As per the reports published by World Health Organization, almost eight countries Argentina, Costa Rica, Iraq, Morocco, Oman, Paraguay, Sri Lanka and the United Arab Emirates have reported zero cases of malaria in the year 2014. Almost all countries in the European region also reported zero incidences of malaria in the year 2015. World Health Organization with an ambitious drive to eradicate malaria from 35 countries is all set to declare a World Malaria Day. Almost 21 countries are in a position to eliminate malaria by 2020. To achieve this goal, the World Health Assembly approved a global technical strategy for eradication of malaria by 2030.
The strategy in its first phase is planning to eliminate the transmission of malaria in ten countries. The Director of the World Health Organization Global Malaria Program, Dr. Pedro Alonso highlights a list of countries who are working hard to eliminate malaria. Saving lives remain the top priority in Africa where the incidence of malaria is higher. With medical and technological advancements, fundamental malaria control tools are employed widely. Bed nets treated with insecticides, residual spraying, rapid diagnostic tools and artemisinin-based combination treatments are some of the universally employed antimalarial tools. But the efficacy of the insecticides still remains questionable.
Mosquitoes have acquired immense resistance to the sprayed insecticides over the years. This mandates the need for new antimalarial tools. The European Medicines Agency have voiced a positive scientific opinion on a vaccine for malaria in the previous year. World Health Organization has endorsed the conduct of pilot projects with the malaria vaccine at a larger level. Apart from medical breakthroughs, enough funding and strong political commitment are required to eradicate malaria completely. It is the role of the government to toughen the malaria surveillance process. As many countries are looking forward to eliminating malaria, it is important to identify and prevent every infection.