it’s time to look at a Catalytic Water Softener.

These systems are easy to install and can generally be done in less than an hour, and they are efficient enough to remove some of the existing deposits of scale that are already loading the pipes.

These systems are different from the salt based water purification systems in that they don’t eliminate healthy minerals in order to make the water softer. In addition they use no chemicals or resins to trap the minerals and soften the water, which makes this a more reliable system.

There were no reviews on specifically identified models. The customers, who provided comments, generally said they were quite happy with the results from this type of water softener, economical, and a great system.

Best Water Softener
To get water softener systems that require little to no maintenance, is salt-free, and provides soft water throughout the home, the Best Water Softener’s provides a Catalytic Water Softener that is one of the top brands of catalytic products for water on the market.

It needs no electricity, regeneration, re-charging, or backwashing and it is only 16 inches in length with a five inch diameter; making installation quite easy. The system changes the charge of the chemical structure of the calcium carbonate to ensure great water.

This is a compact system that’s priced at $695 and is a system that contains a core that built with an alloy that is non-sacrificial, meaning it is long lasting and won’t wear out.

It prevents the buildup of lime scale and keeps the healthy minerals in the water, and leaves the water with a great, healthy flavor. At this time, there are no reviews for this product from consumers, either positive or negative.

Zeta Core
One of the most unique water softener systems is the Zeta-Core system. It was built with semi-precious metals that are formed in an alloy core that treat exceedingly hard water, even up to 1700 ppm, and is one of the most unique Catalytic Water Softener.

The most common problem in pipes is the build-up and it’s a problem with minerals begin collecting is different areas of the pipes and bind together, and with this system they are inert and will not accumulate.

This particular model helps eliminate calcium, lime scale, corrosion, and rust in the pipes preventing restriction of flow with high turbulence and increased contact between the ions and water molecules.

The impurities are heavier and are trapped, while the clean water is able to continue through the pipes to the various faucets. At this time, there are no reviews identified by any consumers either that the product is good or that there are problems with the various models.

A Catalytic Solution
Some of the worst problems with hard water, lime build-up, foul tasting water, and water that “feels greasy”, can be both unhealthy for the consumer, and problematic for pipes and appliances.

A Catalytic Water Softener system is one of the best solutions for providing great tasting water, and the best benefit of it all is that they don’t introduce more salt or harmful chemicals into the environment, are easily installed, and energy and cost effective.

As a result of the Catalytic process, clothes are cleaner, there is no calcium build up around sinks, showers, or bathtubs, and water tastes good.


One of the best techniques uses Carbon Water Filters to remove the harmful molds, spores, microorganisms, bacteria, minerals, and other contaminants for elimination.

There are two very important aspects that make these carbon filters work:– the amount of time it takes the water to flow through the system and the amount of carbon in the filter.

When the water is flowing slowly through the unit the impurities are exposed to the carbon filters longer which means more are absorbed into the filter and the water is cleaned better, making a very effective method of cleaning.

Process of Elimination
There are many types of water purification systems that fit either under the sink, on a countertop, or fit on the water lines coming into the house that use one method that is the most effective to remove the impurities and contaminants

These systems utilize carbon because they have the capability to attract and trap more than 500 contaminants that are found in many sources of drinking water. These Carbon Water Filters help remove rust, dirt, and silt because the micron filtration system uses a dense carbon based filter to attract these impurities.

When these pollutants are eliminated, the water tastes much better, and it’s certainly more comforting knowing that no one in the house is ingesting these awful microorganisms.

Omni GAC1-SS Taste/Odor Carbon Water Filter
When the water looks “cloudy” and tastes bad, it’s probably due to impurities in the water, and this means it’s time to get a carbon water filter to clean the contaminants from the water.

Since this filter costs under $15, the Omni GAC1-SS that fits under the sink and utilizes one of the best method for removing many of the microorganisms, dirt, rust, and other impurities in the water to make it clean and better tasting.

This method also helps eliminate that chlorine, sulfur, or “rotten egg” odor that is present in some water supply systems and by using one of these Carbon Water Filters, the water just tastes better.

This technique works because as the water is pushed through the filter, the carbon attracts and holds these impurities in the water, and clean water continues through the pipes and into the drinking glass or the pan. A variety of consumers stated that they were quite happy with this filter.

Crystal Clear Whole House Carbon Block Water Filter
Since many doctors recommend drinking eight glasses of water a day, sometimes this is exceedingly difficult because the water simply tastes so bad.

There are a variety of methods that can help clean the water, and entice family members to drink more water by using a purification method.

This system contains a cartridge that is a carbon blocking unit that removes many microorganisms, chemicals, and other impurities that makes the water taste and smell bad.

This system can clean up to 12,000 gallons of impure water before the carbon filter has to be replaced, and it can eliminate a variety of rust, dirt, and silt sediments.

These Carbon Water Filters are a great solution for clean water. This unit costs under $100 and weighs under eight pounds and is one of the easiest systems to install.

At this time, there are no reviews from any consumers regarding the efficiency of the system, nor are there any positive or negative comments.

Flow-Pur #8 Carbon Block Filter Cartridge
Since some consumers are more mobile than others, this Flow-Pur #8 Carbon Block Filter Cartridge can be effectively installed in motor homes, RVs, and boats and cost under $10.

Since most RV-ers are generally quite mobile, and are hooking up to local water supplies all over the country, there’s no consistency in the contaminants in the water from one place to the next.

The most reliable method of eliminating the chlorine, solvents, dirt, rust, ammonia, sulfur, and other bad tastes in the drinking water is to install one of these Carbon Water Filters that eliminate, or at least reduce the impurities in the drinking water.

Since carbon is one of the best substances to attract and trap many of the contaminants found in the water supply system in many communities across the country, using these carbon filters is the most reliable method for purifying water.

Currently, there have been no customers who have purchased this system provide compliments or complaints.

Getting the Most Out of the Water
Getting the health benefits from the water, in many areas of the country means getting the most contaminants, impurities, and pollutants out of the water before it is really safe for drinking and adds to the healthy aspect of drinking water.

There are many methods of cleaning water, and getting these chemicals, minerals, and microorganisms removed, and many of them are quite effective

However, one of the most cost effective, easiest, and most thorough means of cleaning the water is to use one of these Carbon Water Filters. They are an easy way to get great tasting and healthier water.


Since 1947, the Clack Corporation has been owned by one family designing, building and distributing clack water supply systems for commercial and home use.

They have a large manufacturing facility in Rogers, Arkansas, and their home office is in Windsor, Wisconsin, but their customers are located in many countries around the planet.

As a company, they manufacture all the components for the mineral and brine tanks including the valves that control the flow of water and the delivery systems.

Clack water supply system use a specialized manifold design that is patented and works efficiently with multiple stage filtration and reverse osmosis systems.

Some of these systems are designed to fit underneath a counter or sink, while others are easily placed on a countertop. They have various other filters that include filters that reduce lead, sediment, and carbon, plus ceramic filtration systems, and Ultraviolet light disinfection systems. They will actually devise custom systems.

Softening Hard Water
Generally water softeners work to remove the calcium and other minerals that build up in the lines and damage the plumbing and appliances, often leaving disgusting residues. The Clack Water Supply use a metered type of system that measures the quantity of water used.

The regeneration cycle is accomplished by using tiny “beads” covered with salt ions that attract the magnesium and calcium particles that are prevalent in hard water. As these calcium particles attach themselves to the resin beads, the saline ions are released back into the water; leaving it softer.

When all the resin beads have collected the unwanted particles and released the salt, the undesired particles are flushed down the drain, and the system regenerates the beads.

Best Clack Models

Clack 1.5 CWS150ME Metered Softener
When looking for a system that’s cost effective and economical this Clack 1.5 CWS150ME Metered Softener is one of the best systems. This system is completely automatic and the metered controls are all electronic with an easy to use viewing panel.

This Clack Water Supply utilizes the advanced electronic monitoring controls to determine exactly how much water has been used and regenerate accordingly.

This is an excellent choice when water usage is inconsistent from one week to the next and wastes much less water and salt than a timed system for variable usage.

The system is designed with a cyclone resin scrubber that efficiently generates a whirlwind effect inside the tank to thoroughly ensure all resin beads are fully saturated. This system has a dual tank system that is priced around $812.

The system weights 125 pounds and is generally placed under a countertop or under a sink. Currently there are no reviews on this product either complementary or negative.

Clack 2.0 CWS200ME Metered Softener
Frequently when customer have determined that they have a hard water problem based on slime buildup, odorous water, or other indications of hard water, yet they want a system that is economical, the Clack Water Supply generally meets this customer’s needs.

This unit is fully automatic with advanced metered controls all with an efficient viewing panel. Sophisticated electronic sensors are used to measure the quantity of water before the regeneration process starts.

When water usage is unpredictable from one week to the next, less water and salt are wasted. This system has a two tank system and costs approximately $854.

One of the unique features of this system is a cyclone resin scrubber that powerfully generates a twister effect within the tank to fully saturate all of the resin beads. The system weights 154 pounds and is in most cases fits under a countertop or in a closet.


To compare water softener models, it is important to check the background of each model. To do this, you need to look, not just at the models, but also at the companies that manufacture them.

When it comes to home appliances, there are often some brands that stand out over other in terms of the trust they manage to establish among homeowners. So to compare water softener brands, check out these top three most trusted brands.

Top Brand #1: Pelican Water Technologies
Pelican Water Technologies is considered a professional in the industry. It is one of the most innovative companies that produce top-of-the-line water softeners and water filters.

The best thing about the company, which has been in the business since 1972, is that it does not just produce water softeners. It develops water softening technologies that effectively clean water and ensure consumer safety. And environmentalists will also support Pelican Water Technologies, which is known for its focus on environment-friendly products.

Headquartered at South Daytona, Florida, Pelican Water Technologies offer a wide variety of water treatment systems under different lines, all of which are backed by one ingenious technology after another.

The Best from Pelican: Pelican NaturSoft Salt Free
And the best example of these ingenious water technologies that Pelican comes up with is the NaturSoft series. The NaturSoft Salt Free Water Softener for 3 to 6 bathrooms is a bestselling model with a 4-star rating on Amazon.

It is considered to be the most environment-friendly water treatment system on the market. Aside from that, it is also a smart machine that distinguishes between healthy minerals and the particles and compounds that need to go. Thus, your water is cleansed of any unwanted contaminants, but the healthy minerals stay.

The Pelican NaturSoft Salt Free is also easy and cost-efficient to use; it does not require electricity or corrosive salts that can somehow affect the quality of natural ground water. It also prevents wasted water because it does not require backwashing.

The NaturSoft is also WQA Gold Seal Certified and third party tested for its scale prevention ability. All these in a convenient, space-saving single tank system only from one of the best brands you will come across when you compare water softener brands and models.

Top Brand #2: Crystal Quest
Crystal Quest is a subsidiary of Quest Technologies and is one of the most trusted water treatment brands with a flourishing worldwide customer base.

For the past 30 years, Crystal Quest has been developing high-quality water treatment systems for both the consumer and the commercial markets.They are also known for their environment-friendly products that protect the water quality of the world from deteriorating.

As for Crystal Quest products, these are mostly well-known for innovative designs and advanced engineering – two factors that set Crystal Quest water softeners apart from the competition. Crystal Quest should always be in the picture every time you compare water softener brands.


Emmett Culligan founded Culligan in 1936. The company offers the most technologically advanced products that boast state-of-the-art designs. Their entire line of Culligan Water Softeners has set a standard in the water treatment industry. Its presence in over 90 countries and a strong 800 dealership network speaks volumes about its expertise and popularity.

These water softeners make a dramatic change to the water you use. The appliances work efficiently and last longer. There are no scale build-ups once these are installed to the sinks and faucets. The soft water produced by them wash clothes that are cleaner and brighter. Hard water is not good for drinking or taking bath.

These units create water that improves the taste of water and make your skin smoother and hair silkier. Your grocery bills are less as you start using less detergent and soap. This translates into the fact that you save money besides helping the environment.

Culligan HF-360 Whole House Sediment Filter Clear Housing
This Culligan Water Softener takes care of your entire home’s washing needs. It extends the life of your washing machines, water heaters and various other household appliances. The model features Culligan’s patented technology that allows for easy water filter cartridge replacement. The appliance can be quickly and easily installed. It is priced under $35.

Customers who bought this product said they are impressed by its durability. It has been working for over 6 years without trouble. According to them it took just five minutes to get installed and all that was required to install it were two threaded adapters which can be bought at less than $1.

Consumers loved the fact that the water is crystal clear. They also added that it is durable and accepts wider cartridges from different brands, which allows you to choose from a large variety of replacement filters. This Culligan unit uses less salt and doesn’t require electricity.

Culligan Gold Series
These Culligan Water Softeners are a perfect choice for households that are looking to improve their daily water needs. The model boasts innovative features and state-of-the-art design. The design can be customized to meet your suitability.

It features the patented Aqua-Sensor technology which monitors the water quality and then optimizes the amount of water or salt that has to be generated each time. The process in turn saves water, money and time. The product is of unmatched quality and durability. It is for large households and is priced under $2300.

Customers who have bought this unit are happy with the product and say that it works extremely well for their large households. However some customer concerns are that these are expensive and can’t be afforded easily. Some consumers say that it is the best investment you can make because the company has a technology that is backed with 70 years of experience.

Culligan Medalist Series
These Culligan Water Softeners are actually made for your business establishments. This series is available as an outdoor system. You can fit it inside the Culligan’s weather resistant UL-certified enclosure which will protect it from rough weather and temperature outside.

The models in this series are designed with no corrosive material and thus they are durable. The water flow rate is high and the water softener regenerates when it is essential. Apart from that it is also an economical solution for large homes and small businesses. It is priced under $2000.

Customers who bought this Culligan Water Softener were satisfied with their purchase. They said that the company people are not too pushy in selling their products but just offered their advice and let you decide. While the brand is expensive, it is worth the money because it reduces use of soaps and detergents and produces soft water that doesn’t leave scales. Overall, they have had amazing experience and their units are working well from a long time.

Overall, the Culligan Water Softeners are as good as the company claims them to be. Though on an expensive side, these units are easy to maintain. You can expect excellent performance from these units apart from durability. Since the company is in the market from over 70 years you can believe in their water treatment technology. The products have the demand based regeneration system which means that they are able to regenerate only when necessary.

The water produced removes all scale build-up from the pipes thereby increasing the life of your appliances such as dishwasher, water heater and washing machine. Culligan man is a certified and trained technician who will come to your help for installing, servicing, testing and replacing defective parts. Eventually with a Culligan Water Softener you will save on detergents and other cleaning agents.


The Doulton water filters are manufactured in the UK in a certified ISO 9000 facility. They offer a range of water systems right from point-of-use drinking water systems for residential use to portable gravity water filters.

Why Doulton Filters are Good
A Doulton water filter treats your tap water efficiently by removing bacteria and sediments. After their removal other water contaminants like harmful chemicals are removed.

The units comprise of a 3 stage sub-micron ceramic filter that helps in eliminating unsafe pathogenic bacteria. Aside from that chlorine, organic chemicals, suspended particles, hydrogen sulphide and heavy metals are also removed.

This water purifier supplies unlimited amount of water through a special set of faucets. There units are so designed that you need to do just one time purchase and they will last for a lifetime.

The filters contain ceramic candles which can be easily cleaned and are cost effective. In case of multi stage units, cartridges are disposable and economical.

Top Models of Doulton water filters
Ceramic Under-counter Water Filter with Doulton Ultracarb Cartridge

This water purifier is a combination of ceramic filter filtration properties and activated carbon. Water gets filtered in 3 stages. In the 1st stage, Doulton sterasyl ceramic filters provide sub micron filtration and reduce bacteria, cysts and particulate matter.

There is a silver lining in the ceramic filters which provides them with enhanced sterilizing properties. The 2nd stage involves activated carbon block removing chlorine and organic compounds and the 3rd stage comprises of ion exchange in which heavy metals are reduced.

There is no requirement of additional faucets. Some customers feel that water is very clean and is devoid of odors. The filter can be cleaned and reused easily.

Even though this product has many features, it lacks documentation on what it can filter, according to some customers. Another problem is that its plastic handle in the back is stiffer.

Custom Double Under-counter Water Filter Purifier with Doulton Ceramic
This model comprises of a KDF/GAC cartridge and a special contaminant filter cartridge. The sterasyl ceramic filter removes harmful bacteria like E. coli and Salmonella. It reduces sediments to 0.9 micron. You can clean the cartridge up to 30 times.

Its capacity is 12,000 gallons. Unlike many other filters it leaves the beneficial minerals such as calcium, sodium and magnesium in water. The unit can be installed easily and you have to charge the filters early or depending on the water usage.

Customers who have bought this Doulton water filter are quite satisfied with its services. According to them, they are easy to install and the water tastes good. It is inexpensively priced at $188.

Doulton Countertop Water Filter
This is a 4-stage water filter which filters water with the help of exclusive carbon block technology. Its capacity is 600 gallons and you have to replace the filter annually. Its filters are washable and this feature prolongs their life.

The Ultracarb filter can remove 99.99% of live parasites. The 4 stage filter also reduces asbestos fibers, dirt, mold, spores and algae apart from removing chlorine from water. It is a compact and versatile filter that gets attached to you regular faucet.

It is a free standing countertop filter that includes an O-ring for housing, a diverter valve and a two faucet spout adapters. This Doulton water filter can be used for cold water only. With a flow rate of ½ gallons per minute, the system can be used by large families.

However, it has a few disadvantages like it takes counter space and this can be a problem if you have small kitchens. Also, you may need the help of a handyman to install it and align it with your existing water line. It is reasonably priced at $169.

Abundance of Good Features
Overall Doulton water filter with its Ultracarb ceramic filter is liked by many customers due to the ease of cleaning and installation. Most of the other products offer a 3-stage filtration, but this water purifier offers 4-stage filtration, ensuring that the filtered water is clean, safe and sparkling.


Drinking water filters are some of the most important types of filters you must have at home. The greatest harm that contaminated water can cause is to put your health at risk.

So if you don’t think you need whole house water filters, make sure to at least use drinking water filters.

According to several water tests, water is easily contaminated by lead, chlorine, metals, VOCs, and giardia and cryptosporidium cysts, among many other contaminants.

Lead is associated with learning disabilities, while VOCs and cysts can lead to cancers and other extremely harmful diseases.

Do not dismiss the need for these filters; after all, you have plenty of options to choose from, so you can select the type of filter that works best for you.

Your Options And the Inner Workings of Drinking Water Filters

1. PUR CRF-950Z 2-Stage Water Pitcher Replacement Filter, 3-Pack – Convenience In a Pitcher

Most people who decide to buy drinking water filters usually go out for a pitcher model first. Pitcher water filters come with an activated carbon filter on top, which filters the water before it is poured out of the pitcher.

Once you fill the pitcher with water, wait a while for the water to be filtered, then you can pour it out. These filters require changing every month.

2. Culligan FM-15A Level 3 Faucet Filter Guaranteed In Every Drop.

If you don’t want to keep changing the filters every month, use a faucet filter instead, which is more convenient. All you have to do is attach the filter to your faucet so the water get filtered before it comes out from your tap.

You can also avail of a faucet filter that gives you the option to simply turn off the filtration when you do not need drinking water.

3. Countertop Water Filters – Easy-Install Filters

There are also countertop water filters, which need to be attached to your faucet and works just like faucet filters. The main disadvantage is that these filters take up space on your counter. However, these filters are effective removers of water contamination.

4. Under Counter Water Filters – Space Savers

And now comes the option to hide the water filter under the counter. The disadvantage is that these are harder to install; you may need to call a plumber to do it for you. But on the plus side, the filter is hidden from view. You can also save a lot of space, as well as save your household from the dangers of water.

5. Reverse Osmosis Water Filters – Guaranteed Water Cleansing

Most water filters use activated carbon technology. However, if you live in an area with high concentration of nitrates and percolates in your drinking water, a carbon filter is not enough.

You would have to upgrade to reverse osmosis drinking water filters that can take care of these dangers, though these systems are less efficient because they require a lot of water.

The Market’s Top Players

1. Brita

Brita is a well-known brand often associated to clean and pure drinking water. It is considered as the world’s top brand when it comes to household water filtration. Brita products effectively clean water, save money, and efficiently use energy.

Brita has a full range of pitcher filters, faucet filters, and even filters specifically designed to be attached to refrigerators. The company also has a filter recycling program, making it an eco-friendly choice.

One of Brita’s best and most affordable models is the Brita Aqualux Water Pitcher, rated 4.6 out of 5 by Amazon. The package includes 1 pitcher and 1 filter, with an Electronic Filter Change indicator that tells you when you need to replace the filter.

For clean and better tasting drinking water free for up to 98% of impurities, this is one of your best and most affordable options.

2. Culligan FM-15A Level 3 Faucet Filter

Culligan is one of the most trusted names in the industry of water filtration. Their systems answer to drinking water needs as well as to various water filtration needs. Culligan has been making high-quality products since 1936, and now services over 90 countries across the globe.

Culligan’s promise lies in its expertise, market credibility, and state-of-the-art filtration technologies. Culligan’s selection of drinking water filters, which include Aqua-Cleer, Preferred Series, and Good Water, can fit various needs and budgets in every home.

3. Aquasana AQ-4500 Complete Under Counter Water Filter System

Aquasana is the name behind Consumer’s Digest Best Buy water filter winner. Aquasana has been in the industry for 15 years, and in the process has come up with 17 patented water filtration technologies.

The name itself, Aquasana, is the Latin translation for “water to heal,” a fitting description of the company’s mission to provide only pure and clean water for homes worldwide.

Brita Water Filter – Not Your Ordinary Water Filter
Brita is the name of highly effective water filters that go a long way in protecting homeowners. So when it comes to drinking water, no other name handles it better than a Brita water filter.

Commercial Drinking Water Filters – Ready for the Heavy Task
Do you have bigger water purification needs for commercial settings? If so, it is highly important to find commercial drinking water filters that’s up for the challenge.

Everpure Water Filters – Technology Needs More Room for Improvement
Water is an essential component of your daily life. Drinking water needs to extra pure to keep health hazards at bay and this is what Everpure water filters do. Read on our guide for more information.

Pitcher Water Filters – Cool Systems for Small Water Solutions
Pitcher water filters conveniently provide clean and safe drinking water for your family. There are quite a few popular brands which sell these filters. Read on our guide to find out which is the best.

Carbon Water Filters – The Best Method to Eliminate Impurities in the Water
When the microorganisms are swimming in the drinking water, the water tastes or smells bad, it’s time to get the water cleaned and purified with a system utilizing, carbon water filters.


An electric water purifier is a must-have for any frequent traveler, especially for those who have a love for the outdoors. These are convenient water purifiers that you can bring around with you for instant purification of any type of water you come across with before you consume it. With an electric purifier, you can be sure that no dirty, impure water passes through and gets into your system.

Why You Need One
Traveling will expose you to the water supply of many different places, most of which you are not familiar with and you are not accustomed to consuming. This means that your body becomes extremely vulnerable to any foreign particles in the water you drink.

Regardless of whether you get water from a hotel or you’re camping and you source water from streams, you can still never be too sure about the quality of the water you drink.

When traveling or camping, lugging bottled water around is expensive and heavy. Aside from that, the use of bottled water is fast becoming an environmental risk. So what’s the best option? Get yourself an electric water purifier.

Highly Recommended Electric Purifiers
There are three highly recommended and quite popular electric water purifier models that you should prioritize as you shop around and compare the various offers in the market. To help speed up your decision-making, here they are.

1. SteriPEN Classic Handheld Water Purifier -– Your Personal Water Protector

Of all the electric water purifier offers in the market, the SteriPEN Classic Handheld Water Purifier is hands down the most popular, the bestseller, the most recommended, and the most reviewed. According to Amazon, the SteriPEN Classic, which it sells for just $69.95, is worthy of 4.5 stars.

The SteriPEN Classic can purify 16 ounces and 32 ounces of water in just 48 seconds and 90 seconds, respectively. All you have to do to get clean and purified water anywhere is to just press the button on the pen and wait for it to automatically shut off.

Upon shut off, that means your water is purified. And that’s all it takes to clean your water and free it from viruses, protozoa, bacteria, pathogens that can cause various illnesses, and even the cysts giardia and cryptosporidium.

Thus, it is known to protect effectively against diarrhea, hepatitis, Legionnaire’s Disease, bird flu, influenza, salmonella, cholera, typhoid, and other illnesses that can be picked up from bacteria in dirty contaminated water.

The SteriPEN Classic is also a unique purifier in general because instead of the usual technologies used in purification, the SteriPEN Classic instead uses the innovative UV light, which does not bring any harmful effects to the environment and does not affect the taste of the water.

It does not use chemicals, filters that have to be replaced, and so on. For this, it exceeds the guidelines for water purifiers set by the United State EPA. All you really need are 4 AA batteries and you’re good to go.

2. MSR MIOX Purifier – For Family Trips

Another quite popular electric water purifier is the MSR MIOX Purifier, which works just like the SteriPEN Classic, except that it does not use UV light. Instead, it uses an electrical charge that generates a salt-based solution that effectively kills viruses found in water.

This device was developed in close collaboration with the U.S. military, MSR being Mountain Safety Research, and provides exceptional water purification in a light, carry-along size.The MSR MIOX Purifier offers certain advantages over the SteriPEN; it can be used to purify even larger amounts of water in a single batch.

However, purification may take longer depending on how thorough you want it to be. For example, the MSR MIOX can take up to 30 minutes to kill off giardia and 4 hours to kill off cryptosporidium. To use, just add water to the small purifier, shake it, then press a button.

This is enough work to get rid of viruses, bacteria, and cysts in your water. It can also remove pesticides, protozoa, herbicides, chemicals, and even VOCs. It works to protect you against health risks but without changing the taste of your water.

For easy water purification anywhere minus the pump and minus the hassle, get an MSR MIOX Purifier and store it in your car so you will have clean and purified water all the time, wherever you go.

3. Katadyn Pocket Water Microfilter – Your Trusty Water Companion

Another great electric water purifier type is the Pocket Water Microfilter from Katadyn. Katadyn is a quite well-known brand in the industry. Its Pocket Water Microfilter electric purifier won an impressive 4.8-star rating though it may not be as popular as the SteriPEN Classic perhaps due to its $234 price tag.

Nonetheless, Katadyn Pocket Water Microfilter is heavily recommended. Though portable and easy to bring along, it does not just purify water for one person. Instead, it can purify enough water for up to 4 persons.

This is a great companion for group camping and trekking experiences. Its heavy duty construction makes sure that the Katadyn will be along for the entire ride, even when exposed to harsh circumstances.

To purify water, it uses a ceramic filter element that easily kills of protozoa and bacteria, even when water is cloudy. This ceramic filter element is also very easy to clean and maintain; you can use it hundreds of times without having to replace anything.

It can also produce large quantities of purified water, so there will be enough for all. And you’ll be surprised to know that for a pocket water filter, the Katadyn actually comes with a 20-year warranty.

This is the sturdiest in the market, and if you are serious about your camping expeditions and your travels, this will be your trusty electric water purifier wherever you go.


Many consumers today purchase a Faucet Water Purifier because they are inexpensive, easy to maintain, and don’t require replacing large quantities of salt or other chemicals. Generally these units take under 60 minutes to install and provide clean water for up to six months, depending on the use.

These systems generally feature two filters, one to get rid of chlorine, solvents, pollutants, chlorine, and other parasites and microorganisms that are unhealthy to ingest. Most of these filters utilize activated charcoal that more efficient absorb unwanted materials such as contaminants such as lead, mercury, and other pollutants, even poisonous gases are absorbed by the carbon filters.

Another style that is popular today is reverse osmosis where the water is forced though a membrane that removes the contaminants and separates the water into another tank – not really a great solution for setting on top of a faucet, but effective for other methods.

Best Advice
For many people who have determined they need a Faucet Water Purifier there are several things that should be understood before purchasing one to ensure that the best choice is made. First ask the local water department for a “Municipal Drinking Water contaminant Analysis Report” to determine what is contained in the treated water.

Second determine how much water is used in the household per day, and generally this varies to some degree each day, so an average should be sufficient. This combination determines if the device should be a faucet mounted filter, or a larger filtration system that utilizes carbon filter, or a countertop model. Once this is determined, determine a budget and remember to include replacement filter’s cost.

Recommended Models

Culligan FM15-A Level 3 Faucet Filter
The most highly recommend manufacturer is Culligan for Faucet Water Purifier systems, and this FM15-A Level 3 Faucet Filter is small and fits on current faucets in the home, and no special tools are required.

This model offers a choice of filtered or unfiltered water by switching a valve diverter and it provides up to 200 gallons of water for each filter. This system diminishes spores, chlorine, giardia cysts, lead, and other pollutants that cause foul odors and tastes costing under $30.

This device weighs only a pound and is easily installed in a matter of minutes. It is NSF certified to improve the taste of the water and eliminate unhealthy contaminants and pollutants, as well as microorganisms.

There are numerous customer reviews regarding this product and the majority of them are very happy with this filter and it doesn’t leak. The main complaints were that it didn’t properly fit the type of faucet the consumer had on their sink.

PUR 3-Stage Vertical Faucet Mount Chrome FM-3700B
This system is the next generation of faucet-mounted Faucet Water Purifier from PUR. It is made of a high-quality, durable plastic, and is easily installed. Even removal from the faucet is simplified by pushing a button. It’s the most dependable way to get clean, filterer, pure water simply and quickly for less than $30, and it weighs a mere 18 ounces.

This system utilizes a sediment wrap to remove dirt, sand, and rust, followed by a carbon microfilter to eliminate giardia cysts, lead, chlorine and other microorganisms. Finally the water is sluiced over natural minerals to provide great tasting water.

A built-in indicator keeps track of the amount of life left in the filter that provides around 100 gallons of water per filter, in most households this lasts around two or three months.

There are many consumer comments regarding this faucet filter, and most say that it works quite well; unfortunately, it is easily broken and cracks appeared very soon.

Watts 500315 Counter-Top Drinking Water Filter
When the water tastes bad and smells worse, it’s time to get a Faucet Water Purifier system, and the Watts 500315 model utilizes a coconut-shell carbon filter to clean and purify the water. It’s great for the home kitchen, but works quite well for RVs and campers too.

It is easily installed and fits in a small area connecting directly to the existing faucet at the sink by using a valve that reroutes the water into the purifier before exiting the faucet. Most consumers can install this device within a few moments.

This system eliminates sediment, rust, and sand as well as eliminating that awful chlorine or sulfur taste that is in the water in many areas of the country. Another bonus is that is costs less than $50, and eliminates the need to buy bottled water, and pays for itself in short order.

Customer reviews stated that it does a good job, but is not a very attractive unit.

Easy to Install and Tastes Great
Each of these systems attach to the faucet on the sink, and getting a Faucet Water Purifier provides clear, clean, cool drinking water that is affordable and eliminates the need to purchase bottled water.

These systems remove microorganisms in the water including the giardia cysts and a variety of bacteria in addition to the impurities brought about by pollution, lead, and chlorine that is added at the water treatment facilities. These systems are cost effective and also remove many of the odors that are the water in some areas. It’s a healthier idea to drink plenty of clean water daily.