There are two (2) different types of water pumps used to provide water to your home or business Submersible and Jet Wall pumps. We have the products and knowledge to install, replace, or repair a water system that fits your needs.
Submersible well pumps are long cylinders usually 3 to 5 inches in diameter and 2 to 4 feet long. Submersible pumps can be set several hundred feet deep in the well if needed. The electric motor and the pump are installed as one unit in the water in the well. An electric cable is attached to the motor, and a pipe comes up the well from the pump to the top of the well. When the pump switches on, the motor runs and turns a series of impellers that push water up out of the well. A submersible well pump delivers more water – and more pressure – compared to a jet well pump of the same horsepower.
Jet Well Pumps
Jet well pumps are not installed in the water and may be installed in or outside of a 24″ bored well or outside of a 6″ drilled well. A jet well pump provides less water per minute and less pressure than a submersible well pump of the same horsepower. Jet pumps use more electricity than submersible pumps.
Shallow Well Jet Pumps
Jet pumps work by pumping water under pressure through an ejector into a discharge pipe coming up from the well. As the jet of high pressure water is forced into the discharge pipe, it creates a vacuum and causes water to be drawn from the well. Back at the surface, some of the water is piped to the plumbing system and some is routed back to the ejector to raise more water from the well. Shallow well jet pumps are not effective at depths below 25 ft at sea level but have the advantage of having no working parts down the well and so can be used in narrow diameter wells. Shallow well pumps have one pipe going down in the well into the water.
Deep Well Jet Pumps
Deep well jet pumps are similar to shallow well jet pumps but the ejector is installed down the well instead of being attached to the pump. Deep well jet pumps can pull water from depths of 90 ft. Deep well jet pumps have two pipes going down in the well into the water.
Pump Tanks or water storage tanks are used in conjunction with well pump water systems. There are different sizes and different material types – either – fiberglass or steel. The proper size pump tank to use with a water system depends on the GPM (gallons per minute) of water a water pump will pump at a given water pressure. It is best for a pump to run at least 1 minute when it cuts on and before it cuts off to prevent motor damage. Constant starting and stopping of a pump is the primary reason for failure of the water pump’s motor. Sometimes the pump tank may be water logged (tank completely full of water) to be the cause of pump cutting on & off to often. If so, the pump tank needs to be replaced with the correct size tank. The proper way to size a pump tank for a water pump can be performed by using this chart.