Ortho 1.11-for soldiers









Invisalign Braces Before And After

Invisalign Braces Before And After

Here ar Top 10 Tips for Invisalign Braces that would help individuals in derivation the most out of this innovative orthodontic technology.

1.One of the most important tips out of Top 10 Tips for Invisalign Braces is to keep clean non just the teeth but also the aligners. The boilersuit hygienics of mouth will keep teeth in their best health plus will also make the braces look clean and clear always.

2.The presence of the aligners in mouth gives more hiding corners to food particles. When food particles sit for too long in mouth or on teeth, they can cause many oral and dental problems such as bad breath, discoloration of teeth, swollen gums, and cavities. The patients moldiness make habit of regularly removing plaque during Invisalign treatment to gain superior results within short span of treatment.

3.While cleansing teeth, pay considerable time and attention towards each tooth. Brush them well by paying individual attention towards every individual tooth. Pay extra care attention to those spots where there is contact between teeth and the unseeable aligners. The angles, nooks and corners have to be cleaned really well; lest the hidden food will lead to foul smell and decay in mouth. Buy angulate toothbrush to clean teeth as well as braces properly.

4.Consider cleaning of your teeth and Invisalign braces as one the most important aspect of the Top 10 Tips for Invisalign Braces. Clean frontal as well hidden surface of your teeth as that is the exact place where brass will start getting deposited. Also clean the gums with finger softly to keep them hygienically fit.

5.Make a point to clean teeth and Invisalign braces particularly after every meal. Do not let food decay in mouth and form harmful bacteria. If brush is non possible after every meal, then rinse mouth well just as if you are flossing your teeth.

6.Keep your teeth and braces’ cleaning devices handy and easily accessible. If they are going to be in your sight, you ar going to remain elysian and enthusiastic to follow the cleanup regimen. While traveling, prepare a pouch or a handy bag that will house every thing that you would require for dental cleaning.

7.Another idea out of Top 10 Tips for Invisalign Braces is to consult an expert orthodontist before deciding to avail the treatment of these braces. A believable and a well experient orthodontist would give you the best possible advice after scrutinizing the actual condition of your teeth.

8.Remove the aligners before feeding food otherwise food particles will get stuck making them foul smelling and stained. The aligners have to be unbroken in good shape and condition as they ar going to remain sitting on our teeth for long hours.

9.Patients can request their orthodontist to arrange for them to see computerized simulation of their teeth projections during their Invisalign treatment. This will let the patients get an idea of how their jaw-line and mouth will look like after they wear their braces.

10.Amidst the world of odontology and orthodontists, there are also some of fake and bogus persons who lack any professional cognition of Invisalign braces and befool fleeceable patients.

A trustworthy orthodontist is the first step towards the treatment and its success.

Orthodontic Retainers

Orthodontic Retainers

Orthodontic treatment is a process of moving teeth from one position to another. In doing so, the bone and gum tissue surrounding the teeth have to adapt and adjust to the new tooth position.

The teeth are held into place by many microscopic elastic fibers. These fibers are spread all along the tooth and attach the tooth to the gum tissue, the tooth to the surrounding bone, and the surrounding bone to the gum tissue. They are like tiny rubber bands that hold the tooth in place but allow it to move when pressure is placed on the tooth. If the teeth were not allowed to move, they would crack and break when we bite down on them. These elastic fibers are like the springs and shock absorbers in your car, allowing the car to go over bumps and dips with relative comfort.

After a tooth has been moved through orthodontic treatment, it needs to be held into place. This is where the orthodontic retainer becomes a valuable tool in someone’s orthodontic treatment. Since the elastic fibers around the teeth have been stretched, they will tend to pull the tooth back to it’s original position unless resistance is applied to that tooth. This is the role of the orthodontic retainer.

And since teeth continue to move and shift throughout our lifetime, the orthodontic retainer is generally recommended to be worn many years, in fact many orthodontists recommend lifetime wear of the retainer at least at night.

There are two basic types of retainers: fixed or bonded to tooth (“permanent”) retainers and removable retainers which can be taken out to eat and clean.

Advantages of fixed retainers include:

1) they stay on the teeth all of the time;
2) you don’t have to remember to put them back on after eating.

Disadvantages of fixed retainers include:

1) they can be hard to clean around with brushing and flossing;
2) if they become loose, it can be uncomfortable and the teeth can move out of place quickly.

Advantages of removable retainers include:

1) they can be taken out while eating so there are no restrictions for types of foods eaten;
2) there is nothing in the way to prevent excellent oral hygiene and cleaning of the teeth.

Disadvantages of removable retainers include:

1) they can be taken out and forgotten or lost;
2) if not worn regularly, the teeth can move out of position.

Since retainers are such an important part of the orthodontic treatment, it is important to take good care of them. Well taken care of retainers can last many years. Patients report back that even 20 years later they are still wearing the same retainers they were given after they completed their orthodontic treatment.

Caring for orthodontic retainers is quite easy. Following are recommendations for the successful care of orthodontic retainers:

1) Brush the retainers daily with toothpaste;
2) Store the retainers while not wearing in a dilute mixture of mouth rinse with water;
3) Keep the retainers away from anything hot – like boiling water, the microwave oven, the dashboard of a car;
4) Keep the retainers away from animals, particularly cats and dogs.

Wearing orthodontic retainers will help to maintain the beautiful smile your orthodontist was able to give you. Taking proper care of your retainers will ensure they will last many years to allow you to continue to smile with confidence.

Invisalign Invisible Braces

Invisalign Invisible Braces

Invisalign invisible braces are a great alternative to traditional braces. These are a clear plastic retainer system used to align teeth. Teens and adults especially prefer them to the metal braces. Now there is a way to correct tooth alignment without the embarrassment that can go along with traditional braces. No one needs to know you have them.

The orthodontist will take many pictures and do a bite impression of the teeth. Both of these are used to make a 3-D model of the mouth. A simulation is then done of the way the alignment will take place over time. Finally the custom fitted plastic retainer trays are created to follow the simulation and the position the teeth should be in.

How many trays are needed depends on how much correction and what type of correction of the teeth is required. On average 18 to 30 trays are made for each person. The trays are worn for two weeks then the next tray in the series is worn another two weeks. This will be done continuously until the teeth are in the correct position. The time these are used is the same as with the metal braces. They are worn 24 hours a day unless the person is eating or the teeth are being cleaned.

When the initial trays are in place there may be some discomfort and some time needed to get used to them being in the mouth. There will not be the pain that comes with metal brackets and wires in the mouth. Wax is often needed on them to keep them from making small tears is the soft tissue. The metal braces need special cleaning. The wires require periodic tightening by the dentist. Sports becomes dangerous without a special mouth guard.

The Invisalign braces have none of the problems of the traditional braces. These are made of smooth clear plastic with nothing to cause cuts or irritation. No painful adjustments need to be made. A dental checkup will be necessary to make sure the retainers are doing their job. Unlike with metal braces these can be removed whenever it is necessary.

There are no restricted foods with the Invisalign braces. All favorite foods are still on the menu. With traditional braces popcorn and gum are off limits. With Invisalign just remove the braces before it is time to eat. Clean the teeth and then replace the tray.

Cleaning the teeth is so much easier with the clear retainer trays. With metal braces there is a chance of tooth decay and discoloration. A special tooth brush is needed as well. With the possibility of food being stuck in them there is the complaint of bad breath. Since the trays with Invisalign are removable the teeth can be brushed and flossed as usual.

Realistically the Invisalign invisible braces do cost more than traditional metal braces. But most insurance companies will cover them the same as the traditional ones. The final cost is really determined by how many trays are needed. Since they are invisible being able to continue smiling as usual with complete confidence is priceless.


Invisalign Retainer

Invisalign Retainer

If you recently got Invisalign aligner braces to straighten your teeth, congratulations on taking the first step toward a better smile! Even though your aligner trays ar changed every few weeks, you still need to take good care of them. This article will give you a few pointers.

How to Wear Your Aligner Trays

First of all, wear your aligner trays exactly the way your orthodontist or dentist recommends. Do not wear them for less hours than helium tells you or you will non get the sort of results that are necessary to properly move your teeth. Most dentists recommend wearing the aligners about 80% of each day, taking them out only for eating and cleaning.

Although you will be tempted to eat and drink with your aligner trays in, it may not be comfortable or good for the aligners. If you drink a sugary liquid such as soda, the sugar will stay on your teeth longer because the trays hold the liquid to your teeth. This will give you tooth decay. You cannot drink hot liquids with the trays in, as they may warp the trays. Follow your orthodontist’s instructions and brush your teeth often.

Cleaning Your Invisalign Aligner Trays

Because the aligner trays ar in your mouth for so many hours, they ar uncovered to the same sort of bacteria and brass as your teeth. If you don’t clean your aligner trays regularly, they will soon develop an ugly white buildup of film that can be very hard to remove. The best way to clean your trays is with a commercial cleanup product for that purpose. Some dental offices sell the Invisalign cleansing system. It works very well but is the most expensive cleaner, so not everyone can afford the cleaning crystals.

The SonicBrite system is a very effective cleaner for aligner trays. The transonic bath that comes with the system helps to get the cleaning product into all the little crevices of the aligner and does a very good job at keeping the white buildup away.

Retainer Brite can also be used for aligner trays. As long as you use it on a daily basis, it will non allow the white brass to accumulate on your trays. However, if the white plaque is already there, Retainer Brite won’t remove it, but SonicBrite will.

Occasionally you can soak your aligner trays in a weak solution of h peroxide and water, or even gargle to help kill germs and make it smell fresh. If you are away from home and can’t use a cleansing product, astatine least rinse your trays very well with warm water, and make sure to clean them properly once you get back home.

Use a Retainer Case

If you remove your aligner trays astatine home, you will probably immediately put them into a cup. But when you ar out and about at school or work, you moldiness be sure to use a consideration case. Never wrap your Invisalign aligners in a napkin — that is one sure way to lose it and have it wind up in the trash. A good consideration case solves this problem. Always carry a consideration case with you to store your aligner trays when they ar non in your mouth. Get into the habit of always putt your trays into the case. Invisalign aligners ar expensive, so take good care of them!

Invisible Braces

Invisible Braces

There ar several unlike types of braces. There are the traditional metal ones that cost from $5,000 to $7,000. Tooth colored ceramic braces will cost another(a) five hundred dollars or so. Another type of braces ar called “behind the teeth” braces. They cost two thousand to five thousand dollars. Invisible braces cost much less.

Fortunately, these ar a good alternative to the traditional types of braces. They ar invisible clear plastic trays that accomplish the same results as the other types of braces. What do inconspicuous braces cost? They cost will start astatine $3,500 up to $5,000.

Depending on the severity of the crooked teeth, invisible braces cost an additional five hundred dollars. Go over your dental insurance to see if the insurer will pay for the unseeable braces cost. Adults ar not normally covered for braces under their insurance plan. Your braces should be formed as small as possible.

All the traditional types of braces will be applied with dental glue. Also, sometimes you may need a metal band. There is a piece called an arch wire that goes from bracket to bracket. This wire applies the correct amount of pressure needed to straighten the teeth. You may also require “elastics” that will keep the brackets attached to the wire.

Metal braces take the shortest time period to straighten the teeth. Of course, the metal type will show more than the other types of braces. Ceramic braces ar much less apparent than metal braces, but they will take several months thirster to get the desired results. IBraces use small metal brackets.

They are put in on the tongue side of the mouth so they cannot be seen by others. IBraces and ceramic braces are non recommended for extreme cases. These braces will need to be in the mouth up to four months yearner than metal braces. Clear braces cost much less than other types of braces. Invisible braces ar more comfortable as well.

The teeth will straighten gradually with the clear plastic braces. Clear braces ar switched out for a different shape every two weeks. If you have a severe job with crooked teeth, you can use the invisible braces. However, you will need to follow up with metal braces. You can also have your braces customized. They come in every color you can imagine and you can buy gold plated braces as well. Braces ar also sold in custom shapes and designs. You can buy them in the shape of footballs, flowers, smiley faces and even hearts.

They also make braces in the shape of letters. These custom invisible braces cost up to four hundred dollars more. Don’t forget that unseeable braces cost much less than traditional metal braces. Invisible braces have become more and more popular since their debut in the 1990′s. They ar constantly improving the braces through laboratory testing and patient experience with the braces. Fortunately, there is a dissimilar option other than metal braces. When evaluating how much do braces cost make sure to not just focus on price. While the cost of braces is important, make sure you get the care you deserve.

Root Canals

Root Canals

Until the last century, a decayed or infected tooth was pulled without any thought to saving it. If it wasn’t yanked out, an abscess formed. The pus pocket of poisons caused tremendous pain and could even damage the jawbone. When the abscess broke, the toxins were released into the bloodstream, causing illness. Root canal therapy basically consists of replacing a tooth’s dead nerve and diseased pulp. That means the dentist does not yank out the tooth, he just cleans out the inside of the root.

Once a tooth pushes through the gums and is fully grown, neither the nerve nor the pulp is vitally important to the tooth’s health. The only function of the nerve is to impart the awareness of hot or cold. When the diseased nerve cannot repair itself, it dies – no longer feeling any sensation. The pulp is soft tissue full of nerves and blood vessels. It fills the pulp chamber, which is below the tooth’s crown. It also fills the roots and root canals.

A tooth requiring root canal therapy has such extensive decay that the dentist must put a porcelain crown over the exposed tooth. Depending upon how many teeth are involved and where they are located, he may also discuss the need for a bridge or an implant.

To start the root canal therapy, the dentist will inject a numbing agent near the tooth. Theoretically, the nerve is dead so anesthesia should not be necessary, but most dentists don’t want to take a chance of a patient suddenly jumping in pain. A patient should be totally relaxed and free of pain because the delicate surgery requires minute precision.

It is critical that all the decay and infection is cleaned out of the canals of the root. The dentist drills a hole through the crown of the tooth to gain access into the pulp chamber. He then pulls out the pulp and dead nerve, and refills the chamber and canals with medication that will kill all the bacteria.

On your next visit, the doctor fills the tooth’s pulp chamber and root canals with a rubbery material, then permanently seals the tooth closed with antibacterial cement. Last but not least, he caps the tooth with a crown, usually made of porcelain. The crown is virtually undetectable from the teeth adjacent to it.

People tend to cringe when they are told they need a root canal because the procedure used to have the reputation of being painful. Modern dental technology and new anesthetics, however, mean today’s patients do not have to feel pain. If the tooth was infected before surgery, it may ache mildly for a couple of days. That discomfort will be relieved with over-the-counter painkillers such as aspirin or acetaminophen.

Many teeth that underwent root canal therapy can easily last a person’s lifetime, but the procedure is expensive. The costly investment is worth protecting with at-home oral hygiene and regular dental checkups.

If your dentist is bent on saving and repairing your tooth with root canal therapy, don’t be afraid. A root canal is not scary if you know what to expect (and if you know that it won’t involve a lot of pain). Express any concerns or questions you have with your dentist so he can reassure you.

Straight Teeth Without Braces

Straight Teeth Without Braces

With the abundance of information about orthodontic braces on the Internet, patients usually come into my office already having many ideas about braces. Nevertheless, what they have heard from friends or read online is not always accurate. Here are the top ten myths about braces and orthodontics.

1. My wisdom teeth are making my teeth crooked – You may think that wisdom teeth cause crowding. However, there is very little evidence to support the fact that wisdom teeth cause crowding. If this was true, then your teeth would never get crowded after your wisdom teeth were extracted. In fact, people who never developed wisdom teeth or who had their wisdom teeth removed may still see their teeth get crooked over time. Teeth just tend to drift forward over time regardless of whether or not you have wisdom teeth.

2. Braces have to hurt or feel tight to work- No pain no gain right? Well, not exactly. In the old days, only stiff wires were available. When tied to the dental braces, these stiff wires exerted heavy forces leading to more pain and discomfort for the patient. Now, with new technologies and flexible wires, there is significantly less discomfort associated with tooth movement. These days, you can have straight teeth with minimal discomfort. However, there are always some patients that complain about not having any pain because they think that without pain, their teeth are not moving. Remember, “It does not have to hurt to work!”

3. The tighter the better- A common comment I get from patients is, “Make it tighter, doc. I want to get my braces off faster!” You may think that tighter adjustments and heavier forces will move your teeth faster. While a certain level of force is necessary to move teeth, a force level that is too high may start to damage the bone and surrounding tissues. Orthodontics is a delicate balance of forces. Too much force may cause some teeth to move the wrong way and increase overall time you need braces.

4. Wires need to be changed every visit- Super-elastic wires of the present day can be bent into all different shapes and still spring back into their nice U-shaped form. If you have crooked teeth, the super-elastic wire can be connected to your crooked teeth and provide a steady light force to straighten them without needing to change the wire very often. With the limited wires of the old orthodontia days, if a wire was used that put too much pressure on a tooth, the bracket would either pop off the tooth or the wire would be permanently deformed and not move your teeth at all! That is why in the old days, orthodontic patients got many wires with incrementally higher stiffness, and these wires were changed more frequently.

5. Only braces can straighten my teeth- Not necessarily. With new technology, it is now possible to have straight teeth without ever having to wear braces! Invisalign clear aligners are the most popular way to straighten teeth without braces. However, before you get too excited, know that Invisalign does have its limitations. For example, Invisalign may not be the best orthodontic option for fixing some bite problems or severely crooked teeth. The best way to see if Invisalign can straighten your teeth is to find an Invisalign orthodontist and schedule a consultation.

6. Once I get my braces off, my teeth will stay straight forever- Getting your teeth straight and your bite right is just half the battle. Keeping your teeth straight after getting your braces off is the rest of the battle. Teeth are connected to the bone by elastic fibers. As the teeth are moved into their new straightened positions, some elastic fibers are stretched and others are compressed. After your braces are removed, these elastic fibers will tend to push and pull your teeth back towards their original position. That is why retainers are required when braces are removed to keep your teeth straight.

7. Any overbite is bad-I f I had a dollar for every time a new patient complained of having an overbite, only to be told that their overbite is normal, if could probably have bought a car by now. The point is that many patients think that having a mild overbite is a bad thing and this is wrong. People with zero overbite (whose teeth bite together in the front) actually start wearing down their front teeth over time. So a small overbite actually protects the front teeth from wearing down. Of course, a large overbite can be problematic so a small overbite of only two to three millimeters is ideal.

8. The date that I am supposed to get my braces off is set in stone- When patients are told before treatment that they will be in dental braces for a certain number of years, it is very easy to focus on that date. Usually, an orthodontist can judge from his or her experience what the typical time frame is to finish treatment. However this depends on many factors. Some factors that would slow down treatment include: broken braces, not brushing well, not coming in for regular appointments, and having dense bone. If you want to get your braces off on time, make sure you co-operate by brushing and flossing well, wearing your elastics, and showing up for your regular appointments.

9. It is easy to transfer or switch orthodontists- Though it may just look like braces and wires to you, every orthodontist uses slightly different wires, brackets, and appliances. Sometimes, the wires that one orthodontist uses would not even fit in the braces that another orthodontist uses. Each orthodontist also has his or her own technique in treating each case. For example, in creating that beautiful smile, some orthodontists may focus on correcting a bite problem first while other orthodontists may focus on straightening the teeth first. Sorting out the finances is another difficult part of switching orthodontists because different offices structure their payment plans in different ways. If you switch orthodontists, you probably will end up paying more money than if you had just stayed with one orthodontist.

10. Headgear is old school- You may think that headgears are only seen in old movies. However, headgears are still used in many orthodontic offices to correct overbite problems. The reason that headgears are still used is that they work…when worn. The good news for you anti-headgear wearers is that many orthodontists now use other ways besides headgears to correct overbites. If you have a large overbite and do not want to wear a headgear, contact your local orthodontist to see if your overbite can be corrected using an appliance other than headgear.

By Dr. Stephen S. Yang

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

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AC1.12 tier 1

Air Conditioning And Four Things To Look At
Air conditioning can seem like a blessing in hot, humid weather. Air conditioning of sorts existed in ancient Rome in the form of water being circulated through the walls. This was very expensive and not practical in many buildings. Modern air conditioning was actually developed in the printing industry in order to help maintain the quality of printing on hot and humid days. The real issue facing the modern consumer is what to look for in buying an air conditioning system. The correct sizing of the system for the building, it’s efficiency, the sound level produced by the air conditioner, as well as what kind of maintenance needs to be carried out are all important considerations. This article will present an outline of these issues to help you in your selection.
Although a consumer might think that buying as much air conditioning as possible is the best route to follow, in reality, an oversized unit is as bad for home comfort as a unit that is too small. What happens with a unit that is too big for a house is that the air conditioning runs in short cycles. As a result, the humidity is not properly pulled out of the air. Your home will be cool and damp. There are standards available to measure how much air conditioning is needed for a given house size. It is best to follow these standards. In addition, buying too much air conditioning is just more expensive. Another important issue related to the expense of running an air conditioning system is efficiency.
Efficiency in air conditioning is measured by the SEER system. The lowest measure is ten and the highest is seventeen. The efficiency of an air conditioning system is effected by the size and effectiveness of the heat exchange surfaces, how well the refrigerant flows in the system, as well as how efficient the compressors are at doing their job. It is in the best interest of the consumer to buy the highest efficiency air conditioner that they can afford. This will ensure both the best cooling possible and the lowest cost in running the system over the years. In addition to these above-mentioned issues, the sound that the system generates can be important for both your enjoyment of your yard and peace with the neighbors.
The sound created by an air conditioning system in it’s operation is expressed in bels. You should look for a system that runs at 7.6 bels or lower. This is where buying a high efficiency system can also pay off, because the higher efficiency air conditioners also operated with much less noise. Maintenance of your air conditioning system is also something you will want to think about.
Professionals who know what they are doing are best to do maintenance of air conditioners. Cleaning of dirty fans and coils both inside the house and outside can help the system work better and last longer. The furnace filter, in many cases something that an average consumer can do, is best kept reasonably clean. Another consideration is how clean your ducts inside the house are. If called for, it may be a good idea to get your ducts cleaned.
The selection of a good air conditioner can not only supply you and your family with greater comfort, but can also last a long time as well. Although there is more to know about air conditioner selection, focusing on the basics of correct sizing, efficiency, noise and maintenance will set you in the right direction. This outline will help to define how you can begin your search for a good quality air conditioner.
Air Conditioning Is A Luxury

Air conditioning is a system that introduces cold air into a hot space to make it more comfortable. Air conditioning typically is used when temperatures are above 70 degrees. It is used in cars, houses, offices, retail stores, restaurants, and other indoor facilities. Unlike heat, air conditioning is considered a luxury, and it is possible to go without it. Heat is considered to be a necessity and all homes must have it. When heat warnings exist, however, lack of air conditioning can present a problem for many elderly people who may live in older brick homes. Without air conditioning, these types of homes literally turn into an oven at a certain temperatures and can cause death. Alternatives to air conditioning are fans, either electric or handheld, or open windows. Air conditioning is used primarily in the summer when temperatures are higher. Therefore electric bills are usually higher in the summer months. Many electric companies offer budget billing, which balances out the high and low bills into a constant monthly payment. Budget billing is based on usage and may gradually increase over time as usage goes up. There are two types of air conditioners that are primarily used in homes. Window style units are placed in a window. Window air conditioning mainly cools the room that they are placed in. More expensive units may cool off more of the surrounding rooms. Window air conditioners run on electricity. They are placed in windows because the heat in the room is passed outside and swapped with the cold air coming in. Alternatives to window air conditioning units are wall air conditioners, which do not need to be placed in a window. Window units are more common in older homes. New construction typically has central air conditioning built in. Central air conditioning runs the air throughout the entire house with the actual unit located outside. A thermostat controls the temperatures of the house. Older thermostats need to be changed manually to the desired temperature. Newer thermostats are programmable. Temperature settings can be programmed to change at certain times of the day. This can help lower electric bills by allowing the house to be warmer when the house is empty. Running central air conditioning uses a lot of electricity but it is generally more energy efficient than window air conditioning. Many older homes use either window units or have no air conditioning at all. Air conditioning is available in most new cars today as well. In extreme heat, air conditioning provides considerable comfort on a long car ride. In cars operating without air conditioning, one can roll the windows down to let wind blow in. Wind, however, is not as comfortable, and can be noisy, especially if driving on the highway. After a period of time, air conditioning may not work as well. Sometimes recharging the freon gas will help improve performance. Other times, the air conditioning may need more extensive costly repair work. Many times people will choose not to fix the air conditioning in their cars when the cost outweighs the remaining value of the car. With new technology comes improvements to air conditioning systems. As time goes on, air conditioners will become more energy efficient.
Air Conditioning – The Future
Air conditioning is a technology that has had a profound effect on virtually everyone who has lived in the latter part of the twentieth century, or the first few years of this one. It would be virtually unthinkable to construct a modern commercial building without considering the comfort of the users, who will be potential customers. The managers of Government and public service buildings also need to consider the comfort of both their own employees, and the public, who often have to visit these buildings on essential business. It is also necessary for transport systems to offer surroundings as comfortable as possible for those who use them.
As well as the public transit systems, air conditioning has become virtually ever present in private vehicles. A vehicle in transit is more susceptible to temperature problems than a static building. For a start, there is a great limit on the amount of shielding of the interior of the vehicle that can be done with blinds or curtains, especially in the areas where the driver needs visibility from any windows. Also, many of the processes involved in powering a vehicle create their own heat. Many days that would not be considered hot by people outside are still uncomfortable to people in vehicles with inefficient, or even non existent, air control systems.
Because air conditioning has brought great benefits to humanity in the developed world ever since it was invented at the start of the twentieth century, we all have a large incentive in keeping it going through the problems which have begun to afflict it. In recent years it ha become painfully obvious that much of humanity’s industrial progress has left extremely severe side effects on the earth’s environment. In the case of air conditioning, the chlorofluorocarbon gases that have been part of the system since the nineteen twenties, have been found to be severely damaging to the earth’s ozone layer.
The absolute necessity of changing the nature of the gases used in contemporary air conditioning systems has led to the development of more acceptable alternatives. These alternatives have only been developed in very recent years, and research is still continuing. Many of the old gases are being replaced in new equipment, with a view to withdrawing them completely within the next twenty years. Many of the chemical companies, such as DuPont, which had produced the original ozone depleting products, are now heavily involved in the development of the safer alternatives.
This phasing in of the new technology of air conditioning will not happen overnight, and m fact there are some situations in which the new systems cannot be used. This means that the future of air conditioning is clouded with considerable uncertainty, which is a great shame as the new technology is so obviously superior. Not only does it not contain any ozone depleting gases, it has also not been responsible for any of the health side effects that plagued its predecessor. The headaches, drowsiness and dizziness suffered by people working close to the old air conditioning systems have been thankfully absent from the tests done with the newly developed gases. We need air conditioning to be part of our future. We can only hope that any problems with the new technology can be solved, and that we can all enjoy better systems of air conditioning into the future.
Air Conditioning- Commercial Applications

One of the most prolific and important improvements in our quality of life during the last century has been the development of air conditioning. Although the ability to regulate the temperature of rooms and work areas has been around since before the time of Christ, it is only in the last hundred years that the technology needed has come within the price range of the average family. This technology evolved over the twentieth century from the early applications in the textile and printing industries – applications that are still in use in some form today. As well as being the precursor to modern domestic thermal comfort systems, industrial and commercial air conditioning has continued to evolve in its own right.
The beginnings of commercial air conditioning were in the early years of the twentieth century, in 1902. Willis Haviland Carrier was the first to develop a system of air regulation powered by electricity, for industrial purposes. Carrier’s system was used in a printing factory to control both the temperature and the humidity of the air. With the printing presses in use at the time, this was vitally important in ensuring that the movements of the paper were constant, and therefore that the ink was properly aligned.
The term “air conditioning” was invented only four years after this. Stuart W. Cramer was the owner of a textile mill, and he was trying to find ways of making the air in his texture mill a little less dry. The term “water conditioning” was regularly used in the textile industry, to describe a common method of preparing textiles for whatever processing needed to be done. Cramer filed a patent claim in 1906 for a machine he had developed to control and condition the air, especially the humidity, in his factories. Systems based on Cramer’s early form of air conditioning are still routinely in use in textile factories today.
As the work environment of the twentieth century changed, so did the need for different types of air conditioning. Now, in the Western world, so many people are working in enclosed offices sitting at desks, often using electronic or computer equipment. These sort of tasks demand that no extremes of temperature or humidity are present, and so the presence of air conditioning equipment in modern offices is pretty much universal. Many parts of the world have seasons where the temperature varies greatly from one time of year to another, others are in tropical zones where the need for cooling systems stays constant for virtually the whole year.
Many highly specialized jobs require temperatures different from those needed by standard office buildings, even temperatures that would not normally be considered conducive to human comfort. This is especially so in chemical and pharmaceutical plants, and also of course in hospitals, where different types of operation demand different conditions for safety. Air conditioning is even employed to create artificial spring like temperatures and conditions so that laboratory animals, which nearly always breed in the spring, can be made to breed at any time of the year. Regulation of temperature and humidity is also totally necessary in modern advanced nuclear energy plants. Now that new technology is leading to the phase out of ozone depleting gases, air conditioning technology will continue to evolve, develop, and serve humanity in many different ways.
Air Conditioning – Major Uses For Air Conditioning
During the twentieth century air conditioning has been used in many ways to enhance our quality of life. Since the 1950s new houses and commercial buildings have been built very much with the comfort of the occupants in mind. Although the technology to achieve a high degree of comfort in buildings was available many years before this, it was not really financially viable for mass production in domestic properties at the low end of the market. Commercial air conditioning has a longer history, but recent advances have improved the efficiency and reliability of the equipment to a marked degree.
Air conditioning has actually been used in private homes since the times of the Ancient Egyptians, although of course this was strictly for the rich and powerful. It was only once air conditioning became established in commercial use, in textile mills where temperature and humidity control are absolutely essential, that it transferred into homes on any large scale. The years immediately following the Second World War saw the greatest expansion in the inclusion of air conditioning built in to new homes. These developments have had a profound effect on the construction industry, and on urban planning, because it has allowed for the building of much taller buildings. This is because the speed of the wind at high altitude makes natural ventilation difficult.
As well as enjoying comfortable living conditions at home, many modern workers carry out their daily job in an environment enhanced for optimum comfort and performance. Scientific tests have now been carried out to ascertain the optimum temperature conditions for different types of work tasks to be carried out in, and advanced systems of air conditioning have now been developed to produce these conditions no matter what the weather conditions outside. Of course there are some jobs where the comfort of the workers is secondary to the needs of the process being carried out. Today’s air conditioning evolved from the need for temperature and humidity controls in textile mills.
Of course the great change in the transportation habits of people in the Western world has also led to another common use for air conditioning. Both commercial public transport vehicles and private cars are now routinely fitted with systems to filter, regulate, and even purify the air. With the modern lifestyle in the Western world meaning that more time is spent in vehicles, the need has increased to make the environment in those vehicles more comfortable. It is not only on hot days that the inside of a vehicle becomes uncomfortable to be in. On a cool but sunny day the temperature can still rise to an uncomfortable level in a fully enclosed vehicle. As well as helping with temperature control, air conditioning can help with reducing pollution levels in an environment where people are very much at risk.
From being an exclusive preserve of the rich and powerful in ancient times, air conditioning has become so common that there can hardly be anyone in the Western world who does not derive some benefit from it. Even if you live in one of the few modern homes not equipped with it, the chances are that you will work in a workplace fitted with some form of temperature and humidity control. Air conditioning is one of the great benefits to have become available to the masses in the twentieth century, and with modern research the ozone harming gases are being replaced with more environmentally friendly options. There is no doubt that air conditioning will continue to benefit humanity throughout the coming century.

Choosing An Air Conditioner – Part I
Air conditioning has become the norm in hot and humid climates. Almost all offices and many middle class homes have starting installing air conditioning in their homes. Air conditioners are essential to improve working conditions. This in turns helps to improve productivity of office workers. Many industries, factories, laboratories etc. too need air conditioning for comfort or because the process needs it.
Depending on the size of the room and total area needing air conditioning, some decisions have to be made for the air conditioner to be installed. The usual choice for a home may be window or split air conditioning. Central air conditioning may be choice for very large homes, offices and factories.
Cost can be one big factor we need to consider when making a choice. But it would also be handy to know some technical information like tonnage of the air conditioning, power consumption and other mechanical features as well.
Let’s examine some of the technical data we ought to acquire to get your money’s worth, when buying an air conditioner.
First and foremost you need to your budget. Secondly you should know the size of the room or area of the house or office if you wish to cool part or whole area. This helps to ascertain the tonnage of the air conditioner you require. The price of the air conditioner increases with the increase in tonnage. Normally for window or split tonnage of air conditioners available are from 0.60, 0.75, 1, 1.5 and 2 tons. One question the store will ask you which brand or manufacturer you prefer. Depending on the brand, your price will vary. Sometimes there are even assembled air conditioners available from the local maintenance workshop, which may turn out to be cheaper though not entirely reliable.
It is no secret that the cooling capacity varies in direct proportion to the air conditioner tonnage. So how do you measure cooling capacity? Cooling capacity is measured in KCal/hour or BTU/hour and the greater the number, the more powerful is the unit. Cooling capacity of an air conditioner of one ton is 3000 KCal/hour or 12000 BTU/hour. Guidelines given by manufacturers indicate that area and tonnage of machine. A 0.75-ton machine is suitable for 35 sq. ft. area, one-ton machine for 90 to 110 sq. ft. area, 1.25-ton machine for 115 to 140 sq. ft. area, 1.50-ton machine for 150 to 170 sq. ft. area, 1.75-ton machine for 180 to 220 sq. ft. and so on. A better way is to divide the square feet of your room by 600 to get the correct tonnage.
It would be helpful to your dealer if you give some details. Other than room size, you could tell him the number and size of windows, the direction the room faces, how much shade your room gets, the thickness of walls and type of roof, type of insulation the room has and the number of appliances in the room like computers. Such details will enable your dealer to advise about the best type, tonnage and number of air conditioners to be installed.
You need to be guard that you do not select a lower tonnage simply to save on cost. Lower tonnage can reflect in higher bills, which will eventually hurt your pocket in the long term.
It is important to ensure that the power supply in your home is sufficient to run the machine. Your authorised electrician can advise you on the power supply angle. You should also get him to check the wiring. If required, separate wiring and heavy-duty electric plug connection should be provided to install the air conditioner.
The efficiency of your machine can be measured with the help of Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER). EER helps you to determine how much it costs of run each unit. Units with higher EER are more expensive, but consume less power and turn out cheaper in the long run.
Choosing An Air Conditioner – Part Ii
In the first part of Choosing An Air Conditioner, you have looked at the main features of an air conditioner and types of air conditioners.
Now you can examine the accessories and its functions in an air conditioning system. These should be carefully weighed for its convenience aspect, when choosing an air conditioner.
In the case of a window unit, checking the noise level is important before selecting the brand at the dealer’s showroom. This is because some brands have units, which make more noise that you may not be comfortable with. It may be possible that the compressor is defective, so checking the noise level will help eliminate this possibility.
The compressor is the heart of the air conditioning unit. The compressor must have excellent durability, high capacity and efficiency. Such compressors operate noiselessly and smoothly, in spite of high heat or humidity. The compressor usually has a guarantee period of five years from the manufacturer. Also normally it has one year free warranty on the machine, as well as free maintenance for a year. So make sure you have the guarantee card from the dealer, and guarantee and warranty is properly covered.
The air conditioning industry has benefited from advances in technology also. The remote control unit has proved very handy in operating the air conditioner from a distance across the room. Purchasing an air conditioning unit with remote control may cost extra. If you prefer to save, or your budget is tight, you could go for a non-remote air conditioner.
Most air conditioners now have motorised louvers. The louvers are adjustable to enable flow of air upwards, downwards or sideways right or left. Some models have rotating louvers. Some louvers have the option of switching between fresh air and re-circulated air.
Another facility available in modern air conditioners is the timer. Timers can be set for a specific time of the day and period. So you could set the time, so that the unit can turn on or off automatically at set times that you want. This feature is especially useful if you want the room to be cool when you get home from the office. You could set the timer to start the air conditioner an hour or two before you reach home.
Dust and allergen filters are an important part of the air conditioning unit. The filters should be the sliding type, so they are easy to remove for cleaning the dust and for washing. Filters should be cleaned regularly to prevent dust getting into the machine and clogging it. It would beneficial to have an annual maintenance contract for your air conditioner. Then the service company regularly services the machine. This servicing will avoid damage to the compressor, owing to dust clogging the machine.
Because of the dehumidifying feature, an air conditioner is especially convenient in hot and highly humid climates. This feature is especially useful in cities on the coastline.
So after considering all the features and benefits, you can make your choice of air conditioning units. The cost of the air conditioner will increase slightly if it has extra features. So if budget is not a problem, then a feature rich model may be worth the price. Don’t fail to check out the different models that different brands have.
Once you have decided on your budget, the next step would be to decide the type of air conditioning unit you need. Do you need split unit, window unit or central air conditioning? You may need to understand the difference between window and split air conditioner. In a window unit, the cooling unit and compressor are combined in one unit. In a split air conditioner, the cooling unit and compressor are kept separate. If your choice is for split unit, where do you want to place the external standing compressor unit and how must the piping be done? Do you have the correct power supply in your home? How many rooms do you want to cool? Remember window unit is cheaper than split. Since buying an air conditioner is quite expensive, hopefully these tips will help you make the right selection.

Air Conditioning And Your Comfort
the early 1900s, what was a person to do in order to keep cool if they lived in a warm climate?  Not too much, except to complain about the hot weather or, if you were rich, you could take a trip to the cool mountain resorts, or go boating on the coastal shores.  However, nowadays, you can be comfortable indoors in any place you live, even on the hottest, most stickiest day in summer. 

The history of air conditioning is very interesting.  Ancient Egyptians and Romans have tried different methods to help cool their houses.  Some used to hang water-soaked mats across their doorways so that the incoming air would be cooled by evaporation.  Leonardo da Vinci, the famous artist and inventor, built a water-powered fan!  But the invention by a man named Willis H. Carrier, called the father of air conditioning built the working air conditioner. 

In 1902, Mr. Carrier built a machine that kept the humidity low and cooled the air at the same time.  He created this air conditioning machine for a printing plant that had trouble printing in color.  The colors in the plants printings wouldn’t line up properly because the paper changed size between printings.  This happened because of the constant change of moisture in the air in the plant.  Willis H. Carrier’s new machine kept the moisture constant and the workers loved it because they were comfortable at the temperature in their work environment!  This invention of Mr. Carrier marked the beginning of air conditioning. 

We all know that air conditioning makes you feel cooler, but air conditioning is more than that.  It also keeps the humidity and temperature of the air in a room or an entire building at the right comfort level for the people living or working there.  Air conditioning also uses fans to circulate the air and filters to remove any dust.  In a nutshell, we can say that air conditioning creates an artificial but comfortable climate in which we can live and work. 

Air conditioners are used for other purposes besides keeping our homes cool in the summer.  Many industries use it to clean and cool the air and also to maintain the right moisture level.  Textile plants need this proper temperature and moisture content to keep the air quality constant because the workers use fibers such as wool and cotton that can stretch or shrink as the moisture in the air changes.  Also, delicate metal parts and precision instruments such as rocket parts will corrode with too much moisture in the air and the wrong temperature, whether high or low can spoil antibiotic cultures.  This is where proper air conditioning comes in.  It can prevent all of these industrial problems. 

So how do air conditioners work?  An air conditioner removes heat from the air inside the house and adds it to the air outside the house.  It does not add cold air inside the house.  It cools the house by compressing and de-compressing a gas (a refrigerant), within the air conditioning system.  A compressor (usually a black metal device) in the air conditioning system is used to create the higher and lower pressures needed to make the system work.  It does this in conjunction with two coils, one located inside the house, called the evaporator and one outside the house called the condenser.  The air conditioner unit also has a thermostat which maintains the desired temperature.  

All of these components are used to maintain a steady and comfortable living environment for our homes and our workplaces.  Willis H. Carrier would be proud today of the advances made in his invention! 
How A Room Air Conditioner Works
The most common and cost efficient cooling device is the room air conditioner.  This consists of indoor and outdoor portions.  An air filter, a fan and a cooling coil are parts of the indoor portion.  The warm, humid air is drawn through the filter and into the fan then blown over the cooling coil.  The cooling coil then cools and humidifies the air before it is blown into the room.  The cooling coil contains a refrigerant fluid, which changes its physical property from liquid to gas because heat from the warm air passing over the coil causes its evaporation.  Heat from the warm and humid room air is taken through this process.  The outdoor portion of the unit consists of a compressor, a fan and a condenser.  The cooling coil gives off low-temperature and low-pressure refrigerant gas to the compressor.  The compressor on the other hand delivers high-temperature and high-pressure refrigerant gas to the condenser.  The fan blows outdoor air over the condenser.  Inside the condenser the high temperature, high pressure refrigerant gas is converted to refrigerant liquid.  Heat from the hotter refrigerant gas is taken by the cooler outdoor air passing over the condenser.  This process causes the refrigerant gas to change to the liquid state.  The refrigerant fluid circulates through the closed path leading through the cooling coil, the compressor and the condenser in a constant motion.  The relatively cool outdoor air is sucked by the fan for cooling the condenser and then blows the hotter air back outdoors.  In a room air conditioner, electric motors drive the compressor and the two fans.  110-volt lines are used for smaller room air conditioning units while for larger units 220 volt line supplies are used.  An entire small residence can be cooled by some room air conditioners with sufficient capacity.   

Although a room air conditioner is the lowest-cost cooling device, it has its own disadvantages which include the following:
1. Most room units can provide only widely irregular room air temperature. 
2. Most room air conditioners operate with noise. 
3. It is difficult to obtain an even distribution of cool air. 

Because of the known disadvantages of a room air conditioner many people prefer to use the more expensive central cooling system. 

A central cooling system is commonly divided into two units: An indoor and an outdoor unit.  A filter, a fan and a cooling coil constitute the indoor unit.  The outdoor unit on the other hand consists of a compressor that is motor-driven, a fan for the condenser and a condenser.  A cabinet mounted outdoors houses these components.  Most home cooling systems provide humidity reduction but offer only very limited humidity control.  The length of the compressor operation determines the moisture content reduction.  For example, a low indoor humidity value of 40 percent is reached when the compressor operates continuously for several hours during a hot summer day, but as night time approaches and the compressor stops operating, the water drops on the cooling coil tend to evaporate and a jump in the indoor humidity occurs.  This variable humidity and its limited control however, are acceptable to home owners who are using the central cooling system. 

Can You Handle Life Without Air Conditioning?

Can you survive the freezing winter days and nights without your heater on?  Can you imagine the hot summer months without your air cooling system running all day long?  If you can’t, you might want to thank the person who invented the air conditioning system.  He made our lives easier and more comfortable. 

Air conditioning is the technique of regulating the condition of air for a more comfortable environment for man or industrial products.  Four physical properties of air are controlled in air conditioning.  These are air temperature, relative humidity, air motion or circulation and the dust particles in air.  A control of these four properties is necessary in air conditioning for the consideration of human comfort.  Even more precise control over these properties is required in the operation of some industrial air conditioning units.  Other properties like odor and air pressure are further controlled in some specific industries. 

The control of air temperature in air conditioning includes both heating and cooling processes.  Air conditioning provides many applications.  Air-conditioned business establishments such as stores, restaurants and theaters attract customers especially during the hot and humid summer season.  Modern transportation requires ample air conditioning to provide people with much-needed comfort.  Most modern buses, trains, aircraft and passenger cars are equipped with state of the art air conditioning systems that provide total comfort to the traveling public.  Huge industrial plants require precise air temperature control to maintain their high level of product quality.  Even industrial workers need a more favorable working environment and are usually provided with industrial air conditioning units, in order to function more effectively and efficiently in their operation. 

Who must have started with the concept of air conditioning that we are benefiting from today?  The cavemen, during pre-historic times, may have started the idea.  The extreme chill inside the caves may have prompted them to come up with something that will make their lives more comfortable.  They discovered the first fire and used this to warm their caves.  Moving fast forward, the subsequent development of temperature control of environment can be traced through the advancement in hearths, open fireplaces and ceramic stoves, but the birth of modern air conditioning has been attributed to Willis H. Carrier.  Carrier described the energy relationships that existed in an air and water vapor mixture.  In order to enable engineering designers to predict performance of the component parts, Carrier proposed some simplifying steps. 

The development of both winter and summer air conditioning was largely attributed to the Americans and along with this, were improvements made in boilers, automatic controls, automatically fired furnaces and thermal insulation. 

Although the research work in home cooling was done in the 1930s, it wasn’t until the late 1940s that the demands for home cooling systems became high.  The Great Depression caused a delay in the public acceptance of the home cooling system because of the added burden of expenses the new system brought with it.  Many homes were already equipped with air conditioning by 1950s and 1960s.   

Clearly, the development of the air conditioning system has brought so much comfort to everyday lives and favorable environments to our ever-growing industries. 

Mini Split Air Conditioning
For many years the 2 main types of home air conditioning have been central air conditioning and through the wall or window mounted air conditioning.  There is a new type of home air conditioning now called ductless mini-split air conditioning.  In many ways, it is a hybrid type that attempts to combine the best of central and through the wall air conditioning. 
Central air conditioners have ducts just about everywhere in a house to move the air to all the rooms.  The ducts are both space and energy inefficient and can generate as much as a 30 percent loss in energy especially if the duct runs are long or go through an attic or basement that is not air conditioned.  Mini-split systems eliminate air ducts entirely. 
Through the wall air conditioners eliminate the need for ducts also but they have several other disadvantages.  Wall mounted systems offer no flexibility as far as distributing the air throughout your house.  Wherever the unit is mounted is cool and conditioned but the rest of the house probably suffers.  Mini-split systems eliminate this problem by allowing you to put several air handling units at various places in the house to ensure that the whole house is air conditioned.  Most through the wall units also tend to be very noisy because the whole unit including the noisy compressor is right there in the wall.  You still have the fan noise with mini-split air conditioning but the compressor and condenser are outdoors where they belong.                     
So what exactly is a mini-split air conditioner and how does it accomplish this best of both worlds compromise between central systems and wall units?  Mini-splits have two main separate parts; an outdoor unit that houses the compressor/condenser system and one or more indoor air handling units that have a fan, refrigerant coil and controls in them.  This is similar to the setup with central air conditioning except the fans and coils for mini-splits are located at the individual air handling units.  This eliminates all ducts in the system.  The connection between the outdoor compressor/condenser unit and the indoor air handling/fan unit is a small diameter conduit that includes the refrigerant line from the compressor, the electrical power line for the fan and a condensation drain line to drain condensation outdoors.  This conduit is well insulated and much more space and energy efficient compared to air ducts.  Most mini-splits have two, three or more air handling units coupled with a single outdoor compressor/condenser unit.  The air handling units are about the same length and width as through the wall air conditioners except they are only 15 to 20 centimeters thick so you can mount them on almost any wall or ceiling in your house.  The conduit then runs through the wall to the outdoor unit.  Usually the air handling units have remote controls for each indoor unit so you can turn them on or off as needed giving you the full flexibility and temperature zoning you would get with a central system.  

Mini split air conditioning is easy to install because there are no ducts to worry about or large holes to cut in a wall.  Because refrigerant lines are installed, only a professional should install a mini-split but it usually only takes one or two installers about a day to do the complete setup.  If your house has a central heating/cooling system complete with ducts you are probably better off staying with that but for new houses or for add on situations mini-split air conditioning offers many advantages. 
Air Conditioning – Basics And Workings
The air conditioner is an electrically operated machine through which houses, laboratories and industries can be kept cool during summer and warm during winter.  It not only controls the temperature but also regulates the humidity.  Invented in the early part of the 20th century for industrial cooling, the air conditioner or A/C for short has now become a must have in many offices and homes, especially in hot and tropical areas. 

In general, the air conditioner keeps the temperature between 68º and 78º F and the relative humidity around 30 to 50 percent.  An air conditioning plant consists of a compressor and a cooling liquid like Freon gas.  Cooling liquid evaporates in the cooling coil.  The vapor is then carried to the electrically operated compressor.  It then goes to the condenser where it is cooled by air or water as it passes through the radiator.  Here the vapor changes to a liquid, giving up heat in the process.  The compressor thus serves to transfer heat from one place to another.  A fan sends the fresh air into the room, which keeps the room’s temperature at the desired temperature.  The air conditioner has certain substances, which remove the moisture from the room.  Another advantage of air conditioners is that they have filters to remove the dust particles from the air.  Unlike air coolers which use water and fans to cool the room, air conditioners make use of gases and therefore can provide a more adjustable room temperature.  Moreover, because it doesn’t use water, it can be used in high humidity areas, like in coastal regions where air coolers are not advised due to medical reasons. 

Modern air conditioners come in a variety of shapes and sizes.  The most common variant that is seen in homes is the “window” air conditioner.  As the name suggests, the air conditioning unit is mounted on a wall just like a window would be and the equipment is fitted into a hole in the wall.  This type of A/C is the cheapest and the most effective when just a single room is to be cooled.  In a bigger house, split air conditioners are used wherein one cooling box is attached to two or three rooms and the machine is “split” between the rooms.  This reduces the overall electricity consumption since the output is evenly split between the rooms.  In large offices, another concept called the centralized air conditioner is used.  In this, a huge air conditioning machine is placed outside that cools the entire building through ventilation ducts.  This is the most cost effective way for large spaces since it would be impossible to install individual air conditioners in every room or office space.  Many air conditioners also come with settings that allow one to maintain a greater control over their microclimate; this includes setting the desired temperature and auto shutoff for some time during the night to save electricity. 
Some air conditioning units are now connected to the internet and/or mobile phones to enable a room to be pre cooled before the consumer comes home.  In fact, air conditioners have become so important that they are now found even in automobiles.  From cars to buses to trains, air conditioners are now used everywhere and their use is increasing by the day.
Five Guidelines In Purchasing A Central Air Conditioning Unit
Summer is fast approaching and your air conditioner just does not work the way it used too. It barely cools, if it does anything at all. You have tried cleaning it. You have tried flushing it. You have tried everything including kick it and hit it with a mallet. The service man wants to charge you an arm and a leg, and probably a few other body parts to repair it. You are left with only one other choice. Spend all that money to repair a central air conditioning unit that is 20 years old, or spend about the same amount to buy a new, updated central air conditioning unit. If you are going to spend the money, why not get something under warranty that, theoretically, it should last 20 more years? Seems like an easy decision to me.

When purchasing a new central air conditioning unit there are five guidelines to keep in mind that will keep you on track and make sure you do not waste your hard earned money. These guidelines are just what they say they are: guidelines. They are not laws or rules you need to follow, but they are suggestions that are meant to guide you towards buying the right central air conditioner for you and your home.


There are many brands of central air conditioning units available to purchase from any hardware or appliance store. Some sales associates will try to sell you a window air conditioning unit. Do not let that sales associate talk you into wasting your money. These window air conditioners are a waste of money. They usually only cool one room and they suck a lot of power so you will be spending a lot more money each month on the utility bill. Remember that if you have multiple rooms or a house, you want a central air unit. Do not let the sales associate trick you into anything else.


One more detail to consider is installation. Most people do not want to crawl under, over, around, and through the walls of their house to install a new air conditioner. That is why most places that sell these units also install them for you. Some places install these free of charge with the purchase of a new unit. Even if they don’t do it free, you should get someone to professionally install your new unit. It will save you time, headaches, and sweat if you do. If they do not offer installation, you may want to look elsewhere to purchase your unit. It is much easier and cost efficient to get this all done in one step.


Most new units come with a new thermostat. You should make sure this thermostat can create the ideal temperature that suits you and your family. If you are comfortable in a room that is 60°, then make sure the unit will cool to that temperature. You also need to make sure you can increase and decrease the temperature in 1° or 2° increments just in case you are not comfortable.


There are many filters out there today. The ones that are permanent are the best value. You simply take them out, hose them down, and stick them back in. They save you a lot of money every year, not to mention you don’t have to keep track of what size you need. Just remember to clean them once a month. Also, make sure your unit supports these filters.


You should also look to see if your new unit has a sleep setting or an energy saving setting. This allows the unit to run when you are sleeping or not home and not run up your bill. It will keep the house a little warmer when you are not home, and then cool it before you come home. This saves hundreds of dollars a year.

Keeping these in mind, finding the perfect unit will be a snap and could turn out to be a fun shopping experience. Just ask the sales associate for more details if you need help. They can be most helpful if these guidelines still have you guessing.
Ceiling Fans – Their Uses And Drawbacks

Ceiling fans conjure up images of a steamy evening somewhere in the tropics, maybe in a Indiana Jones movies, the main characters perspiring profusely, animal noises and .  .  .  the ceiling fan whirring visibly in the background of the camera shot.  There is perhaps a shadow of the fan showing on the wall.  Am I right?  You bet I am. 
The fan has been the friend of many a person who lives in warm climates when it comes to sticky evenings and trying to keep cool in the early part of trying to sleep hours.  Nowadays, we hear the supercilious comments of the “air-conditioning brigade” saying that all the that ceiling fans do is circulate the warm air.  So what!   I would definitely prefer – and indeed enjoy – slightly warmer air circulating than have the hazy mist of steamy air hanging around my room for the duration of the night. 
There has to be some merit in using ceiling fans as the norm as opposed to air conditioning buildings.  I guess the cost of installation of a full air conditioning system throughout a large commercial building is expensive and maintenance is another factor to be considered. 
A building that immediately springs to mind is Raffles Hotel in Singapore, long recognised as one of the most luxurious hotels in the world.  I visited there a few years ago and was more than surprised to find that the whole of the lounge areas of the building were kept cool by many ceiling fans.  I don’t think for one minute that the bedroom areas would have been the same. 
At the risk of name-dropping, I was sitting with my wife, drinking a “Singapore Sling” when I spotted the fans in the lounge bar area.  On walking around the rest of the ground floor area, terracing etc, the same applied there.  On inquiry, I was told that although you would think the steamy temperatures of Singapore should warrant a large air conditioning system, it was, in fact, more practical to use ceiling fans. 
The test for my wife and I was leaving the hotel.  The night air hit us like a wet blanket, proving beyond doubt that the fans were doing the job in the hotel.  I understand that the cost of full air conditioning within the premises was preclusive but my experience showed me that the fans worked perfectly efficiently. 
I also have experience of this in my own house.  Before air conditioning was installed, we used fans in each of our four bedrooms, as well as having two in the living areas.  They worked particularly well, but I find now that working in tandem with the evaporative system, we have the best of both worlds. 
We can use the air conditioning system quite effectively during daylight and early evening hours, then on retiring, turn the air conditioning off and switch to the bedroom fan.  The ceiling fan can then gently circulate the now cool air and remains that way, quite adequately, through the course of the night and into the morning hours.  This proves that ceiling fans certainly still have a major domestic and commercial use.
Air Conditioning Service has to be efficient and effective. However, maintaining effective air training in a hot place is no easy task. With the extreme heat that comes with summer several weeks, you need house air training solutions that can service and maintain your ac so that it can take you through summer several weeks to come.

Some places are known for their outdoor seashores and beauty. However when you need to be in the house, the ac should be cool and making your house a desirability place.

When the Summer comes is when the air conditioners work more, which is why most the the times is when they malfunction during the extreme several weeks. Due to all the stress on air conditioning, the moving parts inside the program tend to wear out, which is why owners often end up resorting towards air conditioning equipment replacement when it is too late to repair and maintain the air conditioning equipment.

When you contact Air Conditioning Service, you always make sure that they offer the most solutions. One of the simplest techniques of A/C maintenance is listed below:

Always Examine For Blocked Up Drains.

AC solutions, they have a few conventional procedures to follow when they are doing conventional maintenance for air training. One of these processes includes checking for blocks in condensate empties.

A condensate stress is the stress, which reveals on the heater, starting from the cooling coils stress, it runs all the way down to the ground stress.

The primary cause for blocked empties is the use of microbe slime in water. When your air conditioning equipment is running, the soldiers will look into the spot where the line empties into the ground stress just to evaluate if the water is actually getting cleared.

If the water is not being cleared then the use of a obstruction is verified. Once this is verified, the soldiers convert to have a look at the stress these sharp “claws” and the stress pan on the surface. To start off with, they convert the air conditioning off and then go about unclogging the stress.

There are several ways of unclogging empties. Servicemen usually do not use substances to unblock them but use systems like ‘drain snakes’ that go through the stress until they find the block and remove it. Other techniques include using plumbing wrenches, or using everyday and apple cider vinegar with hot water to unblock the pipe. It is usually better to opt for professional that knows how to make solutions as far as your HVAC program is concerned for more details visit Air conditioning service Florida.
Are you searching for air conditioning products? We can help you find the parts and supplies you need for your air conditioner. We can also provide complete information about service and supplies. Check us out today. Click here

No matter when your home was built or what the physical configurations are, you can install the system for high performance heating and cooling comfort. Crafted air to weave around and through existing construction, the flexibility of the system makes the system the perfect solution for retrofit applications. in fact, you”ll find there”s little or no remodeling required for installation. this allows homeowners the unique opportunity to maintain the architectural integrity of their home while enjoying many advantages conditioning over conventional systems: little or no remodeling – the system costs fits where other systems can”t. the flexible mini-ducts can be routed through existing cavities in the ceilings, walls and floors. the modular air handlers and coils can be installed easily into ceilings, crawlspaces and closets.

with air energy costs and awareness rising, conditioning such basic notions costs as shade and more sophisticated phenomena, air such as “evapo-transpiration” conditioning and costs from landscaping features are now guiding principles for building design and operations. getting oriented to reduce heating and cooling costs, project planners can first minimize hvac load by means of massing, orientation, air fenestration conditioning and landscaping. “building orientation is something costs you really need to focus air on today,” says ben houston, president and coo with td industries, dallas, a conditioning large mechanical costs contractor, “so you have air minimum solar exposure in summer, but get some simple heat gain in the winter.” conditioning of course, this relatively simple concept is often difficult to pull off in the costs real world facility manager and mechanical engineer., which just completed 350,000 square feet of new construction and renovations started in including its corporate headquarters. baker”s group gets involved at the earliest air stages of the planning process. conditioning “hvac is a prime consideration at that time,” he says. early on, designers and facility managers carefully reviewed the configuration and orientation of the new headquarters. “ideally, we could have focused strictly on the most advantageous orientation based on energy-cost savings alone,”however, at least some of that decision was based on the location of other buildings on the campus and their orientation.” the project, he adds, also needed to have a high profile and world-class design. “so we spent a lot of time on both the general footprint as well as orientation,” he recalls.

“over the past few years, we”ve seen major improvements: costs more energy-efficient chillers, better heat-recovery-type air and conditioning chillers and higher-efficiency motors, just to name a few,” director of facilities engineering “another big savings costs has come from improvements in variable-frequency drives. prices have come down, and they”ve become much more reliable. we use them more extensively air now.” “variable-speed pumping and drives are becoming somewhat a matter of course conditioning … we can meet the load requirement more easily that way than with any kind of step control,” he explains. the real potential for cutting hvac costs, however, costs is managing overall load with an energy-management system. “recently, energy-management systems have become very sophisticated,” . “they can permit load-demand limiting, load shedding at different hours and turning the systems off and on when they”re not in use. we can program them to respond to special requirements for night occupancies, [even] on an intermittent basis.”

Click here – Are you searching for air conditioning products? We can help you find the parts and supplies you need for your air conditioner. We can also provide complete information about service and supplies. Check us out today.

Designers of airconditioning and refrigeration equipment have air fresh guidelines for noise limits. publishes the new performance standard, .that standard, along with 20 others, is available for free download establishes a method of rating sound in indoor portions of ducted air moving and conditioning equipment. it provides definitions and requirements for acquiring mapped sound data. sound power level calculations and ratings conditioning also are included, as are minimum data needs for published sound ratings and conformance conditions. standards set rating criteria and designs procedures for measuring and certifying product performance. the ratings help buyers choose the proper equipment for specific applications. since process parameters often change, plant engineers must frequently review the design features of filtration systems, and, if necessary modify them to provide a desired level of contamination control.single-pass air filtration systems are those in which process conditioning fluids pass through the system only once and are not recirculated. the major objective in single-pass systems is the reduction of contamination. however, other objectives might include clarification or classification. clarification designs entails reducing the effects of particles air on fluid clarity. classification is conditioning the removing of selected particle sizes designs while intentionally leaving others. filtration system design or an upgrade consists of two phases. first, filter locations are determined, and the media that will be used in them are chosen. then, actual filter assemblies are selected based on manufacturers” published data.planning for filtration

step 2: filter locations. if the fluid is heavily contaminated with air a wide range of particle sizes, a single filter may not be practical. one solution conditioning is to use two filters installed next to each other in the fluid line. in this two-stage designs system, a relatively coarse medium is installed in the first filter to capture larger particles. the second stage, or polishing filter, has a tighter medium to capture smaller particles. a similar process is the removal air of moisture from air or hydrocarbon fluid in a separator upstream of a particle filter. removing conditioning moisture first reduces the chance of metal designs corrosion in the particle filter, lowers pressure drop across the filter medium due to water droplets, and extends the service life of the element. some air manufacturers conditioning combine these two stages in one designs unit.

the flexibility and efficient air installation of the system make it a perfect fit for new construction applications conditioning and custom-built homes as well. in fact, both homeowners and builders agree that the system is the superior choice over designs conventional systems for new and custom home construction. why? there are many advantages: air perfect fit – our flexible mini-duct conditioning system fits where other systems can”t. there”s no designs need to design or build around cumbersome air metal ductwork, no need for soffits or firdowns. if you can design conditioning and build it, we can heat and cool it! less noise, no drafts, even temperatures – sound-dampening supply designs tubes don”t rattle like metal ductwork and deliver draft-free comfort to every room.

AC 1.11 tier 2

Heating And Air Conditioning Parts Heating And Air Conditioning Parts
Heating And Air Conditioning Parts

Heating And Air Conditioning Parts

For Heating Parts, the Do-It-Yourselfer in us wants to tackle installing replacement parts to save money. This can be a fools errand, as HVAC equipment is inherently very dangerous. It may also be illegal in your locale to perform this work. You are certainly opening yourself up to liability should you ever sell your home and there are subsequent problems.

This discussion is for those who are completely qualified and/or licensed as applicable to your local laws.

If you are qualified and are going to proceed, the first thing to find out is where you find the proper parts. Most heating and air conditioning parts has generic replacements which are perfectly serviceable. A qualified HVAC technician would make sure to replace parts that are the exact matches of the original. This applies to every specification including horsepower, voltage, amperage, shaft lengths, diameter and ratings. If you have a connection, parts are available from nationwide wholesalers like Johnstone Suppy or Graingers. If you live near a city of any size, a quick Google search of (“appliance parts “my city”) will yield the results of local stores which will sell such parts to individuals. Make sure you bring the part with you, so that you can insure an exact replacement.

If you are changing out blowers, a variable one is a nice choice. It should be considerably quieter, more comfortable and more economical than a single speed blower. Blower motors going bad is a common occurrence. Replacement is one of the easier jobs for a heating and air conditioning professional to do.

Make sure you have the capacitor replaced at the same time. Capacitors are typically only $10-$15 and go bad all the time. They get fried with power surges. In fact, in many cases you may not need a motor at all, just a capacitor replacement. Capacitors carry an electric charge, even when disconnected and you can get a nasty shock if you do not know what you are doing. If your air conditioner compressor is running and your outside fan is not, or if the fan starts, then stops or turns slowly, your capacitor is the first thing to replace.

Blower wheels themselves can be a problem source. Axles crack and these wheels come off – binding in the process and wrecking havoc. This can be the issue instead of the motor, but a dislodged wheel can cause the motor to burn out and you will need to replace both.

It is amazing the amount of parts that the supply houses have for units going back for years and years. Things like gas valves are readily available, as are ceramic ignition coils and thermocouples. If replacing a ceramic ignition coil make absolutely sure that the power is off. The ceramic will not look hot, yet it will instantly sear your skin into a third degree burn.

When buying a new unit, make sure that you do not buy one with a polypropylene secondary heat exchanger. Units on the market with this have experienced numerous problems. The heat exchanger is key, because if it cracks, it will pump deadly carbon monoxide (CO) gas into your home. Always have a live CO detector in your home, because these heat exchangers can fail without warning and without indication that they have failed.

An expensive replacement are evaporator coils. Check the reputation of your brand of choice, because some makers are notorious for having leaky coils. Freon is ridiculously expensive to replace. Typically, it is $400 plus labor. Make sure of your evaporator coils before you ever buy a unit.

These are some of the parts which you can manage if you are a qualified professional. If you have any doubts, contact your friendly local service professional for help. Some may even let you supply the heating parts, if you are willing to waive the warranty on their work.

By Adam Zebrewski
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Ductless Air Conditioner Ductless Air Conditioner
Ductless Air Conditioner

Ductless Air Conditioner

Ductless air conditioning is a new way of cooling any room in your home without the need for ducts. But is it worth the cost to have the convenience of cool air in the hot summer months?

Well, that is up to you. This article will provide some excellent information so you can make a good choice for your home cooling investment.

For starters, a ductless air conditioner is almost soundless. The engineers that designed these new technology really had to be sure that the noise level was quieter than a library, especially when cooling a very small room. As you know, noise pollution is not a good thing. We hear it all the time, especially if you live in a city. You do not need it in your own home. Can you imagine a noisy air conditioner running loudly while enjoying a quiet candle lit dinner? Yikes!!!

Secondly, they are virtually invisible. Yes – most people, in 2010, have rarely seen a ductless air conditioner. Or they might have seen one but it looked so unlike an air conditioner. Why? Because a they hang on the wall and look more like a decoration than a home cooling unit.

The cost? Considering the alternative, installing duct work throughout your entire house, on every floor branching out to every single room, the cost for a ductless air conditioner is an outstanding value. Not only do you have absolute control of where all the cooling air goes to, it can be a lot cheaper in the long run because of this very control.

Installation is also very easy. There’s no major renovations involved. The installation time is a fraction of the time if you consider the time to install duct work throughout your home for a typical central air conditioner.
Now here’s the amazing part!

A ductless air conditioner can also double as a home heat pump. This is truly an amazing extra bonus simply because a normal air conditioner cannot cool AND heat a home. And if you would like to know more about what a home heat pump is, here’s the scoop:

During the winter, a home heat pump extracts warm air from outside your home and literally pumps it in to your home. Confused about how a heat pump can extract warm air during the winter when it may be freezing outside? Join the crowd. Most people are clueless about how a heat pump can do that.

In a nutshell, here’s the answer. Even in 50 below zero temperatures there is still a huge amount of warmth in the air. Hard to believe, yes. But considering that the coldest temperature is minus 273 degrees C (known as absolute freezing) it becomes much easier to understand that our winter temperatures never come close to that level of freezing. There is always an abundance of warm air even in the coldest Canadian climates.

However, these ductless heat pumps will not heat your house at these low temperatures, but they will provide heat to about 0 degrees C.

Conclusion? A ductless air conditioner can be an excellent choice for BOTH home cooling and home heating. Soundless, easy installation, and fit right in to any home decor.

By John Vanderheyden
Article Source: ezinearticles.com


Purifier Purifier


As you make a decision concerning the technology that suits your needs best, you can do your shopping and be sure exactly which device to search for: ionic air purifier, ozone purifier, HEPA air purifier or active carbon filter. But nevertheless, you must know that a perfect appliance is the one that has various technologies, it is the best way of protection from all kinds of indoor pollution: dust, pet dander, smells, smoke, chemicals, gases, germs, and others.

But there are lots of other most important specifications you have to pay attention to when choosing an air purifier for your apartment or office?

Area coverage. Think where you are going to purify the air: is it entire house, a single room, a vehicle, or somewhere else? Accordingly, select between an entire house cleaning device, a single room purifier or a portable device. Besides, the square footage of the appliance must comply to the size of the room you are going to use it in. This number can be greater, but can’t be smaller than the real size of the space. Plus, if you have strong room airflow, powerful pollution in the room, you should buy a appliance with higher square footage than your real room footage.

Electricity efficiency. Air cleaner is a device that must be work most of the time, and if it is wasting plenty of electricity, you will soon regret purchasing your new cleaner home once you have to pay your bills.

Cost of replacement materials. Some devices have filters that need to be changed after a certain period of time. Find out the cost of filters, ultra violet lamps, and other replacement details you will need when using the appliance, and calculate this money when purchasing your purifier. Sometimes a cheap appliance becomes very costly to use.

Noise level. Majority air purifiers use a fan to move the air through the filter. And often fans can be considerably noisy, that can be not much bothering, but might cause considerable discomfort, nervous disorders, sleeplessness when used continuously. This is even more important if you are purchasing an air cleaner for your nursery room.

If you choose an air purifier according to our tips, it will be a great device that will serve you long time and protect you from various home airborne pollution, save you trouble and will definitely become a good investment you won’t have to double-think about. Shop smartly and spend your money with a long perspective.

By Thom Kunos
Article Source: ezinearticles.com


Air Conditioning Unit Air Conditioning Unit
Air Conditioning Unit

Air Conditioning Unit

As a homeowner, you may have spent a lot of time and money on the exterior perimeters of your home. Many homeowners spend money on landscaping, plants, trees, and many other things to keep their outside looking new and up to date. All homeowners spend a lot of time keeping the outside looking attractive, and therefore having an air conditioning unit sticking out can look unattractive and can take away from the true beauty of all your hard work and money. There are several effective and stylish ways to hide your AC unit while still keeping your outside perimeters looking appealing.

Natural Tips

Begin by measuring height, width, and height of your unit. This is going to give you an idea of what you have to work with and what your options are for concealing it.

One great option is with green bushes or other plants of some sort. Take a trip to a gardening store and ask someone about the different options for green bushes to plant around your unit. Tell them you are looking to hide the AC unit and they will be able to better help you. A few good choices include yew, laurel, and holly as these are attractive and can get the job done.

Consider checking out different species of bushes as well as plants in case bushes are not recommended to use. This is also the case if bushes you like are going to attract bugs and other unwanted pests. Make sure you get enough plants or bushes to go around your air conditioning unit to conceal it. Make sure the required space for the bushes is doable around your unit. Some require the need for more space than others.

Keep your bushes and other greenery concealing your unit clean and trimmed regularly. Anything growing out of control or sloppy is going to result in the outside of your home looking unattractive to passer-byers.

Privacy Screens

Place 4×4 posts into the ground surrounding the area your air conditioning unit is in. Once in place, take a circular saw and cut them down to size so they are no more than 24 inches above the top of your air conditioning unit.

Next, you’re going to need to attach the lattice to the posts with wood screws. Install them at the bottom, middle and top of the posts. You can do this faster with the aid of an electric screwdriver.

Choose a stain or color of paint that you want to paint your lattice. This adds more personalization as well as style to the outside of your home.

If you are looking to instantly conceal your unit, you can buy large potted plants and place them around the area, or you can buy trees and plant them around the air conditioning unit. You can also opt for a L-shaped fence rather than doing a lattice or privacy screen. Keep in mind that if you are choosing to use plants, not all of them grow fast, so it will take time to grow to conceal your unit.

By Carol Simes
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Best Air Purifier Best Air Purifier
Best Air Purifier

Best Air Purifier

Did you know that you are at risk of being affected by pollution indoors? Buildings have become much more energy efficient. But the price to pay is that the air is often trapped in your home and can become even more polluted than outside air. The air is literally trapped in your home.

As a society we spend more time indoors than at any point in history. It only makes sense that you take measures to keep the air in your home clean. The best way to remove allergens and pollutants from the air is to use an air purifier.

Common Indoor Pollutants

Almost every home has mold and dust pollutants in the air. But there could also be pollen and other allergens, as well as bacteria in the air you are breathing. Do you have pets? Well there is another source of indoor air pollution.

Pesticides, cleaning solutions, and other volatile organic compounds can make their way into your home and be trapped in the air.

How to Select an Air Purifier

You want to look at air cleaners that excel at removing pollen and allergens, dust, smoke (if necessary), and odors. There are certain options you want to consider as well.

CADR – this stands for clean air delivery rate and means how much clean are the model can purify each minute. The higher the better here. You will want to measure your room in square feet and then select a purifier with a CADR ratings that equals 50 cadr for every 80 square feet.

Most people will opt for an air purifier with HEPA filters, which are fantastic at removing most airborne particulates. They guarantee at least 99.97% of all pollutants as small as.3 microns in size.

Another type of air cleaner is one which has an electrostatic ionizer. Basically, they use static to charge the particles in the air and this traps the particle. However there is growing concern that this type of purifier generates ozone which could lead to health problems.

Activated carbon filters are also popular in air purifiers. These are great for people who need to eliminate smells from their home. Charcoal filters also excel at trapping volatile organic compounds as discussed above.

There is a lot of information available on air purifiers, so it only makes sense to do some research prior to purchasing. You will want to read consumer reviews to find out what actual users think of various models.

What is the Best Air Purifier?

This will vary among consumers and it is wise to find those in similar situations and see what has worked for them. Typically among HEPA air cleaners certain brands always stand out. These are Blueair, Honeywell, and IQAir. Those aren’t the only brands of course. There are many brands and models available. Truth be told, it can be a bit overwhelming. But if you take your time and do your research you will be able to make a proper, educated decision and you will end up with the best air purifier for you and your family.

By Mitch Martin
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Best Air Conditioner1 Best Air Conditioner
Best Air Conditioner

Best Air Conditioner

you are looking for the best portable air conditioner, then this article will offer you some good advice. During the summer months the weather can become extremely volatile, and will never be definite. Some days you may be sitting in your house and you will be freezing cold, and have to turn all of the heaters on, others you will be sweltering, and because you have no air conditioning there is nothing you can do about it except try to remove as many clothes as possible and open the windows. This is where you can greatly benefit from a portable air conditioner. Not only are they useful during the day, they are extremely useful at night, where it can become that hot and sticky that you are unable to sleep. An air conditioner will keep you cool, as well as the room around you allowing you a good nights rest, ready for another days activities.

There are many different types of portable air conditioning units, some may be small, whilst others will be big and take up more room. This is something that you need to take into account if you are considering purchasing an air conditioner. It may be very useful to have your air conditioner out during summer, but what happens when it comes to winter? You will have quite a big unit which you will need to store away for the winter until it gets used again. This is where they differ. You may be able to get a portable air conditioner that has wheels, so it is easy to move around the house and to find somewhere to store it for when it will not be used. However, it is also possible to get a smaller unit, which will save space whilst it is being used, and also for when you come to store it away. You may want to put the unit away in the attic of your house, however this could be a problem if you have purchased a big unit as the weight may stop you from doing this.

Another thing which you need to take into account when you are looking at different portable air conditioner reviews is the noise that they produce. If you are using them during the night to cool you down and to get a good nights sleep, you need to think about and evaluate the level of noise that is being made by the unit. There are some which will be very quiet and you will almost not be able to hear them at all, however this will usually come at a price. Others which may be cheaper can also be louder, and so whilst making you cooler, the noise may keep you awake during the night. Also when it needs some maintenance, for example if it needs draining, it may well make a loud beeping noise. If this happens during the night it is likely to wake you up. Is this something that you really want? You need to properly evaluate and test all of the features of a portable air conditioner before you buy one, as it may prove to be a costly mistake if you don’t. It is a good idea to study a lot of the best portable air conditioner reviews before making a purchase.

By Chris Ranstad
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Gas Air Conditioner Gas Air Conditioner
Gas Air Conditioner

Gas Air Conditioner

Furnaces provide heat in the house and have been around for decades now; yet, they have undergone modifications and newer designs that suits this century. Gas furnaces in particular are a type of furnace that have been extensively developed over the years to make it more cost-efficient in the long run and with a higher annual fuel utilization efficiency rate or AFUE. With this standard considered, you can find one that would heat homes more effectively and efficiently with gas that don’t get wasted or burn your hard earned money just up the pipe. There are gas furnace reviews that may help one on how to choose the right type of furnace for one’s home.

It differs in price and in the annual fuel utilization efficiency rate or AFUE. Designs had been modified to have less carbon dioxide emission since it is dangerous to have carbon leaking into the house. Gas furnace reviews may help a buyer in choosing the right brand and the specifications that suit their budget and their need for a good heating system in their homes. Natural gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG) is used to fuel up the furnace. We need a very efficient contractor to set up and install our preferred furnace to avoid several more service calls and additional expenses that can be brought by improper installation.

Good reviews can be seen in brands like Trane furnace, Goodman or Rheem. Take the first step. They are known brands that may help one decide which gas furnace best suits one’s home. They have the less than 90 percent AFUEs and some high efficiency furnace. It is best to look for a new gas furnace when the old one starts to malfunction. Also, think hard whether if one’s furnace needs replacement or else it will be a waste of money. Winter days are bad for you too when there is no heating system in the house.

Choose the right heating system for one’s home. One may not need to have a high heat output furnace when the house is much smaller. It will allow the equipment to automatically turn on and off depending on the house temperature and it may soon shorten the machine’s capability to function well in the future. A bigger house needs a better heating system. So try to get the correct calculations before purchasing any new gas furnace. Some gas furnaces have air conditioners installed all- in- one so when there are hotter days, this gas furnace air conditioner can make magic in cooling one’s home.

It often comes in similar specifications in most brands however, prices or ratings may differ. So to assure that one will have the right furnace, purchase it from a reliable company and contact a reliable contractor who can install and maintain the equipment efficiently. Warranty varies from brand to brand however there are some brands that offer a lifetime warranty and fix things up for you. Interested? You may want to look up most of the gas furnace reviews.

By Pieter West
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Forced Air Forced Air
Forced Air

Forced Air

The forced air heaters are a very popular way for heating a home or an office. I believe that this fame is well deserved because these systems are actually very cost-efficient and effective. These systems represent one of the best choices that you can make for keeping your space a little warmer. These heaters are also highly versatile because they can feature central air conditioning.

A forced air heater works by getting the cold air from your room inside the cold air return duct and the cold air return, after which the air goes back in the filter. The air is then heated and blown in the room via a number of registers and ducts. You should also know that these systems are quite easy to maintain and that they offer a very wide range of benefits.

Here are a few tips for maintaining a forced air heater. It is highly advisable to replace or clean the filter on a regular basis. Some filters can be used for a few months, while other last even a year, but their life highly depends on how often you use them. A great method for blower blades cleaning is to add a few motor oil drops into the motor cup. You should also inspect the leaks and ducts on a regular basis and use duct tape to seal them when necessary.

If you find that some rooms are colder than the other ones it is important that you learn how to properly keep your forced air heater balanced. A very simple method to do this is to simply adjust the dampers that can be found in the registers. I also recommend that you keep your thermostat on only one setting, and let it like that for a few hours in order to properly stabilize the room temperature. This method might also need some adjustments in order to get the best results.

The truth is that these air heaters require a little bit of maintenance, but there shouldn’t be any problems for the ordinary user. If you find a problem that you have no solution for it is highly recommended that you bring in an expert HVAC technician. These technicians are trained to deal with difficult situations and I’m sure that they will be able to assist you with any problem that you might have, you can’t go wrong with them.

By Peter Sibierski
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Living without an air conditioner during hot summer days is sheer torture. It is often noticed that when an air conditioner breaks down, people panic to get it fixed quickly. In this panic stricken situation, they end up calling the first number they find.
But, how can one ensure that one is calling a quality a href=’http://www.thatsmyclimate.co.uk’ air conditioning /a repair company for help? If you don’t know anything about them, then there is a possibility that they fix your air conditioner only for temporarily. You will be lucky if you find a quality repair company on the first try.
When you hire an air conditioner expert, there are few guidelines you must follow to ensure that you pick the right person for the job.
Problems pertaining to an air conditioner always arrive uninvited. Your air conditioner can break down at any time, and that’s why it is important that you find the best repair expert who provides 24/7 emergency services. They should offer a guarantee that someone will answer your phone, or have a prompt call-back service available.
Few important things which you must keep in mind while searching for an expert in this field include-
– Make sure that you hire a certified technician to do the repair job.
– Always remember to ask the company about its bond and insurance coverage before giving permission to start repair work.
– Ensure that you do a complete check on the technician’s background. If possible, also find out if the company provides a drug and alcohol-free workplace.
– Always choose a company that offers a satisfactory guarantee on parts and labour.
– Some companies repair and service only certain parts of an air conditioner. Make sure that you ask your service provider about limitations, if any, before hiring.
– It is always advised that you choose a professional company that has uniformed, certified technicians with visible badges detailing their information. They should also provide an assurance that their technicians won’t leave you with a mess.
Proper research for the right provider always pays off. It is preferable to ask family or friends for recommendation. If possible, you can also search for reviews from past customers if there is any particular company you are looking for.
With the onset of summer, oppressive heat and humidity also tags along. High temperatures create an unpleasant situation, causing dehydration and headache, and make one feel uncomfortable. The summer heat is actually dangerous for small children and elderly people. This is why choosing the right air conditioner repair service is so very important.
Thus, you don’t have to be hot and miserable in the coming summer. Choose the right air conditioner repair service to make all the difference.
If you are looking for quick fixes to troubleshoot common air conditioner problems, then you certainly came to the right place. This article will present you with simple air conditioner repair solutions that you can do on your own. But of course, it is still highly advised that you seek help from certified and qualified technicians, like the HVAC Repair Atlanta or HVAC Repair Boston to ensure that your AC emergency will be dealt with accordingly.

In this regard, here are some of the common types of air conditioning problems that you are likely to encounter as well as their respective solutions.

Foul Smelling Air From The AC

If your air conditioner produces a foul smell or odor every time you use it, you certainly would want to know what seems to be causing this. Well, basically, moisture tends to build up within the unit. And if you do not clean your unit regularly, then chances are, stagnant water may have already accumulated inside. This is the perfect breeding ground for fungi, molds and mildew, which causes the awful smell. The best solution for this problem is to keep your AC unit clean at all times by changing its filter as instructed by the manufacturer. Also, be sure that your air conditioner is draining water properly so as to avoid accumulating water from within the unit.

Humming Air Conditioner That Does Not Blow Air

This is yet another common problem with air conditioning units. The humming sound usually originates from a seized motor or compressor. But most of the time, they create a buzzing or clicking sound rather than a hum but this still calls for a thorough inspection. If this is the case, you need to replace the faulty component so that the AC unit will start blowing air again.

Fan is Running But No Cold Air Comes Out

For this problem, you have to check the thermostat setting of the unit. Also, you have to listen if the compressor is making unnecessary noises. If it does not, check to see if the AC coils are clean and free of all kinds of debris. If you have inspected every possible cause and everything seems to be working fine, then the problem might be the refrigerant. If the motor is running but the unit is not producing cold air, then chances are the refrigerant is already critically low. Never attempt to carry on repairs on your own as this might void the warranty of the unit. That said, it is better if you bring it to the customer service center of the unit’s manufacturer. Or, allow a repair service person appointed by the manufacturer to check the unit.

Reduced Cooling Efficiency

If the AC is running properly but is unable to efficiently cool the room, the problem would either be a dirty filter or an appropriately sized AC unit. Perhaps, you have bought a unit that is too small for the room where it is installed in. If this is the case, then the air conditioner won’t be able to cool the entire room as it should. The solution in this kind of problem is to buy a unit that is appropriate for the size of the room where it will be placed in. Meanwhile, if the problem is a dirty filter, all you have to do is to clean it or replace it with a new one as necessary to bring back the unit to its peak cooling performance.

Having Air Conditioning is almost a requirement in the Tucson area. We can replacement Air Conditioning systems as well as service and repair most makes and models. We will supply and install any brand of Air Conditioning equipment your interested in. Our favorite brands are Day and Night and American Standard. If your not familiar with the Day and Night brand, Day and Night is made by Carrier Corporation. Most people know the American Standard brand, but most do not know that American Standard also owns the Trane brand. There are lots of brands out there, and it can be confusing at times. If you have any questions, we’d be happy to answer them for you.

New Air Conditioning SystemsTucson Air Conditioning Package System Install
If you think it’s time to replace your existing air conditioning system, we try to make it simple for you. You can look at our systems and prices online to get an idea of what is available. Once you have found the system your interested in, we can send out an estimator to look over your existing system and make sure the new system will fit. If your not sure what system you need, our estimator can help you decide that as well.

Energy Efficiency Tax Credits
Federal tax credits are available for $1500 dollars off new energy efficient equipment until December 2010. Also, you can get $250 additional on the same equipment from TEP as a rebate. So that’s $1750 off a typical $5000 complete AC/Furnace or Heat Pump system. This higher efficiency equipment will actually cost you less than cheaper 13 seers units. So your actual installation costs are less, plus you’ll save over the years on your utility bills.

SEER EER HSPF Federal Tax Credit
AC Split Systems 16 13 n/a 30%, $1500 max
AC Package Systems 14 12 n/a 30%, $1500 max
Heat Pump Split Systems 15 12.5 8.5 30%, $1500 max
Heat Pump Package Systems 14 12 8 30%, $1500 max

Air Conditioning System Repairs
Air Conditioning Repair
For basic repairs we come out to your home or business and diagnose the system. We charge $79 for the first half hour and $85 for each additional hour after. If the repairs appear to be major, we will give you a price to make the repair after our diagnoses is complete. You can then decide if you wish to proceed with the repairs.

We can do leak tests, electronic circuit testing, refrigerant charging, compressor replacements and more. Our technicians are EPA certified and ready to help your out.

System Configurations
Air Conditioning system make ups can be complicated. Here is a list of what you will need to find out before you begin looking for a new system.

What size unit do you need?

You need to select the tonnage. For Tucson area it is common to use 400 square feet living space to 1 ton. So a 3 ton unit could cool 1200 sq. ft house. Its best to compare it to the unit you have in place now.

What fuel do you plan to use?

Electric Cooling and Gas heating

Electric Cooling and Electric Heating (aka Heat Pump)

Split system or a package unit?

A split system is a cooling unit outside and a furnace or blower inside.

A package unit is when the cooling and heating are together in one unit outside.

Since this can be complicated, you can call us and explain your existing system to us, we will be happy to go over it on the phone with you. Also this list isn’t inclusive, there are other combinations and unit types, we listed the most prevalent here.

Seer Rating
Seer Rating is a measurement of how efficient the Air Conditioning unit convert electricity into Cold Air. A higher Seer rating is better. The minimum allowed Seer rating is now 13 Seer. Older units in town can be under 9 Seer. There are units that have over 20 Seer rating. Here is a link to a great tool that gives you an idea of what you can save with a higher Seer Rating.

Sizing Air Conditioning Systems
As stated above, for each 400 square feet of living room in your home you will need 1 ton of cooling capacity. Air Conditioning system are measured in Tonnage, usually residential units range from 1 ton to 5 tons. If home needs more than 5 tons of cooling, a second unit will be installed.

It is usually best to size the unit based on what you currently have installed. Try to find the tonnage or CFMs on the side of the Air Conditioning unit. 400 CFMs = 1 Ton. One CFM is one cubic foot of air per minute. If your units says 2000 CFMs then it would be a 5 ton unit. By the way, 5 tons is not what the weights, it’s a measurement of the air flow through the unit.

Over-sizing your Air Conditioning System
If your thinking about increasing the size of the unit, because you think it will be better. You should know, that if you get a unit that is too big (1 ton more than needed), it will cool the air in your house too fast. If you cool the air too fast in your home, humidity doesn’t get a chance to be removed from the air. High humidity will cause discomfort just as well as high air temperature. Also, a bigger than needed unit will cause larger swings in temperature. Two stage compressors can be oversized because they have a slower speed they automatically adjust to as demand decreases.

Under-sizing your Air Conditioning System
Most of us know what happens when you under-size your Air Conditioning system. It runs all the time, and the temperature rises beyond the comfort level. If your current system is doing this, you might consider going up 1 ton over your current system. If only certain rooms are getting hot, then you might have an air duct problem. You should have a technician come out and evaluate your system before making a choice if this is the problem.

Free Estimates
We offer free estimates to replace Air Conditioning Systems, Heat Pumps and Furnaces. We do charge for diagnostic work and other repair work. If your interesting in an estimate give us a call we’ll have someone out usually within 24 hours.

AC 1.10

Below we have provided preventative and easy-to-repair tips for your heating systems. If your issue cannot be resolved with our easy tips, we strongly suggest that you call us for an appointment. We will be happy to help.

Direct heat and central heat
Some 22 million American homes have a direct- heating sustems a throwback to the era of fire places and potbellied stoves. The heating apparatus exudes warmth directly to the space where heating system is located. Electricity provides a particularly comfortable source of direct heating. Resistance wires, similar in principle to the elements in a toaster, run through baseboard heating units or may be strung inside walls, ceilings or floors; individual heating thermostats control the temperature in each room.
The great majority of homes, however, have central- heating systems. These heating systems are popular largely because they are more efficient and can be located in an out-of-the-way place, yet can heat the entire house. Central heating systems are made up of several distinct units:
HEAT PRODUCER. This may be an oil, gas or wood burner, an electric heater or a heat pump, alone or in combination.
HEAT EXCHANGER. This unit is called a furnace if it heats air, a boiler if it heats water or makes steam. The air, water or steam goes through passageways inside the exchanger that keep it separated from the combustion gases of the burner; the gases are expelled through a flue. Any of these heat exchangers can be hooked up to any of the several kinds of heat producers.
HEAT DISTRIBUTOR. There are three types, one for each type of exchanger. In a warm-air system, the air is drawn into the exchanger by a large fan (a blower) and sent through ducts to warm-air registers. In a hot-water system, water is forced through the exchanger by a pump (a circulator) and sent through pipes to convectors, a type of radiator. Steam rises under its own pressure from the exchanger, going through pipes to radiators.
CONTROLS. Most homes have one thermostat in, the living area to turn the heating plant on and off. But some achieve closer control with several, and a few installations sense out side temperature in order to respond more to weather changes.
The most common problem with central sustains is uneven heat: rooms nearest the heat producer get too hot, those farther away never get warm enough. Since tinkering with one part of a system may affect other parts, adjustments may take days or weeks; so this is primarily a job for the homeowner.
Steam systems are least amenable to adjustment, but the heat of individual radiators can be regulated by turning the dial on each air vent (page 323). If your vents are not adjustable, change them; they are not expensive.

If your issue cannot be resolved with our easy tips, we strongly suggest that you call us for an appointment.

617 925-0214

Or send an appointment request online at [email protected] To do so, please specify your name, address and a brief nature of the problem. Once we receive your request we will contact you as soon as possible. We will be happy to help.


Cooler Air Cooler Air
Cooler Air

Cooler Air

Although swamp coolers and air conditioners were invented to turn hot air into cool, the science behind each method is quite different.

What is a swamp cooler?

It’s just another name for an evaporative cooler. Water is used to wet absorptive pads around the sides of the cooler. A fan or “squirrel cage” draws outside air through the pads and the air is cooled as the water in the pads evaporates. The major benefit of this type of cooler is that you only need to power a water pump and a fan to draw the air through the pads.

They typically use between three and 10 gallons of water per day. That’s equivalent to a few toilet flushes or, on the high end, a short shower.

Unless the relative humidity is lower than 30% or so, swamp coolers are not very effective. They work well in the southwest, west Texas, and parts of Idaho, Washington, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana. In those areas you should be able to achieve a 20 degree differential between outside and inside.

Also, for a swamp cooler to remain effective it must exhaust as much air as it takes in. This means keeping a window open. If you don’t, the humidity will rise and so will the temperature of the air blown from the cooler.

Air conditioning, on the other hand, is popular because it will reliably dehumidify and cool the air, no matter where you live. This how an air conditioner works:

The compressor compresses cool Freon gas, causing it to become hot, high-pressure Freon gas. This hot gas runs through a set of coils so it can dissipate its heat, and it condenses into a liquid.
The Freon liquid runs through an expansion valve, and in the process it evaporates to become cold, low-pressure Freon gas. This cold gas runs through a set of coils that allow the gas to absorb heat and cool down the air inside.

Mixed in with the Freon is a small amount of lightweight oil that lubricates the compressor.

Swamp cooler vs air conditioner: which is cheaper to operate?

In our friendly contest the swamp cooler wins handily. For similar sized units, even an air conditioner with and Energy Star rating uses 4-5 times the power needed to run a swamp cooler.

The difference is the amount of energy required to power an air conditioner compressor versus the electric motors used in a swamp cooler.

Which is better for the outdoor environment?

Unless you believe that soon to be outlawed R-22 refrigerant leaking into the atmosphere from your air conditioner is a good thing, the swamp cooler wins again. The swamp cooler maintains a Green profile by mimicking nature’s way of cooling.

The way in which an air conditioner or swamp cooler affects the indoor environment of your home is determined by the way it circulates the air. Although an air conditioner re-circulates the same air, this is helpful in controlling allergens such as dust and pollen.

Since an open window is necessary when running a swamp cooler, you’ll be letting in what the air conditioner keeps out.

Swamp cooler vs air conditioner: Which one wins?

I think swamp coolers are a good option since they’re relatively less expensive and much cheaper to operate than air conditioning as long as you live in Phoenix, Arizona. But if you call Little Rock, Arkansas your home, nobody’s going to talk you out of your air conditioner.


Air Ducts

Air Ducts Air Ducts
Air Ducts

Air Ducts

Air ducts are an often neglected part of your home. This is not surprising since they are hidden and do not have a tendency to need repair so it is easy to overlook them when it comes to maintenance and cleaning your home. The result is that the majority of home owners only clean their air ducts after a problem is discovered. The EPA agrees that air ducts should be cleaned on an as needed basis to prevent environmental and other situations from negatively impacting the quality of air in your home.

Cleaning your air ducts on an as needed basis is a good idea only if the cleaning is cone as a preventative procedure in response to a specific event or circumstance but not as a reactive response to an incident or circumstance. This will not prevent you and your family from being exposed to unhealthy air in your house if it is not brought on by to a specific situation. It is not unusual for mold to grow from ordinary deterioration of your air conditioner, a roof leak and a leaking pipe which can exist for years before being detected. Rodents and insects can be in your air ducts on and off for years without being noticed.

Instances of having your airducts cleaned as a preventative measure on an as needed basis include cleaning them immediately after finding a leaking roof, a leaking pipe, a nearby forest fire or industrial fire, a flood, home remodeling, insect or rodent infestation, moving into a new home.

Unless a member of your family has asthma or allergies, the biggest concern with air ducts is mold. Mold can cause a number of very serious health issues that typically take a long time and numerous expensive doctor visits to diagnose. Mold related illnesses regularly show up well after exposure to mold. Moreover, persons with asthma and allergies may be much more sensitive to mold and the consequences much more serious.

Unless you have your HVAC system inspected and serviced routinely and your air vents cleaned regularly, the most common ways people learn they have mold is:

• A member of their family gets sick

• They can smell it

If a member of your family becomes ill as a result of mold in the air ducts then it’s obvious the air ducts should have been cleaned sooner and there is real concern that other loved ones have been affected but the symptoms will not show up for years.

Mold is challenging to detect and apart from a family member getting sick it is most often detected by smell. Relying on smell to detect mold is not a smart idea because not all mold has an odor and secondly, if you can smell mold or mildew, your infestation is very likely serious.Not much mold is required to to cause difficulties, typically considerably less than is required to be able to smell it. By the time you smell mold, family members have very likely been exposed to the mold for an extended period of time which can have permanent health issues, frequently showing up years later.

The sensible way to prevent love ones from mold exposure is to prevent mold from entering your HVAC and ductwork. This is best done with regular professional air duct cleaning or diligent cleaning and inspection by the home owner.

Heating And Cooling

Heating And Cooling Heating And Cooling
Heating And Cooling

Heating And Cooling

Most people rarely think about their heating and cooling systems in their homes until the bill comes and it becomes painfully obvious how expensive it is to stay comfortable indoors. That’s because it takes 43% of your utility bill on the average to stay warm or cool inside your home.

In order to make your energy bills as low as possible, you should first make sure that you are using a heating and cooling system that is as energy efficient as possible. If your home has an older model system you may want to consider the considerable cost saving benefits of replacing it with a newer, more energy friendly model.

Another option you should consider is to make sure your home is as well insulated as it should be against air leaks. Air can escape from a wide variety of sources that you may not suspect such as windows, doors, walls, floors and ceiling that are poorly insulated. Even garage doors can be a major source of heat loss if they garage is connected to the home with a door that isn’t insulated.

If your not sure if you have a heating and cooling system that is energy efficient you can always have an HVAC tech come out and test your homes insulation abilities and measure your homes heating loss. They can also help you figure out if your system is the right size for your home and if not what size you need.

If you find yourself ready to upgrade your furnace, be sure to look for high Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) ratings of at least 78%. Energy star models can exceed 90% AFUE which is even better when it comes to saving on your energy bills. For cooling systems you are going to look at the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) of 13 or more.

If you have already taken the steps to upgrade your heating and cooling system and your home is properly insulated, there are still some simple steps you can follow to keep you heating and cooling system working at the optimum level. For example, you should clean your furnace filters every month or more if needed. You should also keep your air registers and baseboard heaters clean of dust and dirt to allow them to work at full capacity.

With the right heating and cooling system in place in your home and some basic maintenance of your system on your part, you should see a noticeable reduction in your energy bills without being uncomfortable hot or cold in your home.

Cooling System

Cooling System Cooling System
Cooling System

Cooling System

Your cooling system should be flushed every other year. No, I’m not crazy, but with all the new chemicals they use today, it will literally eat up the rubber hoses and deteriorate the heater core, and the radiator core.

Have a drain pan under the drain plug, or the lower radiator hose, to catch the old fluid. EPA doesn’t want you to let it run out onto the ground–it will contaminate Earth!

Make sure the engine is cold! Hot antifreeze burns dramatically and it will burn you, too!

If you can get to the drain plug, (sometimes it’s hard to get to) you can put a piece of 3/8 inch hose onto it. Put the other end into the drain pan and open the drain plug. This will let the fluid empty into the drain pan–that way all the fluid will go into the drain pan and not spread out and drip all over the place. Remove the radiator cap.

If you want, and it’s much faster, you can remove the lower radiator hose from the radiator. Use caution, though, you don’t want to break the neck on the radiator–that’s a no-no.

It is better to have the drain plug opened, though, when you start to flush.

A word of caution! Antifreeze/summer coolant is very toxic. Don’t get it on the body paint, or on your skin. Wash it off with water! Another thing, it will kill your pets if they drink it, so keep them, and children, away from it, remember, I warned you!:-)

Some vehicles have a vent plug. It’s located near the thermostat housing (where the upper radiator hose is connected to). Open this to vent: the fluid will empty out better.

Now will be a good time to inspect the hoses. Look at the heater hoses: are they swelled near the clamps? Do they feel hard, or real soft? If so, replace them. The same with the upper and lower radiator hoses. If your vehicle has a by-pass hose (from the water pump to the thermostat housing) check it also. Don’t be skimpy here, a little for a hose now will save a lot later. Replace the hose clamps, too, if they need replacing. I hate those “clip” type, and they are usually in need of replacing.

You can get a “flush kit” at most auto parts stores. Read the instruction as to how to install it. Most of the time you can cut the heater hose going to the waterpump and install it there. They are designed to be a permanent fixture: you can leave it hooked up.

After you have installed the flush kit you need to hook up the garden hose to the fitting. It might be best for you to remove the thermostat, as cool water will close it and restrict flow.

Turn the water faucet on, not too much, and leave the radiator cap off and the drain open. If water spews from the vent plug opening, put it back in.

Crank the engine and let it idle. Watch the fluid coming from the 3/8 tubing. When the fluid is clear as water, ha, you can turn the faucet off and then turn the ignition switch off.

You may need two drain pans to catch all the fluid, plus, you will need to find a place in your city to dispose the fluid: a repair shop, or disposal plant. Do not pour it out on the ground: EPA!!!

Let the vehicle cool down. After the engine is cold you can turn the water faucet on again and reflush. There is no need to restart the engine, just let the water run through the block, heater core, and radiator. Let this go for about two or three minutes, then you can turn the water off and remove the garden hose. Put the cap that came with the kit over the spout after you remove the garden hose…you won’t have to remove the flush kit, just leave it there for the next time.

They make chemicals to flush systems that have a lot of rust and deposits in them, but this procedure will work in most cases.

Be sure you have the lower radiator hose clamp tight (if you removed it), and have the drain plug tight (remove the hose if you put one on).

Now you can add your antifreeze/summer coolant. Depending on where you live, most vehicle manufacturers recommend a 50/50 solution. Look in your owner’s manual and see what they recommend. If your vehicle holds two gallons of coolant, then you want to put in one gallon of coolant and one gallon of water.

If your vehicle doesn’t have a vent plug, you can fill the radiator to the top, then crank the engine. Note: If you removed the thermostat, be sure to reinstall it, I’d recommend installing a new one.

After you crank the engine, let it idle. Watch the radiator filler spout, water may overflow. If it does, put the cap back on. Feel of the upper radiator hose. When it gets warm to hot, then the thermostat has opened and you can remove the radiator cap slowly. If no water tries to escape, then you can remove it and add water.

Most vehicles of late have a plastic reservoir. After you have the radiator full you can fill the reservoir to the line on the side of the container, “full cold”, with water.

Now, start the engine again and let it idle. Look for leaks (repair them if you have any) and watch the temperture guage. If you have a light you will have to feel of the upper radiator hose to tell when the engine is at operating temperture: the hose will be very hot. Most vehicles run a 190o thermostat, so you won’t be able to hold the hose very long, unless you’re a hot-metal worker. icon smile Cooling System

No leaks? Temperture ok? Fluid level full? You’re a genius! You are ready to do some more “maintenance” on your vehicle, and you don’t have to take it to the repair shop.

Air Conditioner

When it gets warm outside, your air conditioner becomes your best friend. This is most definitely true in your car, where temperatures can sky rocket to 170 degrees under direct sunlight. But most people these days are under the impression that the more you run your air conditioner the more gas your car will guzzle. Now that gas prices are higher than the cost to eat at McDonald’s, people are starting to take precautions and do what they can to help with their cars fuel economy. The assumption that running your air conditioner burns way more gas is somewhat untrue. Leaving your air conditioner off makes barely any difference in the amount of gas you burn. With the advent of modern, more fuel efficient cars, this myth is busted!

The air conditioner draws its power from the engine which uses some gas, but with today’s cars, this use of gas is minute. The air conditioner can decrease the fuel economy of your car up to 20% in some vehicles, but it depends on the type. Driving with the air conditioner is more fuel efficient than driving with the windows down. Driving with the windows down creates drag which means that your engine has to work harder to keep your car at the current speed; this burns more gas than if you just ran your air conditioner.

In the long run, using your air conditioner is far better than any other means of cooling yourself off in the car, unless you’re driving in traffic. When you drive in traffic you aren’t going very fast so the drag on the car is minimal. In these cases, you burn more fuel running the air conditioner than having the windows down. That makes sense. When you drive on the highway you can use either the air conditioner or the “window down” method to cool yourself, because, honestly, there is no noticeable difference in gas usage at those speeds.

Here are some tips about you and the heat in your car. Before you get into a hot car, roll down the windows and let it air out. There is nothing worse than getting into a hot car, sitting on a lava hot seat, touching a super hot steering wheel, and breathing stuffy super heated air. Your car needs some time to cool down for itself and for you. Once you believe it is cool enough to actually sit on the seat, turn on the car and run the air conditioner on recirculation. This will help the car cool down much quicker, and you can be on the road fast without sacrificing a layer of your precious skin.

So now that you know the air conditioner can be your fuel efficient friend, maybe you won’t be so quick to turn it off or ignore it in favor off putting the windows down and choking on bugs. The air conditioner in your car burns much less gas than your window method, so give your air conditioner a chance and be cool in the heat.

Air Conditioning Coils Air Conditioning Coils
Air Conditioning Coils

Air Conditioning Coils

Every air conditioning unit includes two coils that bring in cool air, and blow out warm air: The evaporator coil, often called the “indoor coil” and the condenser coil, often called the “outdoor coil.” In modern air conditioning units, there coils are usually made of tubular copper or thin aluminum fins. Keeping these coils well maintained, and free of dust and contamination, can extend the life of your air conditioner, and ensure peak performance.

Air Handler Coil

Inside the home is the air handler, and within this unit resides the evaporator coil. This coil absorbs the heat from the air within the home, sending cooler air out in its place. These coils are partially protected by air conditioning filters, which should be replaced ever 30-90 days. But despite filtering, dirt and debris from the air flowing over the coils does land on the coil. It is important to clean off this dirt to keep the evaporator coil functioning properly, and ensure proper cooling of the building.

Condenser Coil

Outside the home is the air conditioning condenser. This unit includes a condenser coil, which takes the warm air that has been removed from the building and blows it off into the outside environment. These condenser coils are open to the elements; while this is necessary for proper air flow, it also means that these coils can get filthy with dirt and debris, including leaves, grass clippings, germs, and bugs.

The Horrors of Dirty Coils

Dirty coils are less efficient at transferring heat. Thus, the entire air conditioning unit has to work harder in order to cool the building. This puts additional strain on the unit, which can cause early unit failure, or insufficient cooling. In addition to causing early unit break down, dirty coils can actually reduce the energy efficiency of a cooling system by 30 percent.

Keeping Coils Clean

Keeping the indoor coil of the air handler clean usually requires an air conditioning professional. This coil is usually buried inside the unit, behind the filter or an access panel. The coil is very delicate, and needs to be cleaned with the proper amount of air pressure and cleaning solution. Evaporator core cleaning, if done regularly from the time the coil is new and clean, can be done simply with a soft bristle brush, or low pressure forced air. Once the coil becomes more contaminated, a mild cleaning solution may need to be applied; this solution is left to sit for five minutes, then rinsed away.

Cleaning of this coil should be done at least once a year in areas where the cooling season lasts four to six months, more often in areas or buildings where the cooling is done more often. It is also important to remember to change the filter regularly, which will help keep the coil cleaner, and increase air flow to the unit, increasing efficiency.

To keep the outdoor coil in the condenser healthy, and to ensure long term cooling of the building, it is imperative to keep the area around the coil free of debris. It is also important to clean the coil itself, at least every other season, preferably every season if the air conditioning is run for more than four months out of the year.

When neglected, air conditioning coils can become severely contaminated, actually resulting in degradation of the coil, and eventual failure of the entire cooling system. But, with regular maintenance, your air conditioning system can do its best at cooling your home, and can last you a very long time.

Forced Air Furnace Forced Air Furnace
Forced Air Furnace

Forced Air Furnace

If you are like many people, you may have a forced air furnace. These are quite popular nowadays due to their being quite energy efficient. However, to keep the energy efficiency, you will want to keep the furnace maintained and clean. This is not too difficult, simply do it once or twice a year and you should keep your costs down.

Whether you have a gas or electric furnace, you will need to know how to maintain it to keep up the high efficiency. This will help you avoid costly repairs and make the furnace last longer.

The first thing you should learn how to do is check your air filters. Air filters are supposed to keep your air clean and they do this by trapping all of the dust and dirt in the air. This means that the more often you clean them, the cleaner your air is for you to breathe.

Your furnace may have a permanent filter, or a disposable filter. If you have a permanent filter then you will need to clean it the way that the manufacturer recommends. A disposable filter needs to be replaces, which is quite easy. Either way, you need to know how to get into your furnace and get to your filter.

Before doing any type of maintenance to your furnace, you should turn the power off to the furnace. Do this at your circuit breaker box. Now go to the furnace and open up the cover in the front of it. You will need to look for a door or compartment marked ‘filter’.

This door may need to be unscrewed or simply lift it off of its hooks, look around a bit and see what it needs. After you take off this door, look for the filter. It should be mounted beneath the blower motor. Slide it out and check to see if it is permanent or disposable, it should say right on it.

If the filter is disposable, throw it out and replace it with a new one, before throwing it out, be sure to write down the model number so you can be sure you replace it with the right one. If it is not disposable, clean it according to the directions on the filter. Either way, replace the clean filter in the same place you removed the dirty one.

While the furnace is open, you may as well so a few more things to help improve its lifespan. Vacuum up any debris inside and clean off the blades well.

By John Streta

Article Source: ezinearticles.com


Air Ducts Image Air Ducts Image
Air Ducts Image

Air Ducts Image

An ordinary question that is asked by many people who are worried about the hygiene of their air ducts in their home. It is a rather straightforward and simple to follow task to do when doing it yourself, as cleaning air ducts in your house hold is something you will want to know how to do should you not want to spend money on the cost for hiring a duct cleaning company or air duct cleaning equipment. So the answer to the question can I clean my air ducts myself is an uncomplicated yes.

Can I clean my air ducts myself? The answer is yes. As time goes by, the air ducts that you have in your home will increase with fragments, mold and dirt. The elimination of these unnecessary contaminants will make sure that you give your house hold cleaner air as well as to make the cooling and heating systems in your house hold run much more competently. This job would be best suited for the expert companies who would have the essential equipment for doing such a job, but it can be done by yourself, which would lead to you having some added benefits as well as the likelihood to save on the cost when going DIY. When you want to start cleaning ducts, there are a small amount of things you need to do in order for you to do this DIY task in the approved manner.

The initial thing you will need to do when you clean your ducts is to slice open two access panels so you can simply reach the areas you need to clean. You will have to cut one access panel at the face of your duct in the main supply line and the second breach should be near the main return line which is generally situated at the rear near the furnace. After that you will have to fasten a specifically made, high powered vacuum system in to the holes that you have made. But you have to make sure that you fit the nozzle in to the gaps properly and firmly, as to prevent any dust, mold and or debris from diminishing out.

Next you will need to fasten up all the vents in your house hold to avert any contaminants from escaping into your clean air. Once you have ensured all the vents are potted, you can power up the special vacuum, which creates a negative pressure in your duct system that starts the air vent cleaning process. Once the vacuum is running, you will have to open each vent individually in order to contact its ductwork. Then you must clean all the contaminants from the ductwork back towards the furnace by the means of air powered hoses. Lastly, you must take away the vacuum’s nozzle and reseal the breaks.

There are a lot of benefits in knowing how to clean your own air ducts, as air conditioner duct cleaning services can be rather costly. The answer to can I clean my air ducts myself is now an answer you will know.

By Lee Andersons

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Duct Vent Duct Vent
Duct Vent

Duct Vent

Vent duct cleaning is something which is not paid its due importance in a household. It is always that you talk of pollution outside in the place around which is visible but what about the indoor air which you breathe. It is dirtier and more polluted than the visible outside one. Most people do not realize that the bacteria mold and ducts are lurking in the air ducts and vents in their homes.

Vent duct cleaning is important, as the dirt residing there does not cause only nuisance, but can also be hazardous for one’s health. It can cause problems such as asthma and respiratory allergies. To save yourself from any such problems you should vent duct cleaning at least once a year if not once in the spring and again in the fall.

Usually vent duct cleaning is left to professionals because the job is quite involved. Vent duct cleaning must be thorough to be effective. It’s important to know which factors comprise a proper vent duct cleaning so that you do not become the victim of lazy vent duct scam artists. Some vent duct cleaning companies charge low rates and then they skimp and cut corners in their cleaning methods.

To get into hands of a proper vent duct cleaning, it is necessary to know the steps involved in its procedure. A proper vent duct cleaning includes the following things. It takes care of cleaning of all registers, the furnace fan cleaning, cleaning of inside of all ducts. It even includes cleaning of the inside of ventilation and heating system. The air conditioning and heat pump coils is a nother story and needs to be conducted by a profesional in that feild. The vent duct cleaning should run disinfectant through the duct vent system to kill any bacteria, mold and mites that is lingering.

There are 2 different methods used for vent duct cleaning. The first involves cleaning with a large vacuum brushing system that works its way through the ducting system and the other involves a high-pressure air hose being forced through the ducting system to remove debris and particles. Usually a proper vent duct cleaning takes round about 1.5 hours (depending on the size of your home and it costs depend on the amount of ducts and cold air returns. Thus a substantial amount of money is paid but it is worth to improve the quality of air inside your house.

For more information about Vent and duct cleaning please have a look at this link: Vent and duct cleaning | Dallas | Houston | San Antonio | Austin | Fort Worth

By Ross Morrell

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Air Storage Image Air Storage Image
Air Storage Image

Air Storage Image

By way of introduction, air compressors are pretty straight forward machines. Most models that the average home owner or small business owner are familiar with work on some pretty basic principles. They use an air tank that has a valve that can be opened and closed, allowing pressurized air to build up inside the tank to be used later to run pneumatic tools. These tools range widely from simple tire inflators, to paint sprayers, to nail guns and others.

The power plants on these machines are usually either electric motors that just plug into standard outlets, or gasoline powered engines that require fuel. Both are good options and each has its advantages. Electricity is clean, quiet and inexpensive. Gasoline allows air compressors to be truly portable. Your application will determine which is the best option for you.

Air compressors come in both stationary and portable form, but their basic function and use is the same. Assembly of each type is simple. Once you have the unit unpacked and have verified that all the needed parts are there you can begin. On some portable units there is no need for assembly. These are truly as simple as it gets. Just attach an air hose and tool, make sure the air tank is closed and set the air gauge to your required setting. Plug it in and let the pressure build, being sure to monitor the pressure so you can adjust it according to what you need. That way things stay safe.

Larger air compressors require you to do some basic assembly. This usually amounts to attaching a handle on the back, maybe a couple wheels on the other end, and a few rubber feet. One thing to remember when doing this is to make sure there is a small tilt toward the drain valve. Air compressors build up moisture during use that has to be drained out of the tank every time you are finished using it. Doing so will help insure that rust and corrosion doesn’t shorten the life of the tank.

As for maintenance on air compressors, it is also a pretty simple affair. As with any machine that does work, it is a good idea to keep it clean, and to keep moving parts oiled and lubed. Electric units just need to be kept clean. When you first hook up a tool to the hose, just add a couple drops of tool oil into the air connector on the tool. This is probably the biggest help you can do yourself for insuring longevity of your tools. Air compressors have safety valves. These should also be checked often to verify their proper function. If your unit uses oil, just be sure to stay on top of regular oil changes. Air filters come on these models and are just as simple to check. Remembering to do the basics is usually the challenge. We get busy and forget. I like to keep maintenance records. Find what works for you.

Storing air compressors couldn’t be easier. Cool, clean places where they are protected from getting banged into is about it. The larger models are usually located where they are stored. Smaller units can be taken out and used and put back when finished. Many find that just putting these back in the original box is a great way to store them safely. Air compressors set up easily, are simple to maintain and require nothing special to safely store. They are amazing machines that can be expected to give years of faithful service.

By MJ Marks

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Cooling Tower Image Cooling Tower Image
Cooling Tower Image

Cooling Tower Image

When you have chosen to use the cooling tower water treatment system, it is most important to remember to not ignore the maintenance required. The water carries bacterial growth in it whether it flows through the faucet or if it is flowing through a cooling tower. If this water is not treated as soon as possible, it can rust and corrode and deposits will form inside the water treatment equipment. This reason makes the cooling tower water treatment system so very important.

Problems From Not Maintaining The Cool Tower

When you do not keep up the proper maintenance on you cooling tower water system, you will find that many different problems will come up. These problems can include scale formation, corrosion, and biological fouling.

Problems With Scale Formation

Scale is what is formed when wet solids get clogged in the pipes. This scale is made from heat and cold water that contains a very high mineral content. These deposits will continue to build up over time. If these scale deposits start to form on a heat exchange surface, they will eventually clog the passages and slow the system down. The cooling tower can also be affected by the scale deposits. If the deposits block the flow of the basin or fill in the cooling tower, problems arise.

Choosing to use a cooling tower water treatment system will help to stop the problems of scale deposits. It is a very budget friendly way for you to treat the problems you are having but also to lower the maintenance and the cost of maintenance on the cooling tower system itself. The majority of money that is spent each year is on the removal of the scale deposits from the inside.

Inside Corrosion

When metal starts to dissolve, you have what is known as corrosion. Oxidation effects break the metal down significantly. The breakdown will cause the system to degrade at a faster rate than normal. The major point being that when the metal starts to break down, the strength of the metal and the thickness off the metal are reduced. The structure of the metal can no longer stand up to the pressure that it was designed for and pits and craters can form in the metal.

A cooling tower system will help to stop the corrosion from happening. The better of the treatments for corrosion is the ozone treatment. There are also other methods that work just as good.

Problems With Biological Fouling

Problems with biological fouling occur when the water has not been used and left for long periods of time. When the water is left unattended, it has the potential to form bacteria, fungus, algae, and protozoa. The microorganisms will eventually get to large proportions in the water and will cause a biological film to form on the surface of the water. This film is very hard to get rid of. This is what is known as biological fouling.

The biological fouling problems are commonly known to be the worst problem that you can encounter with the cooling tower system. The problems that can occur with biological fouling are low heat transfer, the fill can stop working properly, the water flow can be restricted or blocked, or corrosion can occur from the microorganisms present. It can also result in health problems for the humans that are using it.

The use of a cooling tower water system helps to get rid of this particular problem. When you purchase a good system, it will remove the bacteria, viruses, fungus, and any other organisms that should not be in the water. The cooling system will help the fouling that is a problem with the biological affects in the water to not occur. When these nasty things are removed from the water, it will definitely improve the quality of the water and also the flow of the water through the tower.

By Dave Faulkner

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Images Of Air Quality Images Of Air Quality
Images Of Air Quality

Images Of Air Quality

Lately, a lot of attention has been given to the air we breathe outside. Pollution is a big deal these days and cities all across the world have instituted air quality alerts and control measures to try to keep their citizens safe and healthy. With that said, did you know that your home air quality – that is, the air actually inside your home – can be unhealthier to breathe even than the air outside in large, polluted cities such as Los Angeles and Beijing? Allergy sufferers will attest to this firsthand. Harmful particles such as dust, dust mites, pollen, pet dander, tobacco smoke, and many others circulate and stagnate in your home air, harming your lungs and respiratory system, aggravating your allergies, and putting your health at risk.

The best way to eliminate this threat to your health is with a quality air purifier. But there are so many of them out there, how do you know which one to purchase? This guide will help you make the right decision for you and your family’s health.

Here are the main criteria to evaluate when buying an air purifier.

1. What is your budget? Air purifiers cover a wide gamut of price ranges, so first you want to establish how much you are willing to spend on one so that when you are comparing across several units, you are doing so with units that fit into your specified price range. You don’t have to break the bank on an air purifier to get a good one, but this is something that is too important to your family’s health to simply look for the cheapest discount option.

2. True HEPA filters only! You only want to consider air purifiers which contain a true HEPA filter. These filters will capture a staggering 99.97% of all airborne particles down to 0.3 microns in size. This will literally eliminate all pollen, dust, dust mites, tobacco smoke, and pet dander from your home. Do not fall for cheap units which claim to have a “HEPA like” filter. There is no substitute for a true HEPA filter.

3. How big of an area do you need to clean? Any unit you evaluate should have listed the maximum room size it is able to clean effectively. This can range from 100-150 square feet up to 900 or more square feet depending on the power of the air purifier. If you have a large house and you want the whole thing to have clean air, you might consider using more than one air purifier. Personally, I use a large model for the open space that encompasses my living room, kitchen, and dining room, and a small, quiet unit for my bedroom.

4. Compare extras. The above paragraphs outlined the basic criteria that must be present for an air purifier purchase to be worth it. As you compare them, you will notice that some units have some special features that while they aren’t vital, some people strongly prefer to have them. These features include a carbon prefilter that captures large particles and keeps them from clogging up the HEPA filter, thereby prolonging its life; an ultraviolet light to kill bacteria and other biological airborne contaminants; and an ionizer to release negative ions into the air, which some people believe makes the air healthier to breathe. If one or more of these extra features are important to you, focus on selecting an air purifier within your budget which offers them.

Your home air quality is vital to your health as well as the health of your family. Don’t let the air you breathe inside be even worse than the air you breathe outside. By choosing a quality air purifier for your home, you can be confident that you are doing all you can to keep your family safe.

By Gregory Phillips

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Images Of Air Ducts Images Of Air Ducts
Images Of Air Ducts

Images Of Air Ducts

As a homeowner, you have probably wondered if your air ducts should be cleaned. Air duct cleaning companies are constantly advertising about the need for their services. They show you disgusting pictures of dirty air ducts, mentioning that there are all sorts of little critters living in your air if your ducts are dirty. However, the cost of an air duct cleaning is quite substantial, so you should make sure that your air ducts need to be cleaned before you sign up for cleaning services.

Look at Your Family’s Health

The first, and probably most important, thing you can look at to decide if your air ducts need to be cleaned is your family’s health. When your family members start experiencing breathing problems, unexplained illnesses of any sort, or a sudden onset of asthma, your air ducts could be to blame. Poor indoor air quality can cause a wide range of physical problems for the family that is living in a home.

Keep in mind, however, that there have been no studies done to conclusively prove that having your air ducts cleaned can fix health problems. The particles in the air that are causing the health problems in your family may not e coming from your air ducts. However, cleaning your air ducts cannot make the problems worse, and sometimes it does appear to help, especially when family members are suffering from breathing problems.

Have You Had Unexpected Guests?

If you have had a recent infestation of insects, mice, rats, or some other unexpected and unwanted guest, you should have your air ducts cleaned. These little critters love to live in air ducts, and they leave behind dead bodies, waste, hair, and dirt. These cannot be completely removed without the help of a professional air duct cleaning service. Also, you may not know exactly where in your air ducts the little critters are living, so getting them professionally cleaned will ensure that you got all of your unwanted houseguests.

Do Your Air Ducts Look Dirty?

One of the most obvious signs that you need to have your air ducts cleaned is the way they look when you inspect them visually. If you can see dust and debris in the air ducts, then chances are they need to be cleaned. You can stick a vacuum hose down the air ducts, but you will not be able to reach all of the gunk. Only a professional has the right equipment to reach all of the space inside your air ducts.

Also, if you can see a film depositing itself on the walls or floor around your air ducts, then they need to be cleaned. This film is the junk that is being put back into your air whenever your furnace or air conditioner kicks in. Again, only a professional can reach all of this debris.

Got Mold? Get a Cleaning!

A final indication that you need to have your air ducts cleaned is visible mold growth inside your air ducts or HVAC system. This requires professional cleaning, and is definitely not something to be ignored. Mold spores cause health problems, so get those air ducts cleaned if you spot mold growth.

After you have cleaned out the mold, contact an HVAC professional to help you determine the cause of the mold. Remember, mold will return if the cause is not corrected. This will mean you will have to have your air ducts cleaned yet again, so get the professional help you need to stop regrowth of the mold you have just removed.

With these tips, it is easy to know whether or not you need to have your air ducts cleaned. If you do, schedule a cleaning with a qualified and licensed air duct cleaning company. Soon your family can be breathing clean, healthy air again!

By Amy Nutt

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Pic Of Heating Air Conditioning Pic Of Heating & Air Conditioning
Pic Of Heating & Air Conditioning

Pic Of Heating & Air Conditioning

How many of you belong to an electric coop? If so, do you receive a monthly magazine from them with little tidbits of information on how to save energy in you home? Well, I do and most of the time I don’t actually read the magazine. But, today I did and let me share with you some of the tidbits of information it told me.

1. Set thermostats to 78 degrees in summer, 68 degrees in winter. I have almost always followed this. Especially in the winter. Always run your HVAC system on auto. This is the most efficient setting for your unit. We recently remodeled an old house and we made sure that we had plenty of insulation to make the house more energy efficient. Check to see if the relative humidity inside your house during the summer is at 60% or higher.

2. Run ceiling paddle fans on medium, blowing down in summer and up in winter. There is a little switch on your ceiling fans to be able to switch the way the paddles rotate. This really does help to make your room more energy efficient.

3. Change HVAC filters monthly. This is very important. When the filter is dirty, it doesn’t work efficiently. Sometimes you might find that you may have to change it more frequently. Check the types of filters available and don’t be cheap. Get a decent filter for the conditions of your home. Also, make sure the filters are facing the correct way. They usually will say on the filter. Remember to have your unit checked at least once a year by a professional to make sure that you have no problems. If you have a window A/C unit, you will also need to change its filters monthly and be sure to check that you have properly placed weather stripping around it. Read the directions that came with your window A/C unit for proper use.

4. When heating or cooling, keep windows locked. Also make sure that your windows are the correct type of windows. Check the rating of your windows with where you live. Energy efficient windows will keep the cold out . Check to make sure your windows and doors have the proper weather stripping. Caulk around the outside of your windows. Closing your shades or curtains at night during the winter will keep the heat in the house and closing them during the summer days will keep the heat out.

5. Insulate electric wall plugs and wall switches with foam pads. This is a very easy thing to do. You can buy these foam pads almost anywhere. Check the hardware section of the store. Just screw off the face plate and place them inside. Even if your walls are insulated, you will still loose a certain amount of energy through the wall outlet.

6. Caulk along baseboards with a clear sealant. You can usually paint over caulk, if you want it to match the paint in your room. This is another way to make sure that your house is sealed correctly from any air flowing in or out.

7. Close fireplace dampers when not burning a fire. You would be surprised how many people forget to do this. Not only does it allow the outside air to come in, causing a draft, but it also can allow birds and other things to come in as well.

8. Caulk around plumbing pipes, phone lines and electrical wires that come through the wall or floors of your home from the outside. This will prevent air from coming in and any bugs that might squeeze through, as well.

9. Make sure inside and outside that the vents are not blocked. For your house to run efficiently you need to be sure that air flows properly inside and outside.

10. Insulate attics, attic doors and keep attic doors closed tightly. Remember heat rises.

By Wendy Greif

Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Aircon Installations Aircon Installations
Aircon Installations

Aircon Installations

If you need an air conditioning system installing, then perhaps you know what you need, what to look for, and which company will install it for you. Alternatively, you might not know where to start.

Here’s what you should consider

1. You’ll need to work out your requirements. A small shop will have different requirements to a hotel or office block. Will you need to add to your air con system? Will you have server rooms to consider? What about your restaurant and kitchen? Remember that you’ll also need to budget for anair conditioning maintenance schedule too, so that your system is covered for any eventuality. You won’t want to have to wait weeks for an engineer.

2. You’ll want plenty of help and assistance so that you get the right system for your needs. You can’t be expected to know all about heating and ventilation, and you don’t want to be sold the wrong system. Is there an air conditioning design service available?

3. You’ll want your air con installation company to work with your construction team if it’s a new build. Working within the requirements of the relevant building specifications, and with architects and builders and other tradespeople, will mean that your air conditioning system will be installed properly, and as part of the building, rather than an afterthought.

4. It’s essential that your air con company understands your business requirements. You’ll want to be treated like an individual, and no two businesses are exactly the same. Not all shops will have the same requirements and not all hotels, offices or restaurants will need the same things.

5. Your installation company should be qualified in the systems that they sell. You’ll feel reassured that they do actually know what they are doing, and can improve your heating and ventilation.

6. The air con company should have plenty of experience, and ideally in your industry, or in similar sectors, so that they are able to suggest the right sort of air conditioning systems for you. You don’t want to discover that you are their first customer in your industry.

7. With a substantial portfolio of satisfied clients across various sectors, you can be sure that you’ll get the professional installation that you want, and the air con that you need.

8. It’s important that you have plenty of brands and models to choose from. you won’t want to have to make do with a system that’s not really right, because it’s the only system the air conditioning installation company offers. By having different brands and models, you won’t have to compromise.

9. When you’re having your heating and ventilation system installed, you’ll want to make surer that there are minimal disruptions. Perhaps you can ask the air conditioning installation company to work out of hours, such as at the weekend or when your shop is closed, so that you don’t have to shut down your busy company for a period of time.

10. No matter which air conditioning installation company you choose, or system you need, it’s important that you’re getting value for money. There’s no point in choosing a system that isn’t right for you, and won’t meet your needs.

Now you know what to look for, you’ll be able to choose the most suitable air conditioning installation company.

By M James
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Air Conditioner Filters Air Conditioner Filters
Air Conditioner Filters

Air Conditioner Filters

If you have a central air conditioning unit, you know that it is an expensive piece of equipment that has a lot to do with how comfortable you are in your home. In order to make the most of this investment, you have to take care of your air conditioner. Part of taking care of your air conditioner is making sure that you change out the filter regularly. This is important for the health of your air conditioner unit, and for the health of yourself and your family. The filter in your air conditioning unit traps the unwanted particles that reside in your home, and keeps them from re-circulating back into the air. Filters keep your home from being overrun with dust, mold, and bacteria.

Typically, you can find air conditioning filters at your hardware store, and even in some cases at your grocery store. This disposable filters come in all sizes, and you should be able to find one that will fit in your unit. They are fairly inexpensive, but they do not last forever. It is important that you purchase and replace these filters at least every one to two months. It is always a great idea to buy them in bulk, so that you have a supply on hand to change out your filter when it starts to get too dirty. Changing out the filter every three months or so, will help you keep a cleaner house with cleaner air for yourself and your family.

There are also filters on the market that you only have to purchase once. They are made of washable materials instead of the polyester that the disposable filters are made out of. You will have to pay a little more for one of these filters, but most of them come with a lifetime warranty. These types of filters will save you money in the long run, because cleaning them is as easy as taking it outside and spraying with your garden hose. They can also be cleaned as frequently as you would like, making the air in your house free from dust, mold, and bacteria. These types of filters are an investment worth making.

You are now probably wondering why changing out the air filter is so important. There are many reasons. A clogged air filter does not trap allergens or dust making the air in your home stale and dirty. If your allergies start acting up, suddenly it is a good idea to check your filter and make sure it is clean, if not you have found your culprit and you should take care of that immediately. Filters also trap a lot of the dust that naturally occurs in any building. If you are not found of dusting your furniture or vacuuming then maintaining a clean air filter will help you do these chores with less frequency. Filters also help prevent the spread of harmful bacteria and viruses, so during those when the flu is rampant it is a good idea to make sure your filtration system is not causing more harm than good.

When it comes to comfort, health and cleanliness of your home, it is better to be safe than sorry. Make sure the air filters in the air conditioning unit are clean, and make sure you are performing the proper maintenance on your unit to ensure that it is working efficiently. Nobody wants to be uncomfortable in their own home, and part of that is making sure it stays at a good temperature, and that you and your family are breathing clean fresh air even when you are inside. Air conditioning units will break from time to time, and the repairs are always expensive, but checking the unit and cleaning it properly will go a long way toward protecting your investment.

By Ethan D Orman
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Mini Split Air Conditioning Units Mini Split Air Conditioning Units
Mini Split Air Conditioning Units

Mini Split Air Conditioning Units

What you should know about installing a mini split air conditioner in your home. If you have an older home that was built without an original central air conditioning system then you might be the perfect candidate for a mini split ductless air conditioning system. Unlike larger split air conditioning systems you will not have to install elaborate duct work through out your home. Depending on the space in your attic installing ductwork can be simple or a complete nightmare. In addition to installing the duct work you must also install a return air grate somewhere in your home and the large air handler.

The air handler is the piece that contains the fan that circulates the air throughout your house. It draws in the cooler air from the return grate inside your air conditioned space and accelerates it through the coils which actually cools the air to whatever your setting is on the thermostat. The air handler is usually rather large and if you have a small attic your will have to locate it somewhere within the house. Most often they are installed in a closet or in the garage if there is a shared wall where a return grill can be installed. Some people do not like to have the air handler in the garage because of the humidity and constant sweating due to the temperature difference of the inside and outside. Not to mention air handlers are not very aesthetically pleasing.

On top of installing the air handler you must also find a location to install the compressor. This is usually the large cube shaped piece of the system that sits outside your house. Ideally you want this piece to be as close to the air handler as possible. There are a couple of copper pipes that run between the compressor and the air handler. With the current price of copper it is in your best interest to have these two pieces near each other as long runs of the copper pipe can get rather expensive. On top of that the compressors of larger traditional split systems are rather large. You may have trouble finding a large space to pour a concrete pad to set a larger compressor.

If all of this sounds a little hard to follow then you should definitely consider a ductless mini split system. With a mini split air conditioning system you will be able to cool your home in different zones which is ultimately more energy efficient. For example at night you may only want to cool your bedroom where you are sleeping. This means you are only paying to cool the area of the house that you are using. You will not have to install any ductwork and can simply mount the head of the system on most any wall. The easiest installation would be to put the head on an outside wall but you can easily install the system on interior walls. The compressor part of a mini split system has a very small footprint and you can also run multiple heads with just one compressor. The size of air conditioned space you have will ultimately determine the number of heads you need to efficiently cool or heat your home.

In 2010, HVAC Raleigh, an HVAC company servicing the Raleigh, Durham area of North Carolina had mini split ductless air conditioners make up thirty percent of their sales. This was up from five percent in 2009. So before you pay to have an HVAC Contractor retrofit a larger traditional split air conditioning system in your home you should get an estimate for a Ductless Mini Split System. They are very competitive on price to have installed and are definitely more energy efficient!

By Danny Jacobs
Article Source: ezinearticles.com

Air Curtain Air Curtain
Air Curtain

Air Curtain

Have you noticed that when you enter some commercial establishments that right there at the entrance you are greeted, not by the security guard, but by a sudden gush of strong air coming right down from the ceiling? That forceful air is coming straight from one of those air curtain doors.

What are these air curtains to begin with? These are nothing more than electronic air blowers that release a strong and continuous current of air. It is directed either straight down to the floor or at an angle towards the entrance or exit, whichever way you are facing it. If you think it was placed there just to make you feel that strong air, you are wrong.

That is because there are major uses of these air curtain doors. The most common ones include:

To keep outside odors and fumes away from the room you are protecting. If you have an enclosed area that should be kept free from any foul smelling odors but you need to keep the entrance always open (maybe for continuous human traffic or transfer of goods and equipment) then installing an air door is your best option.

Want to keep dust, dirt and other contaminants from entering your facility? This is the device that is right for your needs. By blowing directly at the direction of which these pollutants would be entering the room, it will block it and push those pollutants away from the entrance. Of course this is not perfect because a person may carry the same pollutant within his body or clothing, but nevertheless this air blowing device is a good first line of defense.

If you need to maintain the temperature of the room and again you need an entrance that is always open, installing an air curtain is a sensible thing to do. It serves as a blanket of flowing air that helps block or prevent the outside air (of different temperature) to contaminate or change the temperature of the room.

But it is not just the entrance of a room that you can use such a device. In fact there are air curtain manufacturers who create such blowers to help dry up the conveyor belts of a manufacturing facility. It is a heated type of air curtain that effectively and quickly dries a conveyor belt or any part of the manufacturing equipment.

These air doors are also perfect for keeping all those pesky winged insects from entering your facility. Of course nobody wants any insects whether you are running a restaurant, a cold storage facility, a manufacturing plant, or a warehouse. These air curtains will surely do the job for you.

If there is one thing that these doors are not meant to be then it is for security purposes. For obvious reasons you cannot use an air door to secure a room especially from unauthorized personnel.

So there you have it. These are some of the top uses of air curtain doors. Do you think you need one for your facility? Talk to the nearest distributor in your area today.

By Reed Slidell
Article Source: ezinearticles.com


plumbing 1.13

Are you in need of a plumber?

In any modern man made society, plumbers play an important role. Plumbers are required for a variety of jobs related to the installation and maintenance of water supply systems. There are many specific plumbing jobs and different plumbers specialize in different jobs. You may have found yourself in need of getting some new pipes in a home. Or perhaps, you’re having problems with the pipes that are already in your home. Whatever you have going on with your fixtures and your plumbing there’s a good chance you’re looking at hiring a plumber to solve these problems. This could leave you curios as to what kind of services they offer and if you should have a plumber around often for any sort of routine maintenance.Plumber Salt Lake City installs and maintains piping systems that allow water and gas to reach all parts of the building and sewerage systems for dealing with waste. They are also responsible for the installation and maintenance of all hardware, fixtures and piping relating to these services.

When Should You Consider Hiring A Plumber?

Plumbing installations, fixtures and systems are essential components of all residential, commercial, institutional and industrial developments. It is crucial that water supply, sanitary and drainage plumbing meet high standards on an ongoing basis to ensure there is no risk of contamination. That said, if you are building, renovating or extending your home, it is vital that you hire a plumber to install the appropriate plumbing system. Plumbers are required in any renovation or installation of wet areas like laundries, kitchens and bathrooms. They are also required to install gas systems like cooking or hot water systems. Even if you are not building or renovating, you may experience common problems like a leaking tap or ruptured pipe in which case a plumber will need to be hired.

A plumber can:

install plumbing and sewerage systems;
connect your plumbing systems to the mains water supply;
install fixtures or appliances – such as toilets, taps, sinks, gas appliances and so on – that will be connected to plumbing or gas systems;
fix problems with your piping, gutters, drainpipes, sewerage system, hot water system, air conditioning unit or other devices related to your plumbing system;
install and repair water filters and anti-scalding devices; and
unblock drains, replace old plumbing, and detect leaks in water and gas systems.
What Sort Of Skills Should YouExpect From A Plumber?

Apart from the obvious skills of installing, repairing and maintaining fixtures and systems, depending on the type of project plumbers may be required to read blueprints, drawings and specifications to determine the layout of water supply, waste and venting systems. Plumbers should be able to locate and mark positions for pipe connections, passage holes and fixtures in walls and floors. Plumber Salt Lake Cityprofessionals can measure, bend, cut and connect pipes using hand and power tools/machines, and can test pipes for leaks using air and water pressure gauges. It is very important that plumbers are aware of the relevant legal regulations and ensure safety standards and building regulations are met.

New Constructions

If you’re getting a new building constructed then you’re going to want a professional plumber to help you with the pipes and plumbing needs. You don’t want to have anyone besides a licensed plumber work on it for many reasons. First of all a plumber who is licensed will know what the state codes are for pipes and drainage. If you use a contractor that isn’t an expert in the skill of plumbing you could end up with code violations and then later down the road with broken pipes or other problems. Another good reason to use a plumber for your new construction is to make sure that you get a quality job. A plumber will know where you need to use certain pipes and the best spots to get these. They will also know how to easily set up lines to major water ways or sewage. This could save you money over the long run.

Clogged Drains and Problems with Leaks

Another service a qualified plumber will be able to easily provide is to fix your clogged drain. While at first this may not sound like something you need a professional for, you’d be surprised the benefits of using a plumber. You may use a pourable substance and experience relief from the clog for some time only to find it becomes a constant problem. Over the course of time you may end up spending more money on solutions then you would if you had hired a professional to clear the drain. Their service will last longer and if it clogs back up within a certain time period they will often fix it. This also applies to leaks. There are many things you may try on your own to fix a leak only to discover floor damage later on because it wasn’t truly fixed. When you hire a plumber the work will be completed to last.


There are many older homes that have old lead piping throughout. This can actually pose a health hazard to those living inside the home. One way to determine if you have these in your home is to have a plumberout. They will be able to assess the pipes you have and offer the best way to remedy the situation. They can tell you what pipes will work for your plumbing and what the cost will be. Then they will be able to install the piping for you so you don’t have to worry about the quality of your drinking water.

Additional Services

Although you may only think of a plumber when you have slow-moving water or a clogged drain, but many companies offer an array of other services. For instance, you may have a garbage disposal that’s been acting up or just may not be working as well as it used to. A Plumber Salt Lake Citycan help not only fix the problem, but offer maintenance services as well to ensure your disposal lasts as long as possible. In addition, you can get your professional to either service the water heater you have or even provide a new one for you. Furthermore, some companies service or repair air conditioners. So be sure to find out all the services you professional offers.

What Questions Should You Ask Before Hiring A Plumber?

If someone has referred a plumber to you, be sure to check the type of job the plumber was called in for, and if the plumber specializes in residential or commercial work. Ask people who can vouch for the quality of their work and whether they completed the job on time and within budget. When you’ve found a prospective plumber, ask how long they’ve been in the business – more often than not it’s a case of the more experience, the better. Other questions to ask your plumber include if they provide 24-hour emergency service. Emergencies could include blockages and burst pipes, and you’ll want to make sure that you’re covered for these. You should always ask for a quote once you’ve narrowed your choice down to a few plumbers, it helps to ask two or three of them to inspect the job and provide a written estimate that includes a materials list. Not only should the quote outline the prospective payment due, but it should identify the scope of the project and the payment terms. When seeking a quote, it is important to ask the Plumber Salt Lake Cityabout the type of materials that will be used. After all, a plumbing part defect has the potential to cause a lot of water damage. Look for quality materials with recognizable brand names that offer manufacturers’ guarantees and warranties.


The demand for commercial and residential plumbing companies and the services they provide has been around since the first water closet was installed. The intricate and ancient Roman aqueducts are thousands of years old, and still work in part today thanks to the skills of the first plumbing engineers. And providing running water to baths, sinks and appliances only guarantees the need for experienced plumbing companies further. Where people need water, professional plumbing companies will need to provide plumbers to install the pipes and framework. Obviously, this also guarantees ongoing maintenance when problems arise in the future. This makes plumbing a much-needed evergreen service as long as human beings depend so heavily on water, the building block of human existence, regardless how technologically advanced we become.

Whether a one-man operation or a large nationwide firm, plumbing companies of many different sizes exist at all levels of the industry. And while some small family operations have existed for several generations, plumbing alliances on a larger scale can be quite beneficial to the individual tradesman. This guarantees a steady flow of work, provides individuals time off for vacation or any unforeseen extended absence or illness, and all the incoming work still gets done. Smaller operations generally cater to the domestic market or small business, and usually focus on emergency repairs and regular maintenance, upgrading where repair is not a viable option.

And professional plumbing services do not come cheaply, but this is a skilled trade whose tradesman are in high demand. Because of this cost, many homeowners attempt a DIY project. Aside from not always being the wisest move, in many cases this is illegal and goes against the local housing code. Certainly, the replacement of a simple leaking faucet, washer or gasket should be no problem for the household handyman. However, this should only be attempted when you are sure that there is no underlying problem, or your efforts could cause more harm than good.

Generally, unless you only need the most basic of repairs, it makes financial and common sense to call a professional plumbing company. These experienced pros can quickly diagnose the problem, and the extent of the repair or replacement needed. Many times, where you see the symptoms of a faulty plumbing system, this is simply a manifestation of a deeper or hidden issue. Paying for a professional plumber now can save money, time and frustration for years.

Just as smaller operations focus on the residential customer, larger plumbing companies exist primarily to handle commercial institutions. And just as many companies keep a lawyer on retainer, the same businesses have a plumbing company on contract. And where new construction is concerned, plumbing companies are needed for the initial installation of framework and appliances. In the case of handling a contract for an entire business complex or development, this could turn out to be quite lucrative work. Materials can be purchased at a lower cost in bulk and paid off over time, and there is little down time between work, meaning maximum profit margins. Because of this fact, some companies owe their very existence to new development contracts, and specialize solely in this area.

While many plumbing companies still advertise in your local paper and telephone directory, that traditional search has moved to the Internet. Wise plumbing companies understand they can create a web presence for a fraction of the cost of print advertising, but some companies have been slow to move to the World Wide Web. Search engine optimization and website development are essential tools for a plumbing company’s existence online, and not all plumbing companies are prepared to advertise this way. Also, the mobile phone is the first search employed in many emergency situations, and the smart plumbing company will have a presence there as well.
Do you have plumbing questions? Maybe you’ve noticed your water costs gradually increasing over time. Perhaps you know an incidental repair needs to take place, but you aren’t sure about the next step to take. And sometimes you may simply notice that your water supply is not as it should be or appliances connected to water are not operating properly. Your knee-jerk reaction is to immediately call a plumber. Of course, everyone wants to save money, and this leads some talented Do-It-Yourselfers to believe they can affect the repair needed. And while this can be the case in some instances, generally the best idea is to call a trained professional with any plumbing questions you may have.

Usually, the most common plumbing complaints center around minor problems. And as mentioned above, someone with even a rudimentary understanding of plumbing can affect minor repairs or replacements. Sometimes though, it is worth paying more upfront for a professional even if the job is small, rather than repairing yourself. Many times you will have to make several trips to your home improvement warehouse, and the time and money spent on this small repair is often offset by simply picking up the telephone and calling a pro.

Plumbing questions involving leaks are generally answered by replacing seals, gaskets and other internal parts which have worn down. In some cases, an entire piece or section of plumbing may need to be replaced. And while most homeowners can replace a faucet washer, this is generally a false economy. An entire faucet assembly can now be had at a very reasonable price, and delivers an improvement in appearance as a well as functionality. Actually, the replacement of an entire faucet assembly is less intensive than removing internal parts, and takes much less time. If your questions are more extensive, and have to do with the actual piping and infrastructure of your plumbing, an on site evaluation is probably needed.

The answers to these and other in-depth plumbing questions can only come from a trained and licensed professional who has years of experience in the field. In today’s economy, we all feel the need to save money at every turn, but this is not an area where penny-pinching is recommended. Slapping a temporary band-aid on a bigger problem can only lead to larger problems with much more expensive solutions in the near future. Leaking joints and warped or damaged pipes should be replaced, and not repaired. This demands the expertise in sealing the union that a professional can provide, and can probably do with his eyes closed. Don’t attempt to save money here and affect the repair yourself.

The biggest problems for any plumber obviously arise when a small number of pipes affect the water supply for multiple commercial or residential properties. The person who first reported the issue should be applauded, but he is not the only one who will suffer if a quick and efficient solution is not employed. Immediate shut off of the main water supply will be needed, and this often times means no advance notice to the affected residents. In some drastic cases, secondary water supplies may even need to be considered.

But in case you feel comfortable in affecting the repair yourself, getting your plumbing questions answered quickly and correctly has never been easier. The powerful instant delivery of worldwide information on the Internet puts you in touch with everything you need to know. There are active forums and blogs where you can look for the answers to frequently asked questions, or leave a post or comment and check back for responses. Bear in mind that the efficacy of this information can not be determined, and that is why consulting a professional plumber for an estimate is almost always the smart move when plumbing questions arise.
Residential plumbing is one of the many crucial cornerstones of 21st-century society. Both entering and leaving our homes, water provides for cleaning, washing, drinking, cooking and removal of sewage and waste products. And on a daily basis, we in Western society take for granted this incredibly efficient system as often as we use it. That is, until problems arise. And even when the best possible plumbing supplies are used, normal wear and tear of these man-made products will eventually lead to a need for repair.

The vast majority of the plumbing infrastructure in a residential unit involves getting water supply into the house and dispersing it throughout. Your kitchen and bathrooms will make up for the majority of water usage, if not all of it. Certainly, you may have outdoor faucets and other water-based applications. But whether indoors or out, plumbing only works due to the pressure that builds up before a valve is opened. And the system can only work effectively as long as all the many individual parts remain in good repair and do their jobs accordingly.

Every residential plumbing application requires ongoing maintenance by the homeowner, and this is especially the case in those geographical locations which experience extreme weather. When pipes are not insulated properly and freeze, they can burst. When this happens, the solution moves from repair to replacement, and that can get expensive. The installation of secondary water heaters, pipe insulation and covering, and even housing for external pipes is crucial where temperatures plummet, and the initial cost is far outweighed by the money and frustration saved over time. Ongoing maintenance and repair of residential plumbing applications is one of the few areas where the homeowner needs to get involved.

Extensive residential plumbing repairs should always be carried out by licensed and reputable professionals, and in many cases, even the simplest of maintenance or repairs is mandated by your local housing codes. And as far as speed and efficiency goes, professional plumbers have handled your particular repair or maintenance hundreds if not thousands of times, and can be in and out quickly. There are situations where the replacement of a leaky pipe is better than the repair, and a trained professional can make the correct decision quickly. And while damage of a pipe or joint often times means simply replacing that individual part, there are times when more extensive replacement is needed. In the case of old plumbing pipes and infrastructure, adding new piping places more pressure on the old and worn joints and unions, thereby requiring the replacement of the entire system.

It would be wonderful if every domestic plumbing job simply required the replacement of a single faucet or pipe in a house or apartment. However, those times do arise when a pipe supplying an entire apartment complex or housing development bursts. In the most fortunate of cases, the leak will be minor, and will not require water to be shut off. But usually a burst main pipe requires at least a temporary cease in the water supply. In the best case scenario residents can be alerted in advance, but this is not always the case.

Emergency repairs obviously require a much higher labor rate, but regular residential plumbing jobs and services can usually be carried out with very short notice and a lower rate. When an emergency arises however, this is not the time to be fumbling through the Yellow Pages or an Internet search engine. Do that research now, and program the number of multiple emergency plumbers into your cell phone. And if you own a smartphone, you can even store the actual website of a residential plumbing company. Usually there is a “Tap to Call” button which allows for instant access, and a quick solution to your plumbing emergency.
Dallas plumbing is a long established industry serving all sectors of this thriving city area, from apartment dwellers who suddenly notice a leak within their faucet to the constructoin supers who are erecting huge commercial skyscrapers and office buildings. Whatever the purpose of a modern building may be, it is certain that it’ll need a water system and extensive plumbing. In a large metropolis such as Dallas, there are many long established companies set up to provide these systems, and to preserve them once they are in place.

When you need plumbing Dallas can serve you in whichever method you need. There will always be a constant demand for repair services in almost any modern city, as it is simply impossible to create a plumbing system which will last for ever. Even when materials are created which are much more durable than the ones being used today, there will still be times when washers will come loose, and other times when pipes receive harm from unforeseen circumstances such as leak and freeze ups. The housing stock of Dallas has largely been created to a high standard and plumbing installations have a relatively good record of giving years of trouble free service. It is comforting to know, though, that if the service is needed it will be well served by Dallas plumbing.

It is not only emergency work that the local plumber can help you with. If you want to renovate your apartment or house, or if you want to develop an extension of that you have more room to work in, there’s a good chance that you will need plumbing work done at some stage. If you are overseeing the project yourself, you will need to find your own plumber from the crop of plumbers who serve this area. If you hire a master builder, they will have the contacts you need and may even have a discount system in place.

These contracts which are typical throughout the Dallas plumbing industry can be virtually priceless if they cover the construction of new buildings. Where a new construction takes place, there will be a constant need for plumbing work, and this can be extremely lucrative. New developments for apartments which are all substantially similar, give the opportunity to carry out multiple jobs at roughly the same specifications. This conserves an enormous amount of time, and it also provides the possibility of achieving bulk discount rates on materials.

The future for Dallas as a metropolitan area is likely to see further growth, especially in the commercial sector. A contract to supply the plumbing related needs to just one commercial skyscraper can keep an entire firm associated with plumbers occupied for years at any given time. There is likely to be a consolidation of plumbing firms, because smaller companies merge to become larger ones and try to make the most of these new opportunities. This in turn will create a vacuum for new smaller services to be formed to satisfy the neverending buoyant, domestic market.

You’ll have no difficulties finding a Dallas plumbing contractor whenever you need one, but the problem may be fitting your project into their busy schedule. With regard to anything other than emergency work, it is always better to plan the arrangements well in advance. Most Dallas, Texas plumbers will still have a presence in the traditional advertising media, but the Internet is the place to look. Presently you will not only find the plumbers you need but you can also find reviews from independent customers which can help you make a choice. As time goes by, more local plumbers will be optimizing their websites to appear on cell phones, making it even easier to browse the options available in Dallas plumbing.
Sometimes when you need plumbing help, it is often a “right now” emergency. The supply of water we take for granted on a daily basis requires regular maintenance, and when things go wrong, they often give us no notice at all. We use water dozens of times each day, but hardly think twice about what is involved in getting it to us. And when things go wrong and we are staring at the potential for massive and expensive flood damage, we need to know how to reach a trusted professional that can handle this frustrating emergency in a hurry.

Probably the most important thing to remember regarding plumbing problems is that they can strike with no warning, and be absolutely devastating in scope. Something as important (but small) as a coupling or joint which has been wearing away over time can give away totally, and massive amounts of pressurized water are immediately released. Although this is extremely rare, and leaks are usually minor, it does occur. And when it happens, you need an immediate answer. Everyone in your home should be trained as to the location and correct use of the water shut-off or stop cock valve. Quick action here can save literally thousands of dollars, as well as unneeded stress and strain on the members of your family.

Once the water supply to your home is cut off, there are many things the home DIYer can do, even if there has been a break in the pipe infrastructure. Changing the washer on a leaking faucet is relatively simple, and replacing a joint or union in a pipe supply line doesn’t require much more skill. As long as you have the needed supplies and tools, and the problem is obvious with no underlying issues, someone with an above average level of practical skills can handle the repair. Even the most extensive damage to a pipe can be totally overcome by simple replacement.

But unless you are 100% certain you can handle the job, getting professional plumbing help is the right call. Just as you are well trained and experienced at what you do, these skilled tradesmen have spent years as apprentices on the job, and even more years experiencing every imaginable plumbing scenario as a professional in the field. Diagnosis of the problem is quick, and in many cases will actually be less extensive and expensive than you originally imagined. And also, where you see a small problem and a band-aid solution, a trained professional may understand there is a deeper issue. Calling a reputable professional definitely costs more money upfront, but saves money and mental stress for years.

Of course, a multi-unit apartment or complex with a burst pipe is even more urgent, since the problem can be multiplied by several apartments or commercial units. Knowing how to shut off the water supply to the entire complex here is even more important, as the damage can obviously become exponential and get out of control in a hurry. Knowing how to get professional plumbing help on the job as soon as possible is absolutely critical.

Of course, as is often the case, prior planning and research can minimize the mental strain and financial damage caused. Our modern-day cell phones can store hundreds of numbers, and this is a great place to list several options for local emergency plumbing assistance. And our current smartphones even allow for access to the Internet, and smart plumbing companies have structured their mobile websites with a “Tap to Call” button. Finding these particular plumbers has never been easier, as a quick search on your computer or smartphone gives you local and relevant information immediately. Take this important preparatory step now, and you will be a hero when emergency plumbing situations arise and you need immediate plumbing help.
Are you afraid of diy plumbing repairs ?
Does it seem like every time that you try to fix that leaky faucet or that running toilet, something else happens and it just gets worse?

Does it feel like a simple 10 minute job turns into 2 hours?

Repairing plumbing in your own house can be difficult without the tools and knowledge necessary as well as being a money pit but it does not have to be this way. This website is your one spot stop for experienced plumbing help!

I want to help alleviate some of the do it yourself plumbing stress and make plumbing easier on you! This website is dedicated to helping beginners and weekend warriors accomplish these tedious plumbing jobs.

I wanted to put this website together to be the bridge between the “big box” plumbing stores like Lowes and Home Depot or your local plumbing repair parts store and the average do-it-yourself individual. That crazy terminology, the hard to understand instructions, and the fear to mess up while dealing with so many small parts are just some of the worries of typical diy plumbing individuals.

For 12 years now, I have worked in the plumbing industry selling plumbing repair parts at Specialized Plumbing Parts Supply in Edgewood, Kentucky. I have seen the difficulty that beginners and weekend warriors can have relating to plumbing repairs and how to fix their plumbing issues. I would like to share the knowledge and information that I have gained over that time with you!

In this business, you can never know everything and I continue to lean on my coworkers and rep agencies if there is something I am unaware of or if there is something new that I have not seen yet. I relate very well to the beginner and weekend warrior do it yourselfer and most of the time think the exact same way you do. That is why I feel that I can help you!

DIY plumbing repairs can be stressful but there is no need to worry! We can walk through these issues together through our easy to follow how-to guides, tips and advice.

Coming soon will be a webstore where you can find most of the common and hard to find plumbing supplies . This will include faucet cartridges and repair kits, toilet fill valves, flappers, and much more.

I will also have a special section on products Made in America which is unfortunately few and far between. However, there are still some plumbing manufacturers out there still producing their products in the USA!

Faucet Repair Can Be Easy! There Is No Reason To Stress!
Faucet repairs can be very difficult with so many different kinds of faucets available but there is nothing to stress about! We have the answers to all of your faucet repair questions right here!
Where Do You Get Your Plumbing Supplies From?
When you are looking for repairs parts, where do you like to go? Lowe’s, Home Depot, & the local plumbing suppliers are all great options! You must find the right place for you to get what you need!
Contact Us With Your DIY Plumbing Repair Questions!
Please fell free to contact us with any comments or questions about your do it yourself plumbing repair problems! We would love to have your input be a part of our website!
This Page Is About Me To Show Customers Who I Am
DIY plumbing can be a lot less stressful for customers if they know who they are dealing with. This page will show you who I am and give you an insight into me as a person and a professional.
DIY Plumbing Repairs Blog
DIY Plumbing Repairs Blog is to keep the do-it-yourself homeowners up to date on tips, how to’s, and new information and technology in the plumbing industry are added to our website!

Faucet repairs can be very difficult with so many different kinds of faucets available but there is nothing to stress about! We will walk through the different kinds of faucets to make things simpler.
To start off, there are typically three main kinds of faucets in your house. They are kitchen faucets, bathroom faucets, and tub and shower faucets. These faucets are the ones used every day!

Many people struggle with repairing faucets but I want to show you that it is not that difficult. There are several things that you need to know about your faucets to make them easy to identify. These keys will make life much simpler on you if you have to go to a plumbing supply house to get whatever repair parts you need. These keys will remain the same whether you have a kitchen faucet, bath faucet, or tub and shower faucet.

#1 What Brand Faucet Do You Have?
The first thing that you need to know is what brand your faucet is. This does not always happen though. You may have moved into your house and do not know what brand faucets that you have or you may have just forgotten what brands you have. We can still figure out what you have from knowing the following.
#2 How Many Handles Do You Have?
The second thing that you need to know is how many handles does your faucets. Your kitchen and bath faucets will have either a single handle or two handles. Your tub or shower faucets can be single handle, two handles, or three handles.
Graphic of different handled faucets

#3 Do You Have A Cartridge or Stem?
The third thing that you will need to know is whether your faucet has a cartridge or a stem. Typically if you have a single handle faucet, you will have a cartridge which is the picture on the left. If you have a two or three handle faucet, then you have a stem which is the picture on the right.
When you have a cartridge or stem go bad, the faucet will begin to drip out of either the aerator in the spout, the shower head or the tub filler in the tub.

Cartridges typically must be completely replaced because there is nothing that can be replaced on or inside of it. Delta Faucet , Moen, and Kohler are some of the major brands that use cartridges in their tub and shower valves. Moen uses their cartridges in all of their single handle faucets.

On stems, brass and some plastic, typically have a washer on the back of them head on by a screw that needs to be replaced when the faucet begins to drip. Some faucets have a brass seat underneath of the stem that is removable. When this seat has been roughed up, it can rip up the washer on the stem and cause a leak. This seat needs to be replaced as well.

Plastic stems most commonly do not have a washer on them. Usually they have a seat and spring underneath it that uses pressure to turn it on and off when the stem is rotated. Delta Faucet’s stem with seat and spring are the main example of this style. There are several company’s like Gerber, Price Pfister, and Glacier Bay that also use this technology in many of their faucets as well.

Graphic of Delta Stem with Seat and Spring!!!!

Your stem could also be a ceramic stem. This can be brass or plastic on the outside and white ceramics on the inside. A ceramic stem will not have a washer on it with a screw. Instead there will be a thin rubber washer with a hole in it where you can see the white ceramic pieces inside of it. The rubber washer is solely a buffer so that the ceramics are not scratched when the stem is installed.

Ceramic stems are not a new technology even though they seem to have become more popular now. These stems are in a lot of faucets now but there are some drawbacks to them. The ceramic discs in these stems can scratch very easily when they come into contact with sand, dirt, or grit in the water lines. They can also be scratched very easily if they are touched by your hands so that is part of the reason that you can not by the ceramic disks to repair the stems separately. The third drawback of a ceramic stem is the price. They can run anywhere from $10 up to $60. This can be jaw dropping to homeowners that purchase the faucets for close to $30 to $40.

#4 Is Your Cartridge/Stem Broached or Square?
The fourth thing that is good to know about your faucet is to know whether the stem is squared or broached at the top (where the stem enters the handle). Even if the stem is broached, you will need to know more because there are several different sizes of broaching. Counting the “teeth” will give you another key piece of information.
Graphic of different broached stems

#5 There Is Nothing Universal About Plumbing!
The fifth and final key that you should know is that plumbing, not just faucets, are like cars. You can not put a GM motor into a Ford engine. It just will not work correctly. There is nothing universal about plumbing. You can not just run to Lowe’s or Home Depot and just pick up any stem or plumbing repair part to fix your faucet. It may take some searching and you may even need to call your local plumbing supply store. These local specialized plumbing stores carry much more of a variety and more in depth stock of stems and repair parts that some stores do not have on their shelves.

Do Your Part To Conserve

For information about some of the environmentally friendly products we use at Central Plumbing, see our Drain Cleaning page.

Energy Saving Tips
Green Heating & Cooling:

In the winter, your heating system is probably your biggest energy user, accounting for 13 to 16 percent of your monthly bill.
For every two degrees you lower your thermostat, you can save approximately 5 percent on your heating costs. Install a programmable thermostat to help regulate the temperature throughout the day.
Check filters every 2 to 3 months and clean or replace them.
Have your entire system checked annually by a licensed contractor.
Properly insulate the attic and walls of your home.
Patch and seal leaks and insulate your duct work in spaces such as attics, basements, crawl spaces and garages.
Keep doors and windows closed when you have the heat or air conditioning on. Also, weather-strip your doors and windows.
Portable space heaters are best when you’re trying to heat one room. However, if you use more than one, it can cost more and use more energy than if you used your gas furnace to heat your entire home.
Use fans in conjunction with air conditioning to help circulate cool air.
Strategically planting trees and high bushes around your home (on the southern side which gets the most sun exposure) to help provide shade in the summer and insulation in the winter can save you hundreds of dollars each year on heating and cooling costs.

Switch to Energy Star CFL light bulbs which use up to 75% less energy than a regular light bulb and last up to 10 times longer (an average of 7 years).
Run heat-emitting appliances such as dishwashers and dryers at night so they won’t contribute to daytime heat.
When using a dishwasher, only wash full loads, use the energy-saver setting, and let dishes air dry.
Whenever possible, use cold water to wash clothes, wash full loads and hang clothes outside to dry.
Clean dryer filter after each load and have dryer vent cleaned once a year.
Unplug appliances and electronics when not in use.
Always buy Energy Star qualified appliances and equipment such as water heaters, furnaces and air conditioners – they’re up to 40 percent more efficient.
Water Saving Tips

Install faucet aerators, low-flow showerheads, and low-flush toilets.
Fix leaky faucets, toilets and hose bibbs. You can save 20 gallons of water per day for every leak you stop.
Shorten showers – you can save 2.5 gallons per minute.
Turn off water when brushing teeth – saves 1 to 2 gallons per minute.
Wash only full loads of clothes – saves 15 to 50 gallons per load.
Installing a hot water recirculation system will save water and energy by circulating hot water through your household plumbing faster and more efficiently.

Install covers on pools and spas – saves an estimated 30 gallons per day.
Water before 6 a.m. and after 8 p.m. – estimated savings of 20 to 25 gallons per day.
Adjust sprinklers to prevent overspray – saves an estimated 15 to 25 gallons per day.
Growing native plants can save more than half the water normally used to care for outdoor plants.
Water plants deeply, but infrequently. Most plants do best if the soil is allowed to dry out between watering. Homes with a large number of plants could save 750 – 1,500 gallons of water each month.
Add mulch (2″-3″) around trees and plants (1,000 sq ft) – estimated savings of 25 gallons per day.
Serving the Greater San Diego Area, including the cities and communities of:

Every home is required by code to be equipped with a PRV, otherwise known as a pressure regulating valve or pressure reducing valve. This brass, cone-shaped large valve is located on your inbound main line, most of the time inside the home. You may never have seen this valve if you have a crawlspace or a finished basement, but, it’s there (or should be). The function of a PRV is to regulate the water pressure inside your home between 55 and 70 psi. The water pressure on your main waterline before it reaches your home, and subsequently your PRV, is around 130-160 psi. This is far too much for your faucets, toilet valves, and other plumbing fixtures to safely handle. This large amount of pressure would cause damage to the components in these items, causing damage and leaks. So in order to keep the water pressure at a safe level, a PRV is installed to reduce and regulate the pressure at a consistent level, extending the life of your plumbing fixtures and piping. They do this by using an internally mounted spring and diaphragm assembly that manages the pressure by moving the water through multiple chambers. Imagine the muffler on your car…only a little more complex.

Like any other valve, PRV’s have a limited lifespan. Their total working time depends on several things, including street pressure, usage, and quality, but the average lifespan of one of these ranges from 7-12 years, with some exceptions. PRV’s can be easily damaged, however, and often you will notice pressure issues in your home after only a few years. Small bits of debris can find their way into waterlines, damaging or clogging the mechanism that controls pressure. The internal diaphragm, being made of a softer material, can be torn if debris enters the valve. This event will often cause a humming or banging sound coming from your water pipes, known as water hammer. High quality valves are less apt, but still vulnerable to these problems. Some brands and models have a longer life expectancy than others, and we only install the highest quality, well known valves in your home. These valves come in sizes from 3/4″ to 1 1/2″ for residential applications, and even larger for commercial properties. We install and service them all. So when you see a sudden increase or decrease in your water pressure, unknown sounds when you use faucets or flush a toilet, or if it’s simply been several yuears since your last replacement, have your PRV replaced. It will save you costly repairs elsewhere in your home and keep your plumbing system in check.


Plumbing 1.12

Plumbing Nightmare

I decided to DIY,M (Do It Yourself, Myself) with regards to plumbing repair in on of 2 bathrooms in my home. Pulling up the floor and such was what it was: labor intensive. Shutting off the water and such and cutting the old pipes loose was all straightforward and surprisingly clean. I don’t know why I thought it would be absolutely filthy under the house, but it wasn’t… That.

The bathroom was remodeled and made approximately twice its previous size. Light, electric and water fixtures were all moved to different locations with an extra sink added to the mix. Things got confusing for me so I decided that I would probably need a plumber north shore. Before that phone call would happen I decided that I should give it the old college try.

I went to Home Depot, just up the street from my house with a list of what I thought I needed and my iPhone with Google up and ready to answer my DIY needs. I purchased copper pipe and lead pipe thinking I’d use the lead for the cold water and the copper of course the hot water. Turns out, nowadays people just use copper for both. Okay. Next to do was to get the pipes cut to the proper size. I used tools inherited from my father to cut and bend and basically fashion the pipes in a way I thought was proper. Notice I say “thought”. This should imply to the reader that I will be explaining some type of hijinks shortly, but this is more of a “Damn, messed up” type of tale.

I made some connections, threaded some pipe, heated the pipe sealant into the connections and when I was satisfied, I turned the water on.

The pipes didn’t immediately start leaking. At first I was like: “Yeah, Buddy – rollin’ like a bigshot…” The next moment I was like: “Aw, man”. And then I was all like: “Whoa, that’s a lotta leaks!”

So I called a plumber north shore and he came down and he was probably pretty exited at the mess I made, considering he was going to get paid by the hour. He did what plumbers do, called and assistant and had the youngster climb into the floor and start figuring out what when where. Day One consisted of the two of them undoing my mess and then leaving after a 2-hour lunch. Day Two consisted of the two of them making plans and informing me of the materials that were going to be needed as well as a permit for new construction. I wanted to know about this new construction and was informed by the young assistant that I have messed up the plaster on the wall – they could fix it, they weren’t just plumbers. I was like: “yeah, but… you licensed here?” They said they had an associate who was and that they would handle the plans for me.
They did it and were done.

Title: Drainlayers Auckland

There are things that surround us on our every step, but are so deeply implemented in our environments that we do not even think about them. One such thing is the drainage system. Every urban place on this world has it, but we never really think about it. Furthermore, life without it would certainly be much different than the way we know it today. Luckily, that is not the case and we live in (more or less) a healthy society, where drainage systems are properly working as protectors of the public health, ensuring us that we live in pollution-free environment. However, there are parts of the world where drainage systems are still a luxury. Of course, those are either uninhibited or very poor parts of the world. As a result, there are many more diseases in those parts of the world. In this article we will be looking at some basic information regarding the drainlayer’s profession, but we will also get more specific and talk a little bit about the things you should look for when searching for drainlayers Auckland.

Why would you need to search for drainlayers Auckland? Usually, people would need drainlayer services when they are building houses, apartments or something similar and want to be connected to the public drainage system. As we already mentioned, most urban areas (at least in the most advanced parts of the world) have their drainage systems and if you want to connect to them, you will have to hire some of the local contractors that are certified to do this type of business. You can’t simply do that on your own for two reasons. First, the work is really demanding and hard, and it is also against the law. As a large number of people are using those systems, it is important that the systems work properly and never fail. That is why only authorized companies can work on them.

Most of the work drainlayers Auckland do is below ground. This is why they will typically use different kinds of equipment. Front tractors and massive trucks are usually involved. The trucks are used to deliver material and other equipment to the construction site; and tractors are generally used for excavations. All that equipment is needed if you want to install bellow ground drainage systems. However, these professionals can work on many different projects of installing anything remotely connected to plumbing, drain laying, installing septic tanks, clearing blockages, testing systems etc.

Drainlayers Auckland: conclusion
When looking for quality drainlayers Auckland contractors, you should pay attention to a few things. First of all, you will want someone who can get things done fast and efficiently. However, all that will not matter much if their prices are sky-high. So, you will

Drain unblockers

surely want someone you can afford. There are ways to learn the prices of certain companies. They will usually tell you the projection of the amount you will have to spend, but there are also other ways you can get some information about the companies you are considering. One of those ways is certainly the Internet, as there is a lot of online information regarding every aspect of life, especially when bigger cities like Auckland are in question.

Title: Blocked Drains

Drains often get blocked due to different reasons. When it comes to these situations, most of us panic and turn the occurrence into a real nightmare. However, this is a normal thing today and there are multiple solutions about how to clean the blocked drains. For example, in order to unblock your drains as fast as you can, you should use some of your tools available in your home or react as quickly as possible and contact the services to help you solve the problem. However, you can do the task on your own instead of calling someone by using some practical tips given by professionals. In the continuation of this article, you can find the most helpful tips in order to perform cleaning on your drains by yourself.

There are many reasons which can result with drains blockage. Blocked drains are usually a result of buildup of fats, soaps, oils and other things. Of course, the drains’ function can be also blocked if there is some object stuck inside. No matter what the reason is, unblocking them quickly is very important because the blockage can lead to serious consequences for the environment. The solution for unblocking the drains is the priority, but sometimes it can be a difficult task which can be solved only by replacing them with new drains. In order to undercover your problem quickly, you need to act fast and find a long-term solution. Otherwise, you will be facing a real threat for your home.

The benefits of baking soda can be used if you know the fact that it can be a good option for unblocking your drains quickly. Baking soda and vinegar together can be a very powerful combination, which is helpful for cleaning the blocked drains. To unclog your drains by using baking soda and vinegar, you should follow a few steps. First, put a pot of boiled water down in your drains and then put 1/2 of the baking soda. After that, you need to make a mixture of the vinegar and a small amount of hot water. That mixture should be poured over the baking soda, down in the drains. Wait for 5 to 10 minutes while the magic is done, and then flush again with hot boiled water. This should provide you with exceptional results. Also, you can do this procedure regularly for further maintenance and prevent your drains from another blockage.

Blocked drains: the second solution
If you are a skeptic about the procedure described in the first solution or you simply don’t want to perform it, there are additional tips about how to clean your blocked drains. Visit the nearest store in your place and find products which are intended for that purpose specifically. Usually, these products are not expensive and they provide great results in unblocking the drains. Instead of calling a plumber service, you can do the job by yourself by performing these easy actions. If you are not sure about it, there is always someone who can help you with this operation.

When you have some plumbing problem in your house or in your backyard, you need to call a professional who can solve it quickly. Plumber services are available throughout the whole world and it is very practical to call a plumber to repair whatever you need in your residence. If you live in Auckland, then you can find the plumbers’ contact information in the local newspapers as well as on the internet. Plumber Auckland services include activities such as assembling pipes sections, tubing, fitting and working with all required instruments. In addition, the plumber should be able to prepare and study plans and other projects that specify the plumbing layout and the materials used in the construction. Moreover, the plumber Auckland contractor should provide you with additional services such as installing and repairing equipment like pumps, boilers cooling and heating systems, water heaters, water tanks, solar water heating systems and many other things. The plumber is a person who must possess professional knowledge about their job and should be trained well. The plumbers have a lot of experience in solving the plumbing problems from the everyday situations and that is why even the toughest jobs look very simple in their hands. If you have any difficulties in assembling the equipment in your bath or you need just a regular maintenance, you can call a plumber and solve the problems in a short period of time. In addition, the plumbing services are very affordable, so you can call a plumber every time you need one.

They say that having a good plumber is like having a good lawyer. You pray that the day when you need the plumber Auckland services will never come, yet if it does, you need someone who knows what he is doing. Finding a good plumber should be an easy task, however – it is not. Therefore, if you ever find one, keep his phone number on a safe location, possibly in a waterproof and fireproof safe. Still, if you are in a need of a plumber Auckland based professional, I advise you to skip the third degree interrogation of your friends and family and turn to your all-knowing friend Google. First of all, the one fact that I find immensely important is that you must have a plumber prior the occurrence of the problem. If you fail at securing one, the chances are that you will be stuck with the first plumber in the phone book, and by some Murphy Law he won’t be as good and as cheap as you hoped he would be. Thereby, start making a list of three or four plumbers that you think are qualified and worthy of naming them as your personal plumber. Call them or make an appointment with each and every one of them and ask them for their references and cost fees. Remember to ask whether they charge by the hour or the gravity of the venture. The moment you hear the words “by hour”, say your goodbyes politely and hang up, as that kind of plumbers have only one intention on mind, and that is taking you to the cleaners.
Minneapolis MN Faucets

Minneapolis Faucets
Did you know that some Minneapolis faucets are cheaper to replace than repair? When we encounter a faucet repair we will consider the value of the repair and allow you to make the decision on whether to repair or replace.

What causes my faucet to drip in Minneapolis, MN?
Most faucets in Minneapolis, MN work with a rubber or composition washer that closes onto a metal washer seat. Over time, the washer harden and cracks or simply gets worn down. This causes the faucet to leak. You can close the faucet tighter to stop the drip, but this is just temporary. In fact, you’re just increasing the internal damage to the washer and faucet and the problem is only going to get worse. Usually when a faucet drips, the problem has a relatively simple solution: the washers or other internal mechanisms need to be rebuilt or replaced. You can do this yourself or a Plumbing Services Minneapolis plumbing technician can fix this easily and inexpensively.

Is there a way to extend the life of my washers in Minneapolis, MN?
Yes. Turn your faucets on and off gently rather than forcefully. This will greatly reduce wear and tear.

My single handle faucet drips, but if I move the handle just a little bit it stops dripping. How come the washers are beginning to wear out
It’s time to rebuild or replace your faucet. This will normally take care of you problem. You can buy a faucet kit at your local hardware store. You may want to disassemble the faucet and bring the parts with you to match them against what the store has in stock.

Why does my sink faucet rattle?
The most common cause of rattling pipes is a loose washer in the faucet. To fix, remove the screen at the end of the faucet, then flush the washer out by turning on the water. If that doesn’t work, dismantle the faucet and replace the old washer.

I have a two handle kitchen faucet. When I turn on the cold water, it chatters loudly. What causes this?
This chattering sound probably means you have a loose faucet washer. To fix, turn your water off at the faucet and take your faucet apart from the top two handles and tighten the washers or replace them. Or call Plumbing Services and we can do it for you in a jiffy.

I keep replacing the washers in my two handle tub faucet, but they don’t last very long. When I take out the old washer it is chewed up. What causes this?
The brass seats on these old faucets are bad and have rough edges. Most seats are replaceable, but you will need a special wrench to get them out. This can sometime be a problem. Make sure you use Teflon tape on the threads of the new seats so they seal correctly.

I hear a dripping noise but no water leaks. What could it be?
If you have copper pipes, it is probably the sound of the pipe expanding and contracting as it heats and cools. This is normal for copper pipes; there is little you can do about it except to make sure the pipe is not rubbing against anything. This is often seen when a water pipe has been installed through a wood floor. During the original construction, the hole for the pipe going between floors is drilled too small, so the pipe rubs against the wood as it expands and contracts. The noise it makes simulates a dripping sound. The usual remedy is to make a hole in the wall, locate the pipe and insulate and or enlarge the opening where it penetrates.

My faucets and shower heads have a white substance around the area where the water comes out. Is there anything I can do other than replace them?
This unsightly buildup is caused by mineral deposits. To remove them, pour a cup of vinegar into a plastic bag. Place the bag over the showerhead or faucets and hold it in place with a twist tie overnight. In the morning, remove the bag and gently scrub off the deposits with an old toothbrush.


Minneapolis MN Toilets

Minneapolis Toilets
If your toilet in Minneapolis, MN rocks, give us a call! We have a flat rate for what we call a “toilet pull and reset”. Most times this situation calls for a new wax ring, fresh bolts, and possible shims for uneven floors. Other times the flange might need to be replaced.

Whatever the situation or value of home, every customer will be treated with top notch service. With this repair we will lay a cloth down and top it off with plastic for the toilet to rest as we conduct any needed repairs to the flange area.

My Minneapolis, MN toilet is loose and rocks. What should I do?
There is a series of round cap on the back or sides of your toilet. Remove the caps and you will see a nut which you can tighten. You also may have an uneven floor. For this, the bowl will need to be shimmed to stop the rocking. If the rocking is excessive, you should remove the bowl and check the stool flange to make sure it is not broken and replace the wax seal to make sure there are no leaks.

I had a new toilet installed and it leaks at the base. What’s the problem?
A leaky toilet base is often caused by a flange not being sealed all the way. The top of the flange that the toilet sits on must be even with the floor. If the floor is uneven or if the flange is too high, then the toilet might have to be shimmed. If the flange is too low, place a wax ring on the bottom and another one on top with the plastic horn insert.

Every few minutes, water runs into my Minneapolis, MN toilet tank. What can I do?
If your reservoir empties out on a regular basis or never completely fills, check the rubber flapper in your toilet and make sure that is it not corroded or become warped. Some chemicals can cause rubber parts to distort and thus allowing water to leak out of the reservoir. Jiggling the flush handle to get the flapper to seal may work for awhile, but eventually even this fails. When this happens, you’ll need to replace the flapper with a new one. Most toilets utilize a universal flapper, but some brands require custom flappers to be made by their own manufacturer. The best thing to do is shut off the water to the toilet and remove the flapper. Bring the flapper to a hardware store and find a comparable one to replace it with.

Should I be concerned if my Minneapolis, MN toilet is running?
You bet. Not only is it annoying to listen to, it’s a waste of water and money. Leaky toilets can add almost $100 extra per year to your water bills. If the toilet continues to run after the toilet is flushed, it indicates that some part of the internal mechanism is out of order or broken. Often a little jiggling of the toilet handle solves the problem. Sometimes a simple part needs to be replaced. The worst case scenario is that the entire mechanism needs to be replaced. No matter what the cause, Horizon Services can diagnose and fix the problem.

My Minneapolis, MN water bills appear to be high. I have not noticed any water leaks. What else could be contributing to my high water bill?
Check to see if a toilet is leaking. Here’s how:

First, make sure that the water level in the tank is not overflowing by way of the overflow pipe (the pipe in the middle of the tank with a small tubing connected to it). If water is running into the overflow pipe, adjust the fill valve to stop the flow approximately one inch below the top of the overflow tube or to the water level mark stamped on the side of the tank.
Second, put a few drops of food coloring into the tank to test the flush valve mechanism. If the water in the bowl changes color within 15 minutes, this is an indication that water is leaking into the toilet bowl and that the ball or flapper needs to be replaced.
How do I know if my toilet is leaking?
Sometimes leaking toilets can go unnoticed for a long time. Signs that your toilet is in need of repair or might be leaking:

A toilet that is not being used should be silent. Any noise coming from it might be an indicator of a leak.
Water keeps running from the tank into the toilet bowl after it has been flushed, even just a trickle.
After flushing, the toilet the tank won’t fill again and you can’t flush again.
You have to move or jiggle the toilet handle to make the water stop running.
The toilet handle is loose.
You need to keep holding down the toilet handle while flushing in order to complete the flushing process.
Water spots or mold along the wall behind the tank.
Phantom flushing: your toilet turns the water on without your flushing it.
Why do I have hot water in my toilet?
It could be due to a bad flapper in the toilet tank or a bad fill valve. Some toilets have a mixing valve to prevent condensation; this adds a little hot water to raise the temperature. When this system is not functioning correctly, the bowl can fill up with hot water! Try replacing the flapper; if this doesn’t fix the problem, call Horizon Services.

My toilet is not flushing and water is backing up into my shower/tub, what is wrong?
You probably have a clogged drain or sewer line. Horizon Services can clear this with a drain cleaning machine or a rooting machine. This is a device that sends a long cable down your drain attached with a cutting head at the end. This cutting head will cut through and clean out whatever is blocking your sewer and drain pipes. The cable comes in different sizes to fit different fixtures ranging from tubs and small sinks to large sewer lines.
Emergency Plumber Orange County presents, “How to Pick the right plumber for You.” In this post I will be giving you advice on how you could go about picking the right plumber in order to get the quality and service you need, and also featuring my recommended plumbing service. Alright here we go.

Have you ever been in the kind of situation that you know you needed a plumber but did not know who to call? By situation I mean a frustrating moment in time such as a leaky pipe flooding your home or business, or even a recurring problem in your bathroom or sink. You know, one of those situations where you just want to yell at the top of your lungs. If you answered yes, which you probably did, then you want to make sure you call the right person to help you, but how do you know who to call?

In these kind of situations you want a fast response time and someone who can help you with whatever issues you are having. One recommendation I have is call or run over to your neighbor. Most people get so caught up in their plumbing emergencies that they do not take a second to calm down and think clearly. Chances are going to your neighbor could be the fastest and easiest solution for you. Your neighbor may or may not know how to fix your problem but the point is they will be in a clearer state of mind then you. Your neighbor could direct you and give you some advice you would not have thought otherwise. You may ask, “Well what if calling my neighbor is not an option”? Who are you going to call? Ghostbusters? ( corny joke I know)

If calling the neighbor is not an option then most people will go online and type in emergency plumber Orange County and try and find the first person they see. The issue with just calling any plumber is that every plumber offers the same type of sales pitches. “We are the best!” We are the fastest!” Well I am here to tell you about my own experience with these so called amazing plumbers and I will tell you my great experience with California Plumbing & Rooter Service. Finding a trustworthy plumber can be an enormous task for some people. This task includes trial and error, frustration, and luck. Fortunately there are other ways around this drawn out process. One of the shortcuts includes listening to testimonials of other people, and in this case an entire blog!

Here is my story. I had a horrible flood in my house. I had no idea where it came from or how it started. I did not have anyone to call or anyone to ask for help. Earlier in the day I ran into Julio with California Plumbing & Rooter Service. He was passing out his business cards at my local grocery store in Yorba Linda. You know those people that pass out business cards robotically and have no passion. Well Julio was the complete opposite. He had great energy and was filled with positive energy. He told me about his business and how he guarantees all his service and how he has been plumbing his entire life. Of course I just brushed it off, thinking he was like every other businessman. Well fortunately for me I had Julio’s business card next to me when that flood nearly destroyed my house. I called Julio as fast as I could and it seemed as if he arrived at my home before I even ended the call. Julio’s professionalism, knowledge, and experience saved my home. I am truly grateful to his services.

So in my opinion if you do have any kind of Plumbing issues you should give Julio at California Plumbing & Rooter Service. He did a great service to me so I feel like repaying him the favor, by giving his business some exposure, is something I must do.

Gas | Plumbers | Plumbing | Plumbing Contractors
There are a number of items that you might have that rely on gas such as your furnace, pool heater, clothes dryer, outdoor lights, spa heater, water heater, stove, or range. When the gas in not working properly it can become very frustrating and in some cases costly if not taken care of right away.

The first item that we are going to look at is the hot water heater tank which may run out of gas. You may want to upgrade it, repair it, or replace it and we at P&P Plumbing Heating and Gas are here to help with any of these needs as well as any other gas projects that you might need in your home. For those of you out there that want to get a bigger water heater you will want to make sure that you have the proper hookups for a larger tank as well as the space to put it in. When we install bigger gas water heater we will be able to tell you right away if there is going to be a problem fitting it in. For those out there that need a repair we are able to help you with that as well. There are a number of reasons that you might need gas water heater repair such as you are not getting hot water, there is a noise when the gas water heater is turned on or any number of other reasons. We at P&P Plumbing Heating and Gas have the experience needed to help with almost all gas installations, repair, and replacements that are out there.

P&P Plumbing Heating and Gas is able to install a gas pipeline or be able to tell assist in repairing a gas leak if that is what you need. We make sure that we are well informed on all the latest gas project updates and advancements so that we can give you the best quality service that you deserve as well as should expect. The gas repair company that you choose should be able to assist you with gas stove repair, replacement, and installation. This generally comes in handy when you are remodeling your kitchen you will want someone that is able to install your fixtures as well as able install a gas line for a gas stove. For those out there that have gas stoves that need repaired you may find it difficult to locate a company that will work on them. This is why P&P Plumbing Heating and Gas is here we are here to make sure that when you run into a problem at your home you have a reliable, quick, and efficient company you know you can rely upon. For those out there that are not sure if we can handle the issue, problem, or project you need help with feel free to call, fax, or email us with your issue, problem, or project we will make sure to answer you as soon as possible.

GAC Plumbing Company has the experience and expertise to solve all of your plumbing problems. We respond to emergencies day or night any day of the week. We guarantee our work and use only the highest quality replacement parts and fixtures.

Our dedicated technicians are true professionals and have the utmost respect for your home your, property and your time. You will receive Factory Guarantees for all new parts and fixtures and a GAC Plumbing company guarantee for all work performed.

GAC Plumbing company installs, repairs, maintains, and replaces all plumbing related appliances.

Whether it’s washing dishes, laundry or a soothing bath your life wouldn’t be the same without hot water in your home. Your hot water heater may be the most important piece of equipment in your home (after the toilet of course). We repair and maintain all types of water heaters, tanks, tankless, electric or gas. You can count on us to respond immediately if your system ever leaves you in the cold.

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Got soft water? We can keep it soft for you. Regular maintenance of your water conditioning system will keep away the mineral accumulations from any municipal system or well.

Drains become clogged over time as soap, hair and grease build up inside your drain pipes. When this happens your waste waters can no longer make the journey to the sewer or septic system, but tend to hang out in your tubs and sinks. This is bad. GAC Plumbing Company keeps waste moving all across the greater Petaluma area. We can clear or replace your pipes as necessary.

Sinks, tubs and showers. These fixtures make up the interface between the human software and the plumbing hardware in your home or business. All three items hold water where you want it to be. When they fail water goes where physics and gravity take it. This is rarely where you would like it to be. We will keep your water containment systems working the way you expect. Disposals add a whole new dimension to these problems. The probability of all those bits of food and debris accumulating somewhere downstream of your kitchen sink are pretty high. And that high speed motor and those sharp blades, it’s a mechanical system prone to breakage just like any other piece of equipment. GAC Plumbing Company has the know-how to get things spinning and draining just as they are supposed to.

Disposals add a whole new dimension to common plumbing problems. The probability of all those bits of food and debris accumulating somewhere downstream of your kitchen sink are pretty high. And that high speed motor and those sharp blades, it’s a mechanical system vulnerable to breakage just like any other piece of mechanical equipment. GAC Plumbing Company has the know-how to get things spinning and draining just as they are supposed to.

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What’s worse than a clogged disposal? That’s right, a clogged toilet. Dysfunctional toilets are not only inconvenient, but they can be a dangerous breeding ground for countless bacteria and germs. What is frequently overlooked is the partially clogged toilet, the ones that require multiple flushes to finally get the waste where it’s supposed to go. The cost of this condition is reflected in higher water bills and inconvenience. Leaky seals and worn flushing mechanicals (moving parts) are also problematic. GAC Plumbing Company can not only repair or replace your faulty toilet parts but can inspect your entire system to reduce the possibility of future breakdowns.

Faucets. What is there to say about faucets? You move the handle and water magically begins to flow. Sometimes though, water doesn’t flow. Or it doesn’t flow fast enough. Or it also flows out of places where you don’t want it to flow. GAC Plumbing Company can get control of those irritating faucet problems.

Pumps are wonderful things. They move liquids into or out of your home or business (depending on which way they are pointed). However, even more so than faucets and disposals, they are mechanical in nature. Moving parts wear and sometimes break altogether. Add the complexities of electrical requirements and things get difficult to deal with quickly. Call GAC Plumbing Company at the first sign of pumping problems. We service a wide variety of pumps and will get things moving properly in no time at all.

Drains Blocked? Find A Good Emergency Plumber Now

A blocked drain can be a nightmare. Blocked drains, in particular blocked sewage pipes are annoying, unhygienic and often messy. If you find a blocked drain on your property make sure you have a licensed plumber attend to it immediately. The longer you leave it, the greater the damage may be.

Many people attempt to fix blocked drains themselves, but doing so could wind up costing you money. You could damage the pipes further, there is also a possibility you could hurt yourself. If you damaged a major pipeline, the repair bill could easily run into the thousands.

If your sink or drains are blocked you should definitely not attempt to fix it yourself, doing so could cause more damage or a flood. If you have a blocked toilet, you can try clearing it the old fashioned way with a plunger, but if this doesn’t not work you will need to call in a plumber. As a basic rule, if you need to get wet, dirty or take apart pipes to fix it, call a plumber.

If your blocked drain is stopping you from being able to cook or clean, or it is emitting nasty odors, you may consider an emergency plumbing. Calling out a 24 hour plumber is expensive, but well worth it. Keep in mind that it could cost you a lot more if major damage or a flood occurs because of the blocked drain.

There are some plumbers that specialize in blocked drains. A quick Google search will bring you up a list of plumbers. If you need someone straight away, you may need to just get an emergency plumber who is available.

Just because you have called in a 24 hour plumber, doesn’t mean you need to settle on a second rate one. There are a few tips to keep in mind when selecting a plumber, even when it’s an emergency.

Make sure the plumber is licensed. A licensed plumber will have completed the right training and also carry the correct insurances. Rest assured, if anything goes wrong you will be covered. A good plumber should be able to give you a time of arrival. If they can’t, call someone else. Keep in mind though, that they will likely be busy particularly on weekends so be prepared to wait. If you are calling a plumber to repair storm damage, remember that they cannot even start work until the rain has stopped. This is dangerous and against workplace health and safety regulations.

In a normal situation you can ask family of friends for advice. In a situation where an emergency plumber is needed, it is likely you will not be able to do this. Good research skills come in handy here, jump on the internet and do a search. More than the actual homepages of plumbers, have a look for any review sites you can find. Testimonials from others have far more credibility than what people say about themselves.
pvyas recently asked:
Most of the people living in the western countries are taking the convenience of modern plumbing technologies for granted. Be it a running tap or flushing toilet, it does not come to anyone’s mind as to the changes plumbing has gone through or the history of the technology. Plumbing hardware roughly includes all those equipments that helps in the plumbing like hose fittings, pipe fittings, plumbing pipes, tube fittings and valves. Today pipes and fixtures are mostly located underground and the sewage drains and cesspools of ancient times have been almost completely eradicated and replaced. As technology continues to advance, the cleanliness and efficiency of plumbing and toilets have become more efficient and clean.

However, when at home, if some problem arises like leaking faucets, clogged drains and faulty pipes people get anxious to hunt for a plumber. Only a few realise that these petty problems can be tackled at home only and that too without the help of any plumber. Yeah its very much true. All you need is your plumbing tools and some patience ensure the blueprint for sparkling success. Routine plumbing problems in the house does not necessarily explicate harbinger of doom. Here’s how you can go about conducting minor repairs yourself without disastrous results.

1.make sure you are equipped with all the plumbing tools before you embark upon the task of repair work. After making a bee line to the nearest plumbing supplies store, pick basic tools like an auger, a plunger, a screwdriver, an adjustable wrench, pipe wrenches, slip-joint and needle nose pliers, compression nuts and rings and faucet seats.

2.Getting familiar with the location and functioning of the shut-off valve of every fixture and main shut-off valves in the house is extremely crucial. Make sure to turn off the water supply before beginning with the repair work.

3.If the problem is in a particular fixture, then you can close the valve of that fixture only. The valve is generally located at the beneath the fixture and you can sloe it by turning it clockwise. In case the fixture does not have a valve of its own, then close the main shut-off valve in the house.

4.If there is a leaky faucet, then get on the root of it by taking off the faucet with a screwdriver. Then take off the ***** cap that secures the stem, with an adjustable wrench. Make sure you do this with patience and precision to avoid any damage.

5.In some of the faucets, one needs to replace the washer in order to stop the leak. While in some washer less faucets the cause of leakage can be the ‘O’ rings.

These are some of the most effective and workable tips that one can follow to mend small plumbing problems at home with the help of plumbing hardware, thus evading the need to call a professional plumber. These routine plumbing problems can be conducted by oneself without calamitous results. Plumbing technology is changing day by day and various equipments that can help the house maker solve it on their own, are being launched in the markets.


Steve Dubin recently asked:

For many homeowners, remodeling or upgrading their existing home remains an appealing option in an uncertain real estate market. The question is, which projects offer the best return on investment in the long run?

John Wood, founder and CEO of Hub Plumbing & Mechanical of Boston offers some suggestions on upgrade and remodeling projects that involve his area of expertise – anything that involves plumbing or HVAC considerations, including, of course, bathrooms and kitchens.

First of all, it’s important to decide what your goal is – maintenance and repair or a lifestyle improvement? Do you want to simply upgrade tired fixtures or do you want to invest in a lavish gourmet kitchen, or a spa-like retreat to replace an existing bath?

Notes Wood, “Plumbing is tricky; it’s not just a matter of running a few pipes to accommodate new fixtures or appliances. Depending on the age and condition of your home, you may be facing a hodge-podge of materials and plumbing “fixes” that have been incorporated over the years. You need to realistically determine what you can afford, establish a budget, and stick to it.”

That said, which projects not only provide comfort and style, but also offer a good long-term return on your investment? Using Remodeling Magazine’s 2007 Cost vs. Value Report for the New England region as a basis, a minor kitchen remodel, which would include a mid grade replacement of existing plumbing fixtures, would recoup an 86% return on investment (ROI.) A major mid range kitchen remodel, with features such as a double stainless-steel sink and a center island, would deliver a 77.7% ROI. An upscale kitchen remodel, utilizing elements such as designer fixtures, and a built-in water filtration system, would have an ROI of 76.7%

A mid-range bathroom remodel that would include the replacement of all plumbing fixtures, would deliver a 74.8% return on investment, while a midrange bathroom addition would yield an ROI of 65.8%. An upscale bathroom remodel, which would expand the bathroom within the existing footprint of the house, relocating all fixtures to accommodate a whirlpool and separate shower, would result in a 64.3% ROI, while an upscale bathroom addition, increasing the footprint of the house, would have an ROI of 64.1%

Once you decide what improvements you would like to pursue, don’t forget the basics when planning an upgrade or remodeling project. Research contractors by license number to make sure that they ARE licensed, and to see if any complaints have been filed against them. References should also be readily available and should be checked for verification. Also, don’t forget to ask for a copy of the contractor’s insurance binder.

About Hub Plumbing & Mechanical

Hub Plumbing & Mechanical was established in 1999 and now includes a staff of 16 full time employees. This full service plumbing company assists residential and commercial customers with code violations, sewer/drain clogs, garbage disposals, water heaters, water filtration, steam and hot water boilers, thermostats, leaky faucets, tub valves, gas pipes, appliance installation, outside hose faucets, and residential HVAC service.

Hub Plumbing & Mechanical was recently highlighted in a new book entitled “The Celebrity Experience” where Hub Plumbing & Mechanical’s Red Carpet Service was cited as an example of how it’s possible to create faithful life long customers by showering them with treatment usually reserved for celebrities.

Hub Plumbing and Mechanical’s signature Red Carpet service features experienced teams of licensed technicians who not only protect your floors with a red carpet, but also cover their work boots with stain-resistant booties, wear ID badges for security purposes, and arrive on time and smartly dressed in crisp, clean uniforms.

The company does not charge by the hour, but by the specific project. Hub Plumbing & Mechanical is available 24 hours a day and 7 seven days a week to provide immediate access and peace of mind. Dedicated 2nd and 3rd shift night dispatchers internally handle all calls at Hub Plumbing & Mechanical, not an answering service. The difference between the two enables Hub Plumbing & Mechanical to get real-time info on the customer 24/7 to expedite the call as efficiently as possible.

Plumber Ft Lauderdalesays, that if you have had a major plumbing problem in Fort Lauderdale, you know what a hassle they can be. The best way to solve a problem with your plumbing is to prevent them from ever becoming a problem. A good plumber in Fort Lauderdale will be able to teach you how to maintain your plumbing so that you can avoid having disasters in the future.

The most basic plumbing problems can usually be prevented with basic maintenance such as cleaning pipes, replacing faucets and routinely checking for worn out pipes. But most of these simple maintenance tasks often are put on the back burner and forgotten about. And often you don’t realize there was a problem until it turned into an emergency, such as a clogged toilet or a burst pipe and 2 feet of water in the basement. If you need help in figuring out how to do the upkeep on your plumbing talk to your plumber in Fort Lauderdale.

Doing these simple maintenances can save you a lot of money and headaches. Don’t leave these routine maintenances for a once a year. The best approach is to maintain your plumbing at the start of every season to prepare for what could happen.

• Over the summer it is a great time to check for mold around the base of your sink and toilet, also check the tiles and make sure that no shifting has occurred or the wood behind your tiles may be rotting.

• Check the water pressure, if it doesn’t feel as strong as usual that could be a sign that there are a lot of mineral deposits. A few pipes or the showerhead may need to be replaced to stop anything worse from happening.

• Check your water heater, if it is older than 15 years it needs to be replaced or you may be headed for a lot of trouble. A good place to check for trouble on your water heater is if your water tank appears to be rusting.

• Check under the sink for leaks with the garbage disposal. If there are no leaks, don’t assume that everything is fine, test that the connections are tight on the garbage disposal to be sure.

• Keep a constant eye out for puddles and standing water in your yard. If there seems to be a lot of water in your yard it may have come from a burst pipe underground.

• Temperatures in Fort Lauderdale don’t often get below freezing, but it is still a great time to prepare for winter before a crazy storm that freezes your pipes. Check for drips at outside faucets, you want to fix water leaks before winter where pipes can freeze and break. Also drain your pipes before winter. If you have never done this before call your plumber in Fort Lauderdale to help you prepare for winter. Also, keep your water heater at 120 degrees so it will be the most efficient.

• Don’t let any fat or grease go down a drain. Grease and fat can harden in the pipes causing major clogged pipes which will need to be replaced. Also avoid putting hard to grind and stringy things in the garbage disposal such as carrot peelings.

Plumber Ft Lauderdale knows that following these tips can help prevent a plumbing disaster. But to be sure that you are doing everything that you can be sure to check in with Plumber Ft Lauderdale for more guidance.
Plumbing Repairs – Replacing your old plumbing |tier1

Old houses can have many problems with plumbing and if correct preventative measures are taken, it can spare you a lot of money and surprise emergencies. Here are 12 things to keep in mind with the plumbing in your old home:

If you’re going to buy an old house or if you currently own an older home, get a plumber to do a full plumbing inspection on it. This will allow you to know all of the potential problems you will come across in the future. Have your plumber run a camera through the sewer line from your home into the street. Sewer line problems can be the most expensive fix in an older home so the preventative measures are well worth it. If your sewer needs fixing, a pipe relining, pipe replacement or a thorough cleaning with a jetter are the three possible options.

Many older homes have undersized pipes and most of these pipes are galvanized and have debris collected inside. You may have to replace all the galvanized piping in your home and have it property re-sized. Also, with older pipes you will have older faucets and fixtures that have older washer and seat technology. New innovations for today’s faucets have a ceramic disk that last 20-40 years longer than the older ones.

Cast iron sewer pipes and galvanized piping are a problem because water has been running through them for so long that a groove forms in the bottom of the pipes making them very thin.These will eventually leak. Old plumbing drains and secondary sinks have years of collected wast and usually need to be augured out, jetted, or replaced.

Older water heaters usually have sediment built up in them and it takes extra heat to get through that sediment to heat the water. These water heaters may need to be replaced not to mention that a 12+ year-old water heater is an accident waiting to happen.

Old house drains will not handle new washing machines. Newer models spin so fast and empty water so quickly that it will likely flood; old pipes that are undersized and worn down will not handle it well.

Back in the day, there was not a plumbing code. Consequently, many older homes have a 1/2″ main water pipe running for the whole house making water flow fluctuate when you’re in the shower and your future enemy turns on the washer at the same time. Today’s main pipes are usually 1 to 1 1/4″, at least twice the size.

Check all of the emergency stop valves under the sink and toilet. You should be able to turn them off without a wrench. This will spare you many problems during an emergency situation.

If you see rust where a galvanized pipe and cast iron fitting meet, a leak has happened and will likely spring up again in the near future. Also, many older homes have copper pipes and galvanized pipes attached to each other. This causes electrolysis and consequently, erosion. Brass is needed as a separator between copper and galvanized pipes to prevent this corrosion.

Check for water damage underneath your sinks, it indicates that it was leaking at one time or is leaking.

Check the wax rings on around your toilet, they typically have a life of 5-8 years. The easiest way to check them is to see if the toilet rocks.

Check for any black mold or moisture build-up on the drywall — this is an indication of a leak behind the wall.

If you have a crawl space that gives you access to your plumbing, air it out once a year. Make sure there is no sewage puddling up in that space and check for residue on any pipes indicating leaks. Crawl spaces should be fumigated for spiders and rodents so you or your technician are not in danger when going in for repairs.

Hopefully you find these tips helpful for your old home plumbing. Whether you’re up against simple repairs or whole pipe replacements, an old home is irreplaceable.

Seeking Out a Qualified Plumber
What Kind Of Credentials Should Your Plumber Have?

Having to deal with plumbing is many a homeowner’s nightmare. They don’t know where to start or how to finish. Unfortunately, any home will require quite a bit of plumbing work to be able to even be inhabitable. There are Plumber Sal Lake Cityprofessionals out there who can take care of the job in a safe and efficient manner. If you are on the lookout for one of these to provide you with their services you may be curious as to what kind of credentials your plumber should have. This is a good question to ask yourself because if your hire someone who doesn’t have what they need to behind them, then they can cause damage to your home and you could get left with the bill.Here are a few guidelines to help you find the right person for the job.


It is always useful to have a contact number for a reliable plumber before you actually have to call them in an emergency due to that burst pipe or leaking tap like Plumber Salt Lake City. The last thing that you want to be doing is OKscrambling around trying to find one that is reliable and trustworthy whilst water is pouring out from a pipe. Preparation for an emergency situation is always the best strategy so here are some tips on how to find the best possible plumber. You do of course have to begin by doing a search to get a list of the different companies in your area as this is going to help you to find out who you must research into. Once you have the names do try and focus on those links that actually take you to official company websites as these are going to hold more information than any directory listing is capable of doing. Depending on where you are located they shall have to work to a constant high standard and shall perhaps be required to be members of certain associations. You should therefore be looking for references to the relevant plumbing organizations either for the country or even just for your local area. By looking into their memberships to these associations you should really feel a bit more confident that if you use them that they do understand what to do as they must be qualified in order to join. One other option is to even look at contacting the association itself as many of them shall give you a list of companies in your area and it is always good to try and get some form of references.

Check Their Qualifications:

Once you’ve found a few names you’re ready to start placing some phone calls. You’ll want to ask these plumbers some questions to determine who you’re going to hire to get the work done. The first and most important thing is if they are licensed, bonded and insured. This will offer you protection against the quality of services they can provide you. In order for them to get licensed they will need to have passed a state exam assessing their skill set. This protects you against their lack of knowledge. When they are bonded and insured you will be covered if they don’t complete the job you paid them for and you will also be protected against any property damage when they are working for you.

Ask For References:

Any qualified plumber should be able to supply you with references. They should offer them upon the interview process but if they don’t you will need to ask. When you have asked for references there shouldn’t be baulking on their part and certainly not any refusal. Once you have a few past clients and their contacts you will need to be sure to follow up by placing calls. Ask about their service. What did they hire the plumber for? How was the work performed? Did they have any difficulty with the quality and were they satisfied? If they have anything negative to say about their work with the plumber then you should follow up with a couple of questions about this experience. What was the trouble? What did the plumber do to remedy the situation? Once you have followed the above tips to searching out a plumber you’ll be well on your way to getting quality work.

Ask For Referrals:

Ask your friends and family members if they know anyone who does good plumbing work. This advice will come from someone you trust so it will be easy to trust the person they recommend. You will want to make sure the person they recommend has all the credentials that are needed to be a professional plumber. If none of your friends have any names to offer then you will need to perform your own search. At this time, your best option will be to turn to the web for referrals. Here you will be able to plug your location in and turn up several names of plumbers to choose from.


You need to have your plumber that is working on your home be licensed. The requirements for this are different with each state. If your plumber is licensed that means they have taken the state exam that says whether or not they know the right information to be able to work on your fixtures like Plumber Sal Lake City. After they have learned their trade there will be an examination that is state approved that they will need to pass showing they are qualified to work on plumbing fixtures. If the plumber you’re considering hiring doesn’t have this you have no way of knowing whether or not they actually possess the knowledge needed to install your new copper piping.


One of the other important things you’re going to want to check for when looking to hire a plumber is if they are insured. This will mean the difference between a broken water pipe and a plumber walking away leaving you to deal with the damage and one who will cover the costs. When working with pipes and fixtures any number of things can happen and you don’t want to be left with a big ticket in your hand and a bill to pay. A quality plumber will pay for insurance that will cover what they work on in the event an accident happens such as a broken pipe.


Bonded is often one of the most misunderstood words of the contracting industry. The first thing you need to know about it is that you want you’re plumber to be bonded. They should be able to show proof of it. When a plumber is bonded it means they have protection that will cover and offer protection for specific jobs states Plumber Sal Lake City. If they have been contracted to put all the pipes and fixtures into your new home that is under construction and they walk away leaving the job undone, you will be able to seek reimbursement to find another plumber to fix it. One of the major differences between insurance a plumber carries and their being bonded is the protection of jobs left unfinished. If you pay a good amount of money for work you expect completed and are left with it unfinished you want a way to recoup this so you can hire someone else.

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